Portal:Constructed languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Constructed languages portal

Welcome to the Wikiportal about Constructed languages!
Design conlang.png

A planned or constructed language — known colloquially or informally as a conlang — is a language whose phonology, grammar, and/or vocabulary have been consciously devised by an individual or group, instead of having evolved naturally. There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language: to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code); to bring fiction or an associated constructed world to life; linguistic experimentation; artistic creation; and language games.

The expression planned language is sometimes used to mean international auxiliary languages and other languages intended for actual use in human communication. Some prefer it to the more common terms "constructed", as that term may have pejorative connotations in some languages. Outside the Esperanto community, the term language planning means the prescriptions given to a natural language to standardize it; in this regard, even "natural languages" may be artificial in some respects. In the case of prescriptive grammars, where wholly artificial rules exist, the line is difficult to draw. The term "glossopoeia," coined by J. R. R. Tolkien, is also used to mean language construction, particularly construction of artistic languages.

Language of the month

Commemorative inscription for J. M. Schleyer on the wall of the parsonage in Litzelstetten, Constance, written in Volapük and German

Volapük (/ˈvɒləpʊk/ in English; [volaˈpyk] in Volapük) is a constructed language, created in 1879–1880 by Johann Martin Schleyer, a Roman Catholic priest in Baden, Germany. Schleyer felt that God had told him in a dream to create an international language. Volapük conventions took place in 1884 (Friedrichshafen), 1887 (Munich) and 1889 (Paris). The first two conventions used German, and the last conference used only Volapük. In 1889, there were an estimated 283 clubs, 25 periodicals in or about Volapük, and 316 textbooks in 25 languages; at that time the language claimed nearly a million adherents. Volapük was largely displaced in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by Esperanto and Ido.

Schleyer first published a sketch of Volapük in May 1879 in Sionsharfe, a Catholic poetry magazine of which he was editor. This was followed in 1880 by a full-length book in German. Schleyer himself did not write books on Volapük in other languages, but other authors soon did. Find out more...

Did you know...

...that Esperanto is the world's most widely spoken constructed language, with as many as 2 million speakers?
...that Brithenig is a language that shows how Vulgar Latin could have evolved if it had displaced Celtic in Great Britain?
...that Marc Okrand, who became famous as the creator of Klingon, also created the Atlantean language for the Disney film Atlantis: The Lost Empire?

Current events

New conlang wiki is growing and adding linguistic information for conlangers

Corresponding categories

Nuvola apps xmag.png

Projects

Conlangflag.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Constructed languages, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about constructed languages.

Things you can do


Here are some Constructed language tasks: Several articles about constructed languages have been deleted for lack of verifiability, independent resources or notability. If you think one of the following subjects meets Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, don't hesitate dig it up from the graveyard, but don't forget to add proper references:

Web resources

Cursor-design1-hand.svg

Conlang Profiles at Langmaker.com
Some Internet resources relating to constructed languages, by Richard Kennaway
UniLang.org
Conlang wiki

Articles

Constructed language types
Nuvola apps edu languages.png

A priori language, Artificial script, Artistic language, Constructed language, Controlled language, Engineered language, International auxiliary language, Language game, Logical language, Musical language, Oligosynthetic language, Pivot language, Relexification, Universal language, Whistled language, Zonal constructed languages

General language types

Agglutinative language, Analytic language, Inflectional language, Fusional language, Isolating language, Polysynthetic language, Synthetic language

See also: List of constructed languages, List of constructed scripts


International auxiliary languages
Esperanto flag

Languages: Adjuvilo, Afrihili, Babm, Basic English, Bolak (Blue Language), Communicationssprache, Dutton Speedwords, Esperanto, Esperanto II, Eurolengo, Euronord, Europanto, Folkspraak, Globish, Glosa, Idiom Neutral, Ido, Intal, Interglossa, Interlingua, Langue nouvelle, Latino sine flexione, Lingua Franca Nova, Lingua sistemfrater, Lojban, Mezhdunarodny Nauchny Yazyk, Mondial, Mundolinco, Nal Bino, Neo, Novial, Occidental, Pasilingua, Poliespo, Romániço, Romanid, Sambahsa, Slovianski, Slovio, Solresol, Sona, Spokil, Toki Pona, Tutonish, UNI, Universal, Universalglot, Universalspraket, Uropi, Volapük

Creators: Louis de Beaufront, Claudius Colas, Louis Couturat, René Descartes, Reginald J. G. Dutton, Alexander Gode, Otto Jespersen, Arie de Jong, Léopold Leau, Diego Marani, Charles Kay Ogden, Giuseppe Peano, Waldemar Rosenberger, Johann Martin Schleyer, Kenneth Searight, Petro Stojan, François Sudre, Edgar de Wahl, Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof

See also: Arcaicam Esperantom, Esperantido, Esperanto and Ido compared, Esperanto and Interlingua compared, Pan-Slavic language, Proto-Esperanto, Reformed Esperanto


Logical, philosophical, and engineered languages
Lojban logo

Languages: An Essay towards a Real Character and a Philosophical Language, aUI, Blissymbol, Ceqli, Characteristica universalis, CycL, Gibson Code, Ilaksh, Ithkuil, Kalaba-X, Láadan, Lincos, Loglan, Logopandecteision, Lojban, Loom, Ro

Creators: James Cooke Brown, George Dalgarno, Hans Freudenthal, Gottfried Leibniz, Francis Lodwick, Kenneth L. Pike, John Wilkins


Artistic and fictional languages
Quenya, written in Tengwar

Languages: Adûnaic, Aklo, Al Bhed, Alltongue, Asa'pili, Ascian, Atlantean, Aulëan, Babel-17, Balaibalan, Barmoodan, Baronh, Barsoomian, Black Speech, Brithenig, Chakobsa, Chorukor, Cirquish, Darkovan, D'ni, Doriathrin, Dothraki, Drac, Dritok, Enchanta, Enochian, Galach, Gargish, Gippog, Gnommish, Goa'uld, Huttese, Interlac, Iotic, Kēlen, Khuzdul, Klingon, Klingonaase, Koalang, Ku, The Languages of Pao, Lapine, The Lexicon of Comicana, Lingua Ignota, Linguacode, Loxian, Mandalorian, Mangani, Marain, Mänti, Mezangelle, Moss, Nadsat, Na'vi, Newspeak, Old Tongue, Pravic, Ptydepe, Quenya, Rihannsu, Sarus, Shyriiwook, Simlish, Sindarin, Speedtalk, Spocanian, Starckdeutsch, Stark, Starsza Mowa, Strine, Talossan, Telerin, Teonaht, The Speech, Tho Fan, Transpiranto, Tsolyáni, Utopian, Vendergood, Verdurian, Wenedyk, Zaum

Scripts: Aurebesh, Cirth, Tengwar

Creators: Richard Adams, Anthony Burgess, Sally Caves, Samuel R. Delany, Diane Duane, Suzette Haden Elgin, Václav Havel, Frank Herbert, Hergé, Ursula K. Le Guin, Barry B. Longyear, Morioka Hiroyuki, George Orwell, Marc Okrand, Mark Rosenfelder, David Salo, J. R. R. Tolkien, Christian Vander, Xul Solar, Marion Zimmer Bradley

See also: Alien language, Codex Seraphinianus, Elvish languages, False writing system, Languages in Star Wars, Languages of Arda, Languages of Middle-earth, North Slavic languages


Constructed languages for special uses

Languages: Boontling, Damin, Eskayan, Gestuno, High Icelandic, Iazychie, Kesen dialect, Nuwaubic, Polari, Tadoma, Timerio, Yerkish

See also: Voynich manuscript


Constructed writing systems for natural languages
Nuvola apps ksig.png

Writing systems: Cherokee syllabary, Cree syllabics, Deseret alphabet, Hangul, Landsmål, Nynorsk, Shavian alphabet

Creators: Ivar Aasen, James Evans, William Fulco, Ronald Kingsley Read, Heinrich Schmid, Sequoyah


Organizations and regulating bodies

Akademio de Esperanto, Centre de documentation et d'étude sur la langue internationale, Comità per l'Útzil del Glheþ, Department of Planned Languages and Esperanto Museum, International Auxiliary Language Association, International Volapük Academy, Klingon Language Institute, Language Creation Conference, Language Creation Society, Logical Language Group, Uniono por la Linguo Internaciona Ido


Miscellaneous

A Secret Vice, Conlanger, Ill Bethisad, ISO, SIL, and BCP language codes for constructed languages, Langmaker, Language planning, Language reform, Zompist.com

Wikipedia in constructed languages

Associated Wikimedia

Constructed languages on Wikinews
News
Constructed languages on Wikiquote
Quotes
Constructed languages on Wikibooks
Manuals & Texts
Constructed languages on Wikisource
Texts
Constructed languages on Wikicommons
Images

Purge server cache