Portal:Fascism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Fascism Portal

Shortcut:
The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people through national identity. The unity of the nation is to be based upon suprapersonal connections of ancestry and culture through a totalitarian state that seeks the mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, indoctrination, physical training, and eugenics. Fascism seeks to eradicate perceived foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture.

Selected article

Brazilian Integralism election poster from 1937
Brazilian Integralism (Portuguese: Integralismo brasileiro) was a Brazilian political movement created in October 1932. Founded and led by Plínio Salgado, a literary figure who was relatively famous during the 1922 Modern Art Week, the movement had adopted some characteristics of European mass movements of those times, specifically of the Italian fascism, but differentiating itself from some forms of fascism in that Salgado did not preach racism (they even had as their slogan: "Union of all races and all people"). The name of the party was Ação Integralista Brasileira (AIB, Brazilian Integralist Action); the reference to Integralism mirrored the choice of name for a traditionalist movement in Portugal, Integralismo Lusitano. For its symbol, the AIB used a flag with a white disk on a royal blue background, with an uppercase sigma (Σ) in its center.

Selected image

Libyan rebel leader Omar Muktar under arrest by Italian colonial forces in Libya.

Cyrenaican rebel leader Omar Mukhtar (the man in robes with a chain on his left arm) after his arrest by Italian armed forces in 1931 at the end of the Pacification of Libya, an Italian colonial campaign of repressing indigeneous Libyan resistance to Italian colonial rule that occurred from 1928 to 1932. Fascist Italy authorized the use of concentration camps, deliberate targetting of civilians, and ethnic cleansing, resulting in mass deaths of the population of the region of Cyrenaica in Libya. Fascist Italy's ethnic cleansing in Libya was aimed at allowing Italian settlers to take the territories and property formerly held by indigenous Libyans.

Did you know...

RFP (Russian Fascist Party) Blackshirts at Harbin Station, 1934

Selected quote

Leon Trotsky
In all the countries where fascism became victorious, we had, before the growth of fascism and its victory, a wave of radicalism of the masses—of the workers and the poorer peasants and farmers, and of the petty bourgeois class. In Italy, after the war and before 1922, we had a revolutionary wave of tremendous dimensions; the state was paralyzed, the police did not exist, the trade unions could do anything they wanted—but there was not party capable of taking the power. As a reaction came fascism. In Germany, the same. We had a revolutionary situation in 1918; the bourgeois class did not even ask to participate in the power. The social democrats paralyzed the revolution. Then the workers tried again in 1922-23-24. This was the time of the bankruptcy of the Communist Party—all of which we have gone into before. Then in 1929-30-31, the German workers began again a new revolutionary wave. There was a tremendous power in the Communists and in the trade unions, but then came the famous policy (on the part of the Stalinist movement) of social fascism, a policy invented to paralyze the working class. Only after these three tremendous waves did fascism become a big movement. There are no exceptions to this rule—fascism comes only when the working class shows complete incapacity to take into its own hands the fate of society.
Leon Trotsky, "FASCISM: What is it and how to fight it"

Things you can do

Things you can do Thank you for your interest in improving the coverage of fascism on Wikipedia!

  • If you would like to help maintain the fascism portal, a list of tasks needing attention is maintained on its talk page.
  • You are also invited to visit WikiProject Fascism, a work group organizing the collective effort to improve fascism's coverage on Wikipedia! If you are interested in joining it, please add your details to the list of participants.

News

  • 7 July 2009: Scotland Yard voices fears of a terrorist attack from the far right.[1]
  • 3 July 2009: A German court declares 89-year-old John Demjanjuk fit to stand trial.[2]
  • 28 June 2009: On Croatia's national anti-fascism day, President Stjepan Mesić delivers a warning about the rise in sympathy for the Ustasha state.[3]
  • 27 June 2009: Nine former Nazi SS officers are sentenced to life imprisonment for a World War II massacre in Italy.[4]
  • 17 June 2009: Michela Vittoria Brambilla, the tourism minister of Italy, is accused of delivering a Roman salute.[5]
  • 15 June 2009: The Italian National Guard, a vigilante group set to begin foot patrols in Northern Italy, causes controversy when it unveils its uniform in Milan, which is seen as similar to that of the blackshirts.[6]

Categories

WikiProjects

Templates

Topics

Related featured content

Featured article star.png

Featured articles: Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany · Albert Speer · Anne Frank · Anschluss · Axis naval activity in Australian waters · Battle of Greece · Battle of Moscow · Battle of Smolensk (1943) · Bert Trautmann · Blitzkrieg · Enigma machine · Franklin D. Roosevelt · Heinrich Bär · IG Farben Building · Invasion of Poland (1939) · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Night of the Long Knives · Operation Varsity · Pope Pius XII · Rudolf Wolters · Sino-German cooperation until 1941 · Triumph of the Will · Walter Model

Featured lists: List of German World War II jet aces · List of Knight's Cross recipients · List of foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the Kriegsmarine · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the Schnellboot service · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the U-boat service

Featured portals: Politics · World War II

Featured pictures: Buchenwald concentration camp · Crying Sudeten woman saluting · Hitler and Mussolini · Hitler and Mussolini by Eva Braun · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Nazi campaign poster · Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Manuals and books Images and media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database
Purge server cache