Portal:Crimea

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Location of Crimea in Europe.
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The Crimean peninsula (Crimean Tatar: Qırım yarımadası, Russian: Крымский полуостров, Ukrainian: Кримський півострів; historically also the Tauric peninsula), also known as simply Crimea, is a major land mass on the northern coast of the Black Sea that is almost completely surrounded by water. The peninsula is located just south of the Ukrainian mainland and west of the Russian region of Kuban. It is surrounded by two seas: the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the east. It is connected with the Ukrainian mainland by the Isthmus of Perekop and is separated from Kuban by the Strait of Kerch. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast; a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov.

Since antiquity the peninsula has changed hands numerous times, with all or part having been controlled by Cimmerians, Bulgars, Greeks, Scythians, Romans, Goths, Huns, Khazars, Kievan Rus', the Byzantine Empire, Venice, Genoa, Kipchaks, the Golden Horde, the Ottoman Empire, the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, Germany, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation.



The political status of Crimea is the subject of a political and territorial dispute between Ukraine, that since its independence and until its last revolution possessed the peninsula, and Russia, that controls Crimea since the 2014 Crimean crisis. The Supreme Council of Crimea and the Sevastopol City Council declared independence in March 11 and acceded to Russia in March 18. Since March 21, 2014 Russia claims Crimea as a part of its territory. As of March 24, only a handful of UN states (except Russia itself) recognized the transfer of sovereignty over Crimea to Russia, but the reaction of the international community to Crimea's incorporation to Russia is overwhelmingly negative.[citation needed]



 
 
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Location of Yalta on the map of Crimea.

Yalta is a city in Crimea on the north coast of the Black Sea. The city is located on the site of an ancient Greek colony, said to have been founded by Greek sailors who were looking for a safe shore (γιαλος - yalos in Greek) on which to land. It is situated on a shallow bay facing south towards the Black Sea, surrounded by wooded mountains. It enjoys a warm Mediterranean climate with many vineyards and orchards in the vicinity.

The term "Great Yalta" is used to designate a part of the Crimean southern coast spanning from Foros in the west to Gurzuf in the east and including the city of Yalta and multiple adjacent urban settlements (the area of Great Yalta is marked dark blue on the map).




 
 
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Facade of the Livadia Palace.

Livadia Palace was a summer retreat of the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, and his family in Livadiya, Crimea in southern Ukraine. The Yalta Conference was held there in 1945, when the palace housed the apartments of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and other members of the American delegation.




 
 
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Proposal №2 for the Flag of Crimea – White flag with seven rainbow colors at the top.


 
 
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Icona Main topics
History Bosporan KingdomScythiaKipchaksGothsKhazarsCrimean campaignsCrimean KhanateCrimean WarAnti-NATO protests •  ...
Religion History of ChristianityUkrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)Ukrainian Greek Catholic ChurchRoman Catholicism in UkraineUkrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev PatriarchateUkrainian Autocephalous Orthodox ChurchIslam in UkraineJudaism in Ukraine ...
Subdivisions List of raionsList of citiesList of urban-type settlements •  ...
Geography Arabat SpitBay of ArabatCrimean MountainsPerekop IsthmusAzov SeaKerch StraitSyvashVyalova cave system •  ...
Economy Crimea AirCrimean Trolleybus •  ...
Demographics Crimean Tatar languageKrymchak languageCrimean TatarsKrymchaksCrimean Karaites •  ...
Culture

Coat of armsFamous Crimean TatarsCrimean khansFlagNational football team •  ...


 
 
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