The CARIBBEAN PORTAL
The Caribbean (Dutch: Caraïben; French: Caraïbes; Spanish: Caribe; Portuguese: Caribe or Caraíbas) is a region of the Americas consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (most of which enclose the sea), and the surrounding coasts. The region is located southeast of Northern America, east of Central America, and to the north and west of South America. Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate, the area comprises more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs, and cayes. The West Indies consist of the Antilles, divided into the larger Greater Antilles which bound the sea on the north and the Lesser Antilles on the south and east (including the Leeward Antilles), and the Bahamas. Bermuda lies much further to the north in the Atlantic Ocean and is in the West Indies. Geopolitically, the West Indies are usually reckoned as a subregion of North America and are organised into 28 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies. At one time, there was a short-lived country called the Federation of the West Indies composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories.
The known history of Puerto Rico
began with the settlement of the archipielago
of Puerto Rico
by the Ortoiroid culture, sometime between 3000–2000 BC. Other tribes, such as the Igneri
Indians, populated the island between 120 and 1000 AD. At the time of Christopher Columbus
's arrival in the New World
, the dominant indigenous culture was that of the Taínos
. The Taíno culture died out during the latter half of the 16th century because of exploitation, war and diseases brought by the Spanish
Located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico was the key to the Spanish Empire since the early years of the exploration, conquest and colonization of the New World. The smallest of the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico was a major military post during many wars between Spain and other European powers for control of the region during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The island was a stepping-stone in the passage from Europe to Cuba, Mexico, Central America, and the northern territories of South America. Throughout most of the 19th century and until the conclusion of the Spanish-American War, Puerto Rico and Cuba were the last two Spanish colonies in the New World and served as the final outposts in Spanish strategies to regain control of the American continents.
- ...that Guamá was a Taíno rebel chief who led a rebellion against Spanish rule in Cuba in the 1530s?
- March 7: Edwin Carrington, secretary general of the 12-member Caricom announces that the Caribbean Community intends to negotiate a free trade agreement with Central America, perhaps within the next six months.(JAMAICAN OBSERVER)
- Feb 28: President of Cuba Fidel Castro makes a surprise phone call to Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez's radio talk show Aló Presidente, and the two leaders converse live on air for thirty minutes. During the conversation, Castro declares that he now has "more energy and strength".(PRAVDA)
- Feb 28: United Nations troops move into slum areas of Haiti, where almost a quarter of a million people live, as part of a new "get tough" policy against the armed gangs. (BBC NEWS)
Selected geography article
lies 145 kilometers south of Cuba
and 160 kilometers west of Haiti
. Its capital city, Kingston
, is about 920 kilometers southeast of Miami
. At its greatest extent, Jamaica is 235 kilometers long, and it varies between 35 and 82 kilometers wide. With an area of 10,911 square kilometers, Jamaica is the largest island of the Commonwealth Caribbean and the third largest of the Greater Antilles
, after Cuba
. Pedro Bank
, an area of shallow seas, with a number of cays
(low islands or reefs), extending generally east to west for over 160 kilometers, lies southwest of Jamaica. To the southeast lie the Morant Cays
, fifty-one kilometers from Morant Point
, the easternmost point of mainland Jamaica.