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Wikipedia's contents: History and events

A depiction of the ancient Library of Alexandria.
History is the interpretation of past events, societies and civilizations. The term history comes from the Greek historia (ἱστορία), "an account of one's inquiries," and shares that etymology with the English word story as narrative. The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica stated that "history in the wider sense is all that has happened, not merely all the phenomena of human life, but those of the natural world as well. It is everything that undergoes change; and as modern science has shown that there is nothing absolutely static, therefore, the whole universe, and every part of it, has its history."
History and events: OverviewListsOutlinesPortalsCategoriesGlossariesIndexes

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P literature.svg Overview   (see for all subject areas)

History by region – Ancient Egypt • Ancient Greece • Ancient Rome • History of China • History of the Middle East • History of Mesoamerica • History of India

History by continent – Africa • The Americas • Antarctica • Asia • Australia • Eurasia • Europe • North America • Oceania • South America

List of time periods Prehistory • Protohistory • Ancient history • Modern history • Future history

The Ages of history – Stone Age • Copper Age • Bronze Age • Iron Age • Dark Ages (historiography) • Middle Ages • Age of Discovery • Renaissance • Age of Enlightenment • Industrial Age • Space Age • Information Age

History by subject

Cultural history Money • Sport
History of art Dance • Film • Music • Painting • Theatre
History of philosophy Ancient • Medieval • Modern • Contemporary
History of logic
History of science Theories/sociology • Historiography • Mathematics • Pseudoscience • Scientific method
History of the natural sciencesAstronomy • Biology • Chemistry • Ecology • Geography • Physics • Geology
History of the social sciencesAnthropology • Economics • Education • Geography • Linguistics • Political science • Psychology • Sociology
History of science by era In early cultures • In Classical Antiquity • In the Middle Ages • In the Renaissance • Scientific Revolution
History of technology Agriculture & agricultural science • Architecture • Biotechnology • Chemical engineering • Communication • Computing (Computer science, Software engineering) • Electrical engineering • Invention • Materials science • Measurement • Medicine • Military technology • Transport

History

General: Archeological sites (By country, By continent and age) • Civil wars • Cyclones • Extinct states • Famous deaths by cause • Guerrilla movements • Historians (by subfield) • Historical anniversaries • Historical sites • Inventors killed by their own inventions • Missing treasure • Roman sites (UK) • World records in chess
Time periods: On this day (April 20) • Months • This Year (2014) • By decade • By century

Timelines of events

By chronology: Big Bang • Ancient Mesopotamia • Ancient Greece • Rome • Roman Republic • Roman Empire • French Revolution • World War I • World War II (Evacuations)  • Space Race • Cold War
By event type: Battles • Coups d'état and coup attempts • Disasters (By death toll) • Earthquakes • Epidemics • Famous speeches • Fires • Foreign policy doctrines • Helicopter prison escapes • Invasions • Inventions • Industrial disasters •Judgments of the Constitutional Court of South Africa • Kidnappings • Massacres • Military disasters • Musical events • Military operations • Natural disasters • Nobel Prizes • Nuclear accidents • Power outages • Recessions • Revolutions and rebellions • Riots • Roman Governorships of Britain • Scientific discoveries • Sieges • Space Shuttle missions • Strikes • Tariffs • Terrorism • Ticker-tape parades in New York City • Treaties • United States Supreme Court cases • UN peacekeeping missions • Wars
By field: Agriculture • Archaeology • Architecture • Art • Aviation • Biology • Chemistry • Communication • Computing • Evolution • Film • Geography • Human evolution • Invention • Literature • Mathematics • Medicine • Meteorology • Photography • Physics • Poetry • Psychology • Science • Scientific discoveries • Scientific experiments • Scientific thought • Scientific method • Sociology • Transport

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P literature.svg Outlines   (see for all subject areas)

History – records of past events and the way things were. It is also a field responsible for the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about the past.

  • History, by period (See also Timeline of world history)
    • Prehistory – events occurring before recorded history (that is, before written records).
    • Ancient history – from ≈3350 BCE to ≈500 CE
      • Classical antiquity – long period of cultural history in the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the Greco-Roman world.
        • Ancient Greece – period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages (ca. 1100 BC) to 146 BC and the Roman conquest of Greece. It was the seminal culture which provided the foundation of Western civilization.
        • Ancient Rome – civilization that started on the Italian Peninsula and lasted from as early as the 10th century BC to the 5th century AD. Over centuries it shifted from a monarchy to a republic to an empire which dominated South-Western Europe, South-Eastern Europe/Balkans and the Mediterranean region.
        • Classical architecture
      • Ancient India
    • Middle Ages (Medieval history)– historical period following the Iron Age, fully underway by the 5th century and lasting to the 15th century and preceding the early Modern Era. It is the middle period in a three-period division of history: Classic, Medieval, and Modern.
    • Renaissance – cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. It encompassed a flowering of literature, science, art, religion, and politics, and gradual but widespread educational reform.
    • Early modern history – from 1500 to 1899
    • Modern history – since 1900.
    • Globalization – from ancient times to the present




  1. ^ "Chronology". Digital Egypt for Universities, University College London. Retrieved 25 March 2008. 
  2. ^ Halsall, Paul (1995). "Byzantium". Fordham University. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  3. ^ Millar 2006, pp. 2, 15; James 2010, p. 5: "But from the start, there were two major differences between the Roman and Byzantine empires: Byzantium was for much of its life a Greek-speaking empire oriented towards Greek, not Latin culture; and it was a Christian empire."
  4. ^ Dunnigan, James; Albert Nofi. Dirty Little Secrets of World War II: Military Information No One Told You About the Greatest, Most Terrible War in History, William Morrow & Company, 1994. ISBN 0-688-12235-3
  5. ^ DoD 1998
  6. ^ Lawrence 2009, p. 20
  7. ^ James Olson and Randy Roberts, Where the Domino Fell: America and Vietnam, 1945–1990, p. 67 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991).
  8. ^ Origins of the Insurgency in South Vietnam, 1954–1960, The Pentagon Papers (Gravel Edition), Volume 1, Chapter 5, (Boston: Beacon Press, 1971), Section 3, pp. 314–346; International Relations Department, Mount Holyoke College.
  9. ^ Due to the early presence of American troops in Vietnam the start date of the Vietnam War is a grey zone. In 1998 after a high level review by the Department of Defense (DoD) and through the efforts of Richard B. Fitzgibbon's family the start date of the Vietnam War was changed to 1 November 1955.[5] U.S. government reports currently cite 1 November 1955, as the commencement date of the “Vietnam Conflict,” for this was the day when the U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) in Indochina (deployed to Southeast Asia under President Truman), was reorganized into country-specific units and MAAG Vietnam was established. So on 1 November 1955 a Vietnamese MAAG was created.[6] Other start dates include when Hanoi authorized Viet Cong forces in South Vietnam to begin a low level insurgency in December 1956.[7] Whereas some view 26 September 1959 when the first battle occurred between the Communist and South Vietnamese army.[8]
  10. ^ "Vietnam War". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 5 March 2008. "Meanwhile, the United States, its military demoralized and its civilian electorate deeply divided, began a process of coming to terms with defeat in its longest and most controversial war" 

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C Puzzle.png Categories   (see for all subject areas)

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P literature.svg Glossaries   (see for all subject areas)

Main index: History
See also: History of present-day nations and states

By period:

Classical antiquity • Medieval history (Middle Ages) • Renaissance
Wars:
World War II:
0-9  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

By region:

Historical states
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian mythology
Baekje
Byzantine Empire
East Germany
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