Portal:Fascism

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The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people through national identity. The unity of the nation is to be based upon suprapersonal connections of ancestry and culture through a totalitarian state that seeks the mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, indoctrination, physical training, and eugenics. Fascism seeks to eradicate perceived foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture.

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Adolf Hitler, writer of "Mein Kampf", in the early 1920s
Mein Kampf (English: My Struggle) is a book by Adolf Hitler (pictured). It combines elements of autobiography, an exposition of Hitler's political ideology, and a history of the early Nazi movement. Volume 1 of Mein Kampf was published in 1925 and Volume 2 in 1926. Hitler began the dictation of the book while imprisoned for the Beer Hall Putsch in November 1923. Though Hitler received many visitors earlier on, he soon devoted himself entirely to the book. Once released from prison on 20 December 1924, Hitler moved back to the picturesque mountainous climes of the Obersalzberg. While he was in power (1933–45), Mein Kampf became available in three common editions: the first, the Volksausgabe or People's Edition; the Hochzeitsausgabe, or Wedding Edition, and; the Tornister-Ausgabe. A special edition, known as the Jubiläumsausgabe, or Anniversary Issue, was published in 1939 in honor of Hitler's 50th birthday. The book could also be purchased as a two-volume set during Hitler's reign, and was available in soft cover and hardcover. Mein Kampf is known as a work of Nazi propaganda that promotes nationalism, militarism, anticommunism, and anti-Semitism, and today is censored in many countries.

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Benito Mussolini

Members of the Italian National Fascist Party (PNF) during the March on Rome in 1922. The man in he centre wearing the suit with his hands against his chest is Fascist Duce Benito Mussolini. Italian Fascist forces had seized control of several Italian cities and threatened to violently overthrow the government of Prime Minister Luigi Facta if Facta and his government did not immediately resign. The March resulted in the King of Italy accepting the Fascists demands by dismissing Facta and appointing Mussolini as Prime Minister of what was then a coalition government where only a small minority were Fascists. Within several years Mussolini vastly increased the power of the Fascists, by 1926 he dismissed the Italian parliament and became an effective dictator, ruling by decree under the official sanctioning of the King, and the Fascist Party became a state institution with Fascist symbolism being included in state symbols. By 1928 Italy officially became a single party state led by the Fascist Party.

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Bottecchia in the 1920s.

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Frederick Augustus Voigt
Frederick Augustus Voigt, Unto Cæsar, 1939

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News

  • 7 July 2009: Scotland Yard voices fears of a terrorist attack from the far right.[1]
  • 3 July 2009: A German court declares 89-year-old John Demjanjuk fit to stand trial.[2]
  • 28 June 2009: On Croatia's national anti-fascism day, President Stjepan Mesić delivers a warning about the rise in sympathy for the Ustasha state.[3]
  • 27 June 2009: Nine former Nazi SS officers are sentenced to life imprisonment for a World War II massacre in Italy.[4]
  • 17 June 2009: Michela Vittoria Brambilla, the tourism minister of Italy, is accused of delivering a Roman salute.[5]
  • 15 June 2009: The Italian National Guard, a vigilante group set to begin foot patrols in Northern Italy, causes controversy when it unveils its uniform in Milan, which is seen as similar to that of the blackshirts.[6]

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