The Caribbean Community or CARICOM (Dutch: Caribische Gemeenschap, French: Communauté des Antilles, Spanish: Comunidad del Caribe) is an organisation of 15 Caribbean nations and dependencies. CARICOM's main purposes are to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy. Its major activities involve coordinating economic policies and development planning; devising and instituting special projects for the less-developed countries within its jurisdiction; operating as a regional single market for many of its members (Caricom Single Market); and handling regional trade disputes. The secretariat headquarters is based in Georgetown, Guyana.
Since the establishment of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) by the mainly English-speaking parts of the Caribbean region ,CARICOM has become multilingual in practice with the addition of Dutch speaking-Suriname on 4 July 1995 and French-speaking Haiti on 2 July 2002, and in 2003 the Caribbean Community agreed to make Spanish their second working language.
In 2001, the heads of government signed a Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas thus clearing the way for the transformation of the idea for a Common Market aspect of CARICOM into instead a Caribbean (CARICOM) Single Market and Economy. Part of the revised treaty among member states includes the establishment and implementation of the Caribbean Court of Justice.
The Battle of Nassau
(March 3–4, 1776) was a naval action and amphibious assault
forces against the British
port of Nassau, Bahamas
, during the American Revolutionary War
(also known as the American War of Independence). It is considered the first cruise and one of the first engagements of the newly established Continental Navy
and the Continental Marines
, the progenitors of the United States Navy
and Marine Corps
. The action was also the Marines' first amphibious landing. It is sometimes known as the Raid of Nassau
Departing from Cape Henlopen, Delaware, on February 17, 1776, the fleet arrived in the Bahamas on March 1, with the objective of seizing gunpowder and munitions that were known to be stored there. Two days later the marines went ashore and seized Fort Montagu at the eastern end of the Nassau harbor, but did not advance to the town, where the gunpowder was stored. That night, Nassau's governor had most of the gunpowder loaded aboard ships that then sailed for St. Augustine. On March 4, the colonial marines advanced and took control of the poorly-defended town.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.
(17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940) was a Jamaican political leader, publisher
, and orator
who was a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism
movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League
). He founded the Black Star Line
, part of the Back-to-Africa movement
, which promoted the return of the African diaspora
to their ancestral lands.
Prior to the twentieth century, leaders such as Prince Hall, Martin Delany, Edward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African philosophy to inspire a global mass movement and economic empowerment focusing on Africa known as Garveyism...
Antigua and Barbuda
for "ancient" and "bearded") is a twin-island nation
lying between the Caribbean Sea
and the Atlantic Ocean
. It consists of two major inhabited islands, Antigua
, and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands
and further south, the island of Redonda
). The permanent population number approximately 81,800 (at the 2011 Census) and the capital and largest port and city is St. John's
, on Antigua.
Separated by a few nautical miles, Antigua and Barbuda are in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 17 degrees north of the Equator. The country is nicknamed "Land of 365 Beaches" due to the many beaches surrounding the islands. Its governance, language, and culture have all been strongly influenced by the British Empire, of which the country was formerly a part.
Antigua was first settled by Archaic Age hunter-gatherer Amerindians, erroneously referred to as Siboney or Ciboney. Carbon-dating has established that the earliest settlements started around 3100 BC. They were succeeded by the Ceramic Age pre-Columbian Arawak-speaking Saladoid people who migrated from the lower Orinoco River...
Trafalgar Falls is, part of Morne Trois Pitons National Park in Dominica.
- ...that Haitian Creole is the most spoken language among CARICOM nationals with nearly 10 million speakers?
- ...that Queen Elizabeth is the Head of State of eleven of the 15 member states of the Caribbean Community?
- ...that the Treaty of Chaguaramas established the Caribbean Community and Common market?
- ...that the Prime Minister of Saint Lucia, Kenny Anthony, is the current chairman of CARICOM?
- ...that Spanish, despite not being an official language of any of CARICOM's member states, is a working language of the Caribbean Community?
Port of Spain, also written as Port-of-Spain, is the capital of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the country's third-largest municipality, after San Fernando and Chaguanas. The city has a municipal population of 49,031 (2000 census) and a transient daily population of 250,000.It is located on the Gulf of Paria, on the northwest coast of the island of Trinidad and is part of a larger conurbation stretching from Chaguaramas in the west to Arima in the east with an estimated population of 600,000.
Port of Spain is Trinidad and Tobago's most developed city. The city serves primarily as a retail and administrative centre and it has been the capital of the island since 1757. It is also an important financial services centre for the Caribbean and is home to two of the largest banks in the region.
The city is also home to the largest container port on the island and is one of several shipping hubs of the Caribbean, exporting both agricultural products and manufactured goods. Bauxite from the Guyanas and iron ore from Venezuela are trans-shipped via facilities at Chaguaramas, about five miles (8 km) west of the city. The pre-lenten Carnival is the city's main annual cultural festival and tourist attraction.
Today, Port of Spain is emerging as a leading city in the Caribbean region. Trinidad hosted the Fifth Summit of the Americas in 2009 whose guests included US President Barack Obama and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Port of Spain also hosted the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in 2009 and hosted a Commonwealth Business Forum in 2011.
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