Portal:Florida

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Florida's location within the United States

Florida /ˈflɒrɪdə/ is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Most of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of Mexico on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east. Much of the state has a humid subtropical climate; southern Florida has a tropical climate. Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who landed on the peninsula on 2 April 1513, during Pascua Florida (Spanish for "Flowery Easter," referring to the Easter season). Florida is the fourth most populous state in the country.

Archaeological research indicates that Florida had been inhabited for thousands of years before any European settlements. Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua and the Tocobago tribes. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery of the land on April 2, 1513, during Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the Easter season (Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida; according to one report, at least one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.) From that date forward, the land became known as "La Florida" , although from 1630 until the 19th century Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was the name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World. Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Spanish Pensacola was established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano as the first European settlement in the continental United States, but it had become abandoned by 1561 and would not be reinhabited until the 1690s. French Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564, but the fort was conquered by Spanish forces from St. Augustine the following year.

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Cathedral of Saint Mary in Miami, Florida
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. Its ecclesiastic territory includes Broward, Miami-Dade and Monroe counties in Florida. The archdiocese is the metropolitan see for the Roman Catholic Church in the State of Florida. The current archbishop is John Favalora. As archbishop, Favalora also serves as pastor of the Cathedral of Saint Mary, the mother church of the archdiocese. Also serving are 428 priests, 160 Permanent Deacons, 50 Religious Brothers and 300 Religious Sisters who are members of various Roman Catholic religious orders. These priests, deacons and religious serve a Catholic population in South Florida of 1,300,000 in 118 parishes and missions.

Because of the vast number of immigrants, Catholic Mass is offered in at least a dozen languages in parishes throughout the archdiocese. Educational institutions consist of two schools for the disabled, 60 elementary/middle schools, 13 high schools, two universities, and two seminaries. Radio, print, and television media outlets owned and operated by the archdiocese supplement teaching, communication and ministries.

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Deerfield Beach
Credit: MJJR

Deerfield Beach is a city in Broward County, Florida, USA. The city is named for the numerous deer that once roamed the area. As of 2004, the population estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau is 76,478. It is part of the South Florida metropolitan area, which is home to 5,463,857 people.

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Mary McLeod Bethune in April 1949
Mary Jane McLeod Bethune ((1875-07-10)July 10, 1875 in Mayesville, South Carolina - May 18, 1955(1955-05-18) in Daytona Beach, Florida) was an educator born to former slaves, she is best known for founding a school in 1904 that later became part of Bethune-Cookman University in Daytona Beach, Florida. She was president of the college from 1923 to 1942 and 1946 to 1947, one of the few women in the world who served as a college president at that time. Bethune worked for the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, and attempted to get him to support a proposed law against lynching. She was also a member of Roosevelt's Black Cabinet, among other leadership positions in organizations for women and African Americans. Upon her death, columnist Louis E. Martin said, "She gave out faith and hope as if they were pills and she some sort of doctor." Her home in Daytona Beach, Florida is a National Historic Landmark, her house in Washington, D.C. is preserved by the National Park Service as a National Historic Site, and a sculpture of her is located in Lincoln Park in Washington, D.C.

Did you know?

  • ...that after going bankrupt in 1891, the Georgia Southern and Florida Railway was reorganized as the Georgia Southern and Florida Railway in 1895 and was mostly under the control of the Southern Railway?
  • ...that Herlong Airport was named the Florida Department of Transportation's General Aviation Airport of the Year in 2001 in recognition of their improvements?
  • ...that wine grapes were grown earlier in Florida than any other place in the United States for the usage of making Florida wine?

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Flag of Florida.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Florida, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Florida.


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Kendrick Meek
The people of Florida in 2002 voted and approved class size limits in Florida to make sure that the State pays for smaller class sizes and not local districts

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The skyline of Boca Raton
Credit: ReignMan

Boca Raton ("bōkə rə-tōn") is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida incorporated in May 1925. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 74,764; the 2006 population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau was 86,396.

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1928 Okeechobee HurricaneWilliam CooleyFlorida Atlantic UniversityHistory of Miami, FloridaList of Florida birdsList of Florida hurricanesList of sister cities in FloridaList of snow events in FloridaList of wild mammal species of FloridaRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiEverglades National ParkRosewood massacreMarjory Stoneman DouglasRestoration of the EvergladesIndigenous people of the Everglades regionGeography and ecology of the EvergladesDraining and development of the EvergladesTropical Storm Keith (1988)

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Brothers to the RescueBurger KingCasey Donovan (porn star)Florida International UniversityFlorida State UniversityUniversity of Central FloridaFort Lauderdale, FloridaHurricane CharleyHurricane IvanKey BiscayneMiami River (Florida)Osborne ReefSuper Bowl XLIMary McLeod BethuneAgainst All Odds (2005)Key BiscaynePort Charlotte High SchoolShawn LonsdaleMore...

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Counties: AlachuaBakerBayBradfordBrevardBrowardCalhounCharlotteCitrusClayCollierColumbiaDeSotoDixieDuvalEscambiaFlaglerFranklinGadsenGilchristGladesGulHamiltonHardeeHendryHernandoHighlandsHillsboroughHolmesIndian RiverJacksonJeffersonLafayetteLakeLeeLeonLevyLibertyMadisonManateeMarionMartinMiami-DadeMonroeNassauOkaloosaOkeechobeeOrangeOsceolaPalm BeachPascoPinellasPolkPutnamSaint JohnsSaint LucieSanta RosaSarasotaSeminoleSumterSuwanneeTaylorUnionVolusiaWakullaWaltonWashington

Regions of Florida: Apalachee ProvinceBig BendCentral FloridaEmerald CoastFirst CoastFlorida HeartlandFlorida KeysFlorida PanhandleFlorida SuncoastFun CoastGold CoastNature CoastNorth Central FloridaNortheast FloridaNorth FloridaRed Hills RegionSouthwest FloridaSpace CoastTampa Bay AreaTreasure Coast

Education in Florida: Broadway Theater ProjectCenter for Research and Education in Optics and LasersCongrès de la Culture Francaise en FlorideDLLIFTCEFlorida Comprehensive Assessment TestFlorida Distance Learning ConsortiumFlorida Literacy Coalition, Inc.Florida Music Educators AssociationHigh School Competency TestSilver Knight AwardsStenotype Institute

Transportation in Florida: Apalachee ParkwayCapital Circle, TallahasseeConners HighwayFlorida Department of TransportationJacksonville Transportation AuthorityJohn Anderson HighwayList of paved Florida bike trailsMiami-Dade Expressway AuthorityNortheast Florida Regional Transportation CommissionOrlando-Orange County Expressway AuthorityPeninsular Land, Transportation and Manufacturing CompanySouth Florida Auto ShowSunPassSunRailTampa Bay Area Regional Transportation AuthorityTampa-Hillsborough Expressway AuthorityVolusia County Public Transit System

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