"Biotechnology means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use." (Article 2. Use of Terms)
Golden rice is a variety of rice (Oryza sativa) produced through genetic modification to biosynthesise of the precursors of beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A) in the edible parts of rice. The scientific details of the rice were first published in Science in 2000.1 Golden rice was developed as a fortified food to be used in areas where there is a shortage of dietary Vitamin A. In 2005, a new variety called golden rice 2 was announced, it produces up to 23 times more beta-carotene than the original variety of golden rice.2 Neither variety is available for human consumption.
Although golden rice was developed as a humanitarian tool it has met with significant opposition from environmental and anti-globalization activists.