Portal:Florida

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The Florida Portal

Flag of Florida
Florida's location within the United States

Florida /ˈflɒrɪdə/ is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Most of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of Mexico on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east. Much of the state has a humid subtropical climate; southern Florida has a tropical climate. Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who landed on the peninsula on 2 April 1513, during Pascua Florida (Spanish for "Flowery Easter," referring to the Easter season). Florida is the fourth most populous state in the country.

Archaeological research indicates that Florida had been inhabited for thousands of years before any European settlements. Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua and the Tocobago tribes. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery of the land on April 2, 1513, during Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the Easter season (Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida; according to one report, at least one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.) From that date forward, the land became known as "La Florida" , although from 1630 until the 19th century Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was the name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World. Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Spanish Pensacola was established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano as the first European settlement in the continental United States, but it had become abandoned by 1561 and would not be reinhabited until the 1690s. French Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564, but the fort was conquered by Spanish forces from St. Augustine the following year. Florida is considered the fishing capital of the world. One of the finest estuaries can be found in the Palm Coast and St Augustine areas. Guided fishing charters and sightseeing tours are very popular in this area because of its unrivaled beauty. Companies such as Palm Coast Fishing Trips are a great way to experience this part of Florida.

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Osceola, a Seminole leader
The Second Seminole War, also known as the Florida War, was a conflict from 1835 to 1842 in Florida between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the United States, part of a series of conflicts called the Seminole Wars. The Second Seminole War, often referred to as the Seminole War, was the most expensive Indian war fought by the United States, and lasted longer than any war involving the United States between the American Revolution and the Vietnam War.

The United States acquired Florida from Spain via the Adams-Onís Treaty and took possession in 1821. Bands from various tribes in the southeastern United States had moved into the unoccupied lands in Florida in the preceding century. These included Alabamas, Choctaws, Yamasees, Yuchis and Creek people. The Creeks were the largest group, and included Lower Creeks and Upper Creeks, and both Hitchiti- and Muscogee-speakers. One group of Hitchiti-speakers, the Mikasuki, settled around what is now Lake Miccosukee near Tallahassee. Another group of Hitchiti-speakers settled around the Alachua Prairie in what is now Alachua County. The Spanish in St. Augustine began calling the Alachua Creeks Cimarrones, which roughly meant "wild ones" or "runaways", and which is the probable origin of "Seminole". This name was eventually also applied to the other groups in Florida, although the Indians still regarded themselves as members of different tribes.

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St. Petersburg Pier at sunset
Credit: Texx Smith

The St. Petersburg Pier, simply called "The Pier" by locals, is a major tourist destination in downtown St. Petersburg, Florida. Some of the activities and sights it encompasses include: fishing, boat rentals, weekly festivals, and the pier aquarium. Shopping, dining and nightlife are other amenities.

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Mary McLeod Bethune in April 1949
Mary Jane McLeod Bethune ((1875-07-10)July 10, 1875 in Mayesville, South Carolina - May 18, 1955(1955-05-18) in Daytona Beach, Florida) was an educator born to former slaves, she is best known for founding a school in 1904 that later became part of Bethune-Cookman University in Daytona Beach, Florida. She was president of the college from 1923 to 1942 and 1946 to 1947, one of the few women in the world who served as a college president at that time. Bethune worked for the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, and attempted to get him to support a proposed law against lynching. She was also a member of Roosevelt's Black Cabinet, among other leadership positions in organizations for women and African Americans. Upon her death, columnist Louis E. Martin said, "She gave out faith and hope as if they were pills and she some sort of doctor." Her home in Daytona Beach, Florida is a National Historic Landmark, her house in Washington, D.C. is preserved by the National Park Service as a National Historic Site, and a sculpture of her is located in Lincoln Park in Washington, D.C.

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Sunshine Skyway Bridge
  • ...that Sunshine Skyway Bridge, which spans Tampa Bay, is the world's longest bridge with a cable-stayed main span?
  • ...that the Miami Seaquarium was the first major marine park to open in Florida at its grand opening in 1955?
  • ...that the Florida Cabinet was created following reconstruction, when there had been distrust of the military governors appointed by the federal government, it was designed to decentralize authority from the Governor?

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Jeb Bush
Florida is a place of unparalleled diversity of backgrounds, experiences and vision. It makes our culture unique, but it can also make it difficult to define a common identity and create a sense of community that reaches beyond our neighborhoods to all corners of our state

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Cardinal flower in Chetucknee Springs State Park, Columbia Co., Florida USA
Credit: Tim Ross

Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower) is a species of Lobelia native to the Americas, from southeastern Canada south through the eastern and southwestern United States, Mexico and Central America to northern Colombia.

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1928 Okeechobee HurricaneWilliam CooleyFlorida Atlantic UniversityHistory of Miami, FloridaList of Florida birdsList of Florida hurricanesList of sister cities in FloridaList of snow events in FloridaList of wild mammal species of FloridaRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiEverglades National ParkRosewood massacreMarjory Stoneman DouglasRestoration of the EvergladesIndigenous people of the Everglades regionGeography and ecology of the EvergladesDraining and development of the EvergladesTropical Storm Keith (1988)

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Brothers to the RescueBurger KingCasey Donovan (porn star)Florida International UniversityFlorida State UniversityUniversity of Central FloridaFort Lauderdale, FloridaHurricane CharleyHurricane IvanKey BiscayneMiami River (Florida)Osborne ReefSuper Bowl XLIMary McLeod BethuneAgainst All Odds (2005)Key BiscaynePort Charlotte High SchoolShawn LonsdaleMore...

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Counties: AlachuaBakerBayBradfordBrevardBrowardCalhounCharlotteCitrusClayCollierColumbiaDeSotoDixieDuvalEscambiaFlaglerFranklinGadsenGilchristGladesGulHamiltonHardeeHendryHernandoHighlandsHillsboroughHolmesIndian RiverJacksonJeffersonLafayetteLakeLeeLeonLevyLibertyMadisonManateeMarionMartinMiami-DadeMonroeNassauOkaloosaOkeechobeeOrangeOsceolaPalm BeachPascoPinellasPolkPutnamSaint JohnsSaint LucieSanta RosaSarasotaSeminoleSumterSuwanneeTaylorUnionVolusiaWakullaWaltonWashington

Regions of Florida: Apalachee ProvinceBig BendCentral FloridaEmerald CoastFirst CoastFlorida HeartlandFlorida KeysFlorida PanhandleFlorida SuncoastFun CoastGold CoastNature CoastNorth Central FloridaNortheast FloridaNorth FloridaRed Hills RegionSouthwest FloridaSpace CoastTampa Bay AreaTreasure Coast

Education in Florida: Broadway Theater ProjectCenter for Research and Education in Optics and LasersCongrès de la Culture Francaise en FlorideDLLIFTCEFlorida Comprehensive Assessment TestFlorida Distance Learning ConsortiumFlorida Literacy Coalition, Inc.Florida Music Educators AssociationHigh School Competency TestSilver Knight AwardsStenotype Institute

Transportation in Florida: Apalachee ParkwayCapital Circle, TallahasseeConners HighwayFlorida Department of TransportationJacksonville Transportation AuthorityJohn Anderson HighwayList of paved Florida bike trailsMiami-Dade Expressway AuthorityNortheast Florida Regional Transportation CommissionOrlando-Orange County Expressway AuthorityPeninsular Land, Transportation and Manufacturing CompanySouth Florida Auto ShowSunPassSunRailTampa Bay Area Regional Transportation AuthorityTampa-Hillsborough Expressway AuthorityVolusia County Public Transit System

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