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Chile

Flag of the Republic of Chile
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Chile
Location of Chile

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: About this sound República de Chile ), is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow coastal strip wedged between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific forms the country's entire western border, with Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage at the country's southernmost tip. Chile claims 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of territory in Antarctica.


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Puyehue and Cordón Caulle are two coalesced volcanic vents that form a major mountain massif in Puyehue National Park in the Andes of Ranco Province, Chile. In volcanology this group is known under the name of Puyehue-Cordón Caulle Volcanic Complex and hence also by the acronym PCCVC. Four different volcanoes constitute the volcanic group or complex, the Cordillera Nevada caldera, the Pliocene Mencheca volcano, Cordón Caulle fissure vents and the Puyehue stratovolcano. As with most stratovolcanoes on the Southern Volcanic Zone of the Andes Puyehue and Cordón Caulle are located along the intersection of a NW-SE fault with the larger N-S Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault. The volcanic complex has shaped the landscape around and produced a huge variery of volcanic landforms and products over the last 300 ka. Cinder cones, lava domes, calderas and maars can be found in the area apart from the widest variety of volcanic rocks in all the Southern Volcanic Zone and Chile, for example both MgO-rich basalts and rhyolites.

Apart from this, the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle area is one of the main sites of geothermal exploration in Chile. Geothermal activity is manifested on the surface of Puyehue and Cordón Caulle as several hot springs and geysers. Cordón Caulle is also notable for having erupted following the 9.5 Mw 1960 Valdivia earthquake the largest recorded earthquake in history.

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Salvador Isabelino Allende Gossens Spanish pronunciation: [salβaðor aʝεnde] (June 26, 1908 – September 11, 1973) was President of Chile from November 1970 until his death during the coup d'état of September 11, 1973.

Allende's career in Chilean government spanned nearly forty years. As a Socialist Party politician, he became a senator, deputy, cabinet minister and after failing in the 1952, 1958, and 1964 presidential elections, he was elected President in 1970.

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Huaso in a Chilean wheat field, 1940.

Did you know?

  • ...that Ojos del Salado is the highest mountain in Chile and the highest volcano in the world?
  • ...that the Chinchorro mummies are the oldest examples of mummified human remains, dating to thousands of years before the Egyptian mummies?

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  1. ^ Comisión aprueba HidroAysén pero exige medidas en favor de la zona
  2. ^ Al menos 30 detenidos deja nueva jornada de protestas contra HidroAysén en todo Chile
  3. ^ Associated Press (6 March 2011). "Magnitude-6.2 earthquake shakes northern Chile". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  4. ^ USGS (2 January 2011). "Magnitude 7.1 - Araucanía , Chile". Retrieved 8 March 2011.