Portal:Geography of Kenya

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The Kenyan Geography Portal
This is a sister portal of the Kenya Portal
Geography of Kenyaedit
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The geography of Kenya is diverse, it varies amongst Kenya's 47 Counties. Kenya has a coastline on the Indian Ocean, which contains swamps of East African mangroves. Inland are broad plains and numerous hills. Central and Western Kenya is characterised by the Kenyan Rift Valley home to two of Africa's highest mountains, Mount Kenya and Mount Elgon.The Kakamega Forest in western Kenya is relic of an East African rainforest. Much larger is the Mau Forest, the largest forest complex in East Africa.

Flag-map of Kenya.svg More about...Kenyan geography, its flora and fauna
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Boats in Malindi
Sunset with boats in Malindi, Kilifi County, Kenya.
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Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya, and the second-highest in Africa (after Mount Kilimanjaro). The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 m - 17,058 ft), Nelion (5,188 m - 17,022 ft) and Lenana (4,985 m - 16,355 ft). Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 km (95 miles) north-northeast of Nairobi. The area around the mountain is protected in the Mount Kenya National Park, which is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. The National Park is around 620 km² (240 square miles), and receives up to 15,000 visitors every year.
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Selected Faunaedit
Syncerus-caffer-Masaai-Mara-Kenya crop.JPG
The African buffalo or Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) Swahili: Nyati, is a large African bovine.

It is not closely related to the slightly larger wild Asian water buffalo, but its ancestry remains unclear. The African buffalo is not the ancestor of domestic cattle, and is only distantly related to other larger bovines. Owing to its unpredictable nature, which makes it highly dangerous to humans, the African buffalo has never been domesticated unlike its Asian counterpart, the Asian buffalo.

The African buffalo is a very robust species. Its shoulder height can range from 1 to 1.7 m (3.3 to 5.6 ft) and its head-and-body length can range from 1.7 to 3.4 m (5.6 to 11.2 ft). Compared with other large bovids, it has a long but stocky body (the body length can exceed the wild water buffalo, which is rather heavier and taller) and short but thickset legs, resulting in a relatively short standing height. The tail can range from 70 to 110 cm (28 to 43 in) long. Savannah-type buffaloes weigh 500 to 900 kg (1,100 to 2,000 lb), with males normally larger than females, reaching the upper weight range. In comparison, forest-type buffaloes, at 250 to 450 kg (600 to 1,000 lb), are only half that size.

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Kenya Rift Valley volcanoes and lakes.svg
The Great Rift Valley is part of an intra-continental ridge system that runs through Kenya from north to south. It is part of the Gregory Rift, the eastern branch of the East African Rift, which starts in Tanzania to the south and continues northward into Ethiopia. It was formed on the "Kenyan Dome" a geographical upwelling created by the interactions of three major tectonics: the Arabian, Nubian, and Somalian plates. In the past, it was seen as part of a "Great Rift Valley" that ran from Madagascar to Syria. Most of the valley falls within the former Rift Valley Province.

The valley contains the Cherangani Hills and a chain of volcanoes, some of which are still active. The climate is mild, with temperatures usually below 28 °C (82 °F). Most rain falls during the March–June and October–November periods. The Tugen Hills to the west of Lake Baringo contain fossils preserved in laval flows from the period 14 to 4 million years ago. The relics of many hominids, ancestors of humans, were found here.

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Giraffe in Nairobi National Park
Nairobi National Park is a national park in Kenya. Established in 1946, the national park was Kenya's first. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south of the centre of Nairobi, Kenya's capital city, with an electric fence separating the park's wildlife from the metropolis. Nairobi's skyscrapers can be seen from the park. The proximity of urban and natural environments has caused conflicts between the animals and local people and threatens animals' migration routes.

Still, despite its proximity to civilisation and relative small size for an African national park, Nairobi National Park boasts a large and varied wildlife population. Migrating herbivores gather in the park during the dry season, and it is one of Kenya's most successful rhinoceros sanctuaries.

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Lasianthus kilimandscharicus is a shrub or tree found in Kenya. It becomes 2–7 metres (6 ft 7 in–23 ft 0 in) tall; bark smooth, grey. Leaves (narrowly) elliptic, base cuneate, apex acuminate, 9–17 centimetres (3.5–6.7 in) by 2–6 cm (0.79–2.36 in), glabrous or nearly so. Flowers white or pale purple.

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  • ... As of March 2013 Kenya is officially divided into 47 semi autonomous counties.
  • ... Lake Turkana, in Kenya is the largest desert lake in the World.
  • ... Nairobi, the capital city, is the only city in the world with a major National Park in it. Kenya also has all of the Big five game i.e.: lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo and rhino.
  • ... Kenya borders Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria. It is the largest tropical lake in the world. It is also the world's 2nd largest freshwater lake at a surface area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi).
  • ... Mt Kenya is the second tallest Mountain in Africa. It is 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
  • ... A third of the flowers in the European Union come from Kenya.
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