Portal:Cricket

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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket
A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman
during a game of cricket.

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on an oval-shaped field, usually between 150 and 200 yards in diameter, at the centre of which lies a 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible, while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings. In professional cricket, the length of a game ranges from 20 overs of six bowling deliveries per side to Test cricket played over five days. The Laws of Cricket are maintained by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) with additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches ("Tests") and One Day Internationals (ODIs).

Cricket was first played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed into the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. The ICC, the game's governing body, has ten full members. The game is popular in Australasia, the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies, Southern Africa and England.

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A caricature of Martin Hawke, 7th Baron Hawke

The Yorkshire captaincy affair of 1927 arose from a disagreement among members of Yorkshire County Cricket Club over whether a professional cricketer should be appointed as the team captain. It was a tradition throughout English county cricket that captains should be amateurs. At Yorkshire, a succession of amateur captains held office in the 1920s, on the grounds of their supposed leadership qualities, although none were worth their place in the team as cricketers. The Yorkshire committee, prompted by the influential county president, Lord Hawke, approached Herbert Sutcliffe, one of the side's leading professionals. After Sutcliffe's provisional acceptance of the captaincy, controversy arose. Some Yorkshire members objected to the appointment because Sutcliffe was not an amateur; others felt that Wilfred Rhodes, the team's senior professional, should have been asked. When Sutcliffe became aware of the furore, he withdrew his acceptance. No offer was made to Rhodes, and the county subsequently appointed amateur William Worsley as captain; he had little personal success and lasted just two seasons.

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A triple century (an individual score of 300 or more) in Test cricket has been scored on 26 occasions by 22 different batsmen from seven of the ten Test-cricket playing nations. No player from Bangladesh, New Zealand or Zimbabwe has scored 300, although Martin Crowe of New Zealand was dismissed for 299 in a match against Sri Lanka in 1991.

The first Test triple century was achieved by Andy Sandham of England against the West Indies in 1930 in the first Test series hosted in the West Indies. The quickest Test triple-century was scored in 4 hours 48 minutes, by Wally Hammond for England against New Zealand at Auckland in 1932–33. The fastest Test triple-century by number of balls faced, where that figure is recorded, is Virender Sehwag's 278-ball triple century for India against South Africa in the first Test of the Future Cup in Chennai in 2008.

Brian Lara and Chris Gayle of the West Indies, Donald Bradman of Australia and Virender Sehwag of India are the only batsmen to reach 300 more than once. Lara's 400 not out against England in 2004, his second Test triple-century, is the highest score in Test cricket and the only instance of a Test quadruple century; Lara is also the only player to have surpassed 350 twice. Bradman also scored 299 not out against South Africa in 1932. Sehwag also reached 290 on one other occasion: he scored 293 off 254 balls in the third Test between Sri Lanka and India in December 2009. (Full list...)


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Cricket fielding positions2.svg

Names of the various fielding positions in cricket.
Image credit: Miljoshi


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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.

ICC Test Championship
Rank Change Team Matches Points Rating
1 Steady  South Africa 27 3353 124
2 Steady  Australia 35 4088 117
3 Increase  Pakistan 26 2718 105
4 Decrease  England 39 4063 104
5 Decrease  Sri Lanka 31 3126 101
6 Decrease  India 29 2793 96
7 Steady  New Zealand 30 2787 93
8 Steady  West Indies 26 1962 75
9 Increase  Bangladesh 21 676 32
10 Decrease  Zimbabwe 13 228 18
Reference: ICC Rankings, 16 November 2014
ICC ODI Championship
Rank Change Team Matches Points Rating
1 Increase  Australia 48 5623 117
2 Decrease  India 67 7835 117
3 Decrease  South Africa 50 5587 112
4 Decrease  Sri Lanka 71 7726 109
5 Decrease  England 47 4921 105
6 Steady  Pakistan 53 5184 98
7 Steady  New Zealand 33 3158 96
8 Steady  West Indies 46 4395 96
9 Increase  Bangladesh 33 2466 75
10 Steady  Zimbabwe 36 1893 53
11 Steady  Afghanistan 13 550 42
12 Steady  Ireland 9 297 33
Reference: ICC Rankings, 2 December 2014
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Change Team Matches Points Rating
1 Steady  Sri Lanka 23 3006 131
2 Steady  India 16 2009 126
3 Steady  Pakistan 28 3417 122
4 Steady  South Africa 26 3076 118
5 Steady  Australia 26 3041 117
6 Increase  West Indies 25 2742 110
7 Decrease  New Zealand 23 2485 108
8 Steady  England 25 2481 99
9 Steady  Ireland 12 1046 87
10 Steady  Bangladesh 16 1147 72
11 Steady  Netherlands 14 951 68
12 Steady  Afghanistan 12 743 62
13 Steady  Zimbabwe 11 573 52
14 Steady  Scotland 10 512 51
Insufficient matches
- Steady  Hong Kong 4 203 51
- Steady    Nepal 4 170 43
- Steady  United Arab Emirates 3 0 0
Reference: ICC Rankings, 4 December 2014

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Featured articles (78)
Article Date promoted Featured on main page Notes
Featured article A. E. J. Collins 7 February 2005 23 August 2005
Featured article Bodyline 10 December 2006 7 February 2005 First promoted 19 January 2004, demoted 4 December 2006
Featured article West Indian cricket team in England in 1988 22 February 2007 7 May 2008
Featured article Cricket World Cup 22 February 2007 13 March 2007
Featured article Paul Collingwood 3 March 2007
Featured article Harbhajan Singh 9 March 2007 17 September 2009
Featured article Adam Gilchrist 15 March 2007 28 April 2007
Featured article Bart King 7 May 2007 19 October 2013
Featured article Bill O'Reilly (cricketer) 22 May 2007 20 December 2010
Featured article Charlie Macartney 23 October 2007 25 March 2012
Featured article Ian Chappell 22 May 2007
Featured article Marcus Trescothick 26 November 2007
Featured article Arthur Morris 26 November 2007
Featured article Sid Barnes 7 January 2008 23 January 2010
Featured article Archie Jackson 21 January 2008 5 September 2009
Featured article Clem Hill 24 March 2008 19 December 2008
Featured article Ernie Toshack 27 March 2008
Featured article Don Tallon 1 April 2008 1 August 2009
Featured article Ian Craig 15 April 2008
Featured article Hugh Trumble 10 May 2008
Featured article Jack Marsh 22 May 2008
Featured article Harry Trott 25 June 2008
Featured article Donald Bradman 28 June 2008 27 August 2008
Featured article Ian Johnson (cricketer) 25 July 2008
Featured article Bill Brown (cricketer) 12 September 2008
Featured article Donald Bradman with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 7 March 2009
Featured article Early life of Keith Miller 20 June 2009
Featured article Bill Ponsford 20 June 2009 10 April 2010
Featured article John the bookmaker controversy 30 June 2009
Featured article Ron Hamence with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 14 July 2009
Featured article Doug Ring with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 5 August 2009
Featured article Keith Johnson (cricket administrator) 18 August 2009
Featured article Ernie Toshack with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 1 September 2009
Featured article Neil Harvey with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 1 September 2009
Featured article Sam Loxton with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 27 September 2009
Featured article Brian Booth 3 October 2009
Featured article Sydney Riot of 1879 6 October 2009 8 February 2006 First promoted 7 June 2005, demoted 3 January 2007
Featured article Lindsay Hassett with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 20 October 2009
Featured article Fifth Test, 1948 Ashes series 27 October 2009
Featured article Fourth Test, 1948 Ashes series 3 December 2009
Featured article Third Test, 1948 Ashes series 12 January 2010
Featured article Second Test, 1948 Ashes series 30 January 2010
Featured article Sam Loxton 12 February 2010
Featured article First Test, 1948 Ashes series 14 April 2010
Featured article Keith Miller in the 1946–47 Australian cricket season 9 May 2010
Featured article Wilfred Rhodes 9 May 2010
Featured article Keith Miller with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 28 May 2010
Featured article Douglas Jardine 14 April 2010 26 July 2010
Featured article Montague Druitt 27 July 2010
Featured article Wally Hammond 7 August 2010
Featured article Yorkshire captaincy affair of 1927 25 August 2010 11 June 2012
Featured article Ian Meckiff 7 September 2010
Featured article Ray Lindwall with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 24 September 2010
Featured article Roy Kilner 30 September 2010
Featured article Sid Barnes with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 10 October 2010
Featured article George Macaulay 20 October 2010
Featured article Bernard Bosanquet (cricketer) 4 January 2011 13 October 2012
Featured article Adelaide leak 8 February 2011 14 January 2013
Featured article Herbie Hewett 5 March 2011
Featured article George Headley 6 May 2011
Featured article George Hirst 27 September 2011
Featured article Jonathan Agnew 11 February 2012
Featured article Len Hutton 28 February 2012
Featured article Hedley Verity 26 April 2012
Featured article Arthur Mold 29 June 2012
Featured article Learie Constantine 30 August 2012
Featured article Somerset County Cricket Club in 2009 28 September 2012
Featured article Percy Chapman 16 October 2012
Featured article Arthur Gilligan 2 December 2012
Featured article Harold Larwood 6 December 2012
Featured article Neville Cardus 23 January 2013
Featured article Percy Fender 5 February 2013 28 May 2013
Featured article Leg before wicket 6 April 2013 10 July 2013
Featured article Jack Hobbs 26 May 2013
Featured article Archie MacLaren 23 July 2013
Featured article Maurice Leyland 9 November 2013
Featured article Lionel Palairet 21 November 2013
Former Featured articles
Article Date promoted Featured on main page Notes
Former featured article Cricket 19 September 2004 Promoted 2 September 2004, demoted 25 September 2008
Former featured article Samuel Beckett 13 April 2006 Promoted 25 September 2004, demoted 25 June 2009
Former featured article History of Test cricket from 1877 to 1883 Promoted 11 February 2005, demoted 2 November 2008
Former featured article Brian Close 12 May 2005 Promoted 23 March 2005, demoted 7 July 2008
Former featured article History of Test cricket from 1884 to 1889 22 January 2006 Promoted 27 March 2005, demoted 19 September 2008
Former featured article The Ashes 21 July 2005 Promoted 23 June 2005, demoted 4 December 2007
Former featured article Kevin Pietersen 8 July 2009 Promoted 10 June 2007, demoted 23 August 2013