Portal:Finger Lakes

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The Finger Lakes Portal

Map of the Finger Lakes region

Map of the Finger Lakes region

The Finger Lakes are a chain of lakes in the west-central section of Upstate New York that are a popular tourist destination. The lakes mainly are linear in shape, each lake oriented on a north-south axis. The longest, Cayuga Lake and Seneca Lake, are among the deepest in America. Both are close to 40 miles (64 km) from end to end, but never more than 3.5 miles (5,600 m) wide. Cayuga is the longest with 38 miles (61 km), but Seneca the largest in total area. Seneca is the deepest (618 feet, 188 m), followed by Cayuga (435 feet, 132 m), with the bottoms well below sea level. These largest lakes resemble the others in shape, which collectively reminded early map-makers of the fingers of a hand.

The fourteen lakes located in the Finger Lakes region are: Seneca, Canandaigua, Skaneateles, Owasco, Otisco, Cayuga, Conesus, Honeoye, Hemlock, Canadice, Keuka, Oneida, Cazenovia, and Onondaga. The following counties of New York State make up the Finger Lakes region: Seneca, Cayuga, Cortland, Livingston, Monroe, Onondaga, Ontario, Oswego, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tompkins, Wayne, and Yates.

Finger Lakes cities and larger villages are situated at the head and foot of most major lakes: Skaneateles, Auburn, Ithaca, Geneva, Watkins Glen, Penn Yan, Hammondsport and Canandaigua. These historic communities with scenic situations all are tourist destinations, as is the village of Aurora, which is situated on the east shore of Cayuga Lake, and Naples, located about five miles south of Canandaigua Lake.

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New York State Route 174
New York State Route 174 (also known as NY 174) is a state highway in the county of Onondaga, located in Central New York. The highway is 16.70 miles (26.88 km) long and passes through mostly rural regions. Route 174 begins at an intersection with New York State Route 41 in Borodino, a hamlet of Spafford. It heads northward for most of its length, except for short distances in the villages of Marcellus and Camillus. The route ends at a junction with New York State Route 5 west of Camillus, at the west end of the Route 5 Camillus bypass. The road was first laid out in the early 19th century following the path of Nine Mile Creek, which connected several early settlements in Central New York. The northern half of the route, between the villages of Marcellus and Camillus, was later improved as a plank road in 1855 by a private corporation that collected tolls from travelers on the road. The state took over the maintenance of the road by the beginning of the 20th century. The former plank road and an extension south to Otisco Lake and southwest to Skaneateles Lake was first designated as Route 174 in the 1930 state highway renumbering. Since then, several minor realignments have been made in the areas of the villages of Marcellus and Camillus to accommodate newly built bypasses.

Selected attraction

Letchworth State Park
Letchworth State Park is a New York state park located 35 miles (56 km) south of Rochester, New York. The park is roughly 17 miles (24 km) long, covering 14,350 acres (22.42 square miles or 58.07 km²) of land along the Genesee River. Within the park there are three large waterfalls on the river and perhaps as many as 50 waterfalls found on tributaries that flow into it; the gorge formed by the river, with rock walls rising up to 550 feet (170 m) in places and which narrow to 400 feet (120 m) across above the middle of the three falls, prompted the area's reputation as the "Grand Canyon of the East". The three major waterfalls — called the Upper, Middle, and Lower Falls — are located in Portage Canyon, the southern section of the park. The Seneca nation called the land around this canyon "Seh-ga-hun-da", the "Vale of the three falls"; the Middle Fall ("Ska-ga-dee") was believed to be so wondrous it made the sun stop at midday.

Selected picture

Broad Street Bridge, Rochester
Credit: Andreas F. Borchert

The Broad Street Bridge in Rochester, New York. The lower deck once carried the Erie Canal over the Genesee River, and later it was part of the Rochester Subway.

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Selected lake

Honeoye Falls
Honeoye Lake is one of the Finger Lakes of New York State in the USA. The lake is in Ontario County. Honeoye is an Iroquois word translated "a lying finger," or "where the finger lies." Most of the lake is within the Hamlet of Honeoye, New York (which is part of the town of Richmond) & Richmond, New York proper, but a smaller southwestern part is in the town of Canadice. Honeoye Lake is considered one of the minor Finger Lakes and is located to the west of the major lakes. To its west are other minor Finger Lakes: Conesus Lake, Hemlock Lake, and Canadice Lake. As with the other Finger Lakes, Honeoye Lake was created by the advance and subsequent melting of continental glaciation. The surface is about 245 meters above sea level. The lake is long and narrow with a roughly north-south orientation. Its surface area is slightly more than 7 square kilometers. It is also relatively shallow and warmer than the other Finger Lakes. Its outlet is Honeoye Creek, which flows northward. A major feeder stream, called Honeoye Inlet, enters the lake at the south end. Honeoye is 10th in size of the 12 finger lakes.

Selected biography

Photograph by H. B. Lindsley
Harriet Tubman (born c.1820 – 10 March 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the U.S. Civil War. After escaping from captivity, she made thirteen missions to rescue over seventy slaves using the network of antislavery activists known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage. Born into slavery in Dorchester County, Maryland, Tubman was beaten and whipped by her various owners as a child. In 1849, Tubman escaped to Philadelphia, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family. She guided many slaves to freedom, and when a far-reaching United States Fugitive Slave Law was passed in 1850, she helped guide fugitives further north into Canada, and helped newly-freed slaves find work. Tubman worked for the Union Army during the American Civil War; first as a cook and nurse, and then as an armed scout and spy. After the war, she retired to the family home in Auburn, New York, where she cared for her aging parents. After she died in 1913, she became an icon of American courage and freedom.

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USCGC Winnebago (WHEC-40)



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