Portal:Georgia (country)

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Portal: Georgia



საქართველოს გერბი
Georgia (About this sound /ˈdʒɔrdʒə/ ; (Georgian: საქართველო, About this sound sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔ ) is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 km² and its population is 4.7 million, largely ethnic Georgians. ...Read more about Georgia.
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Selected article

The monastery complex in 2007.

David Gareja (Georgian: დავითგარეჯის სამონასტრო კომპლექსი, Davit'garejis samonastro komplek'si; Azerbaijani: Keşiş Dağ) is a rock-hewn Georgian Orthodox monastery complex located in the Kakheti region of Eastern Georgia, on the half-desert slopes of Mount Gareja, some 60–70 km southeast of Georgia's capital Tbilisi. The complex includes hundreds of cells, churches, chapels, refectories and living quarters hollowed out of the rock face. Part of the complex stretches over the territory of Azerbaijan.

The complex was founded in the 6th century by David (St. David Garejeli), one of the thirteen Assyrian monks who arrived in the country at the same time. His disciples Dodo and Luciane expanded the original lavra and founded two other monasteries known as Dodo's Rka (literally, "the horn of Dodo") and Natlismtsemeli ("the Baptist"). The monastery saw further development under the guidance of the 9th-century Georgian saint Ilarion. The convent was particularly patronized by the Georgian royal and noble families. The 12th-century Georgian king Demetre I, the author of the famous Georgian hymn Thou Art a Vineyard, even chose David Gareja as a place of his confinement after he abdicated the throne.

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Selected biography

Eldar Shengelaya

Eldar Shengelaya (Georgian: ელდარ შენგელაია; born 26 January 1933) is a Georgian and Soviet film director and screenwriter who directed ten films between 1957 and 1996. From 1990 to 2004, he was member of the Parliament of Georgia. He has been awarded the titles of the People's Artist of Georgia (1979) and of the Soviet Union (1988). He has been a chairman of the Film-makers' Union of Georgia since 1976.

Eldar Shengelaya was born in Tbilisi, the capital of then-Soviet Georgia into the family of the film director Nikoloz Shengelaya and actress Nato Vachnadze. His brother, Giorgi Shengelaya is also a film director. He graduated from the All-Union State Institute of Cinematography in Moscow in 1958 and then worked for the Mosfilm studio. In 1960, he became a director at the Tbilisi-based Gruziya-film studio. In 1969, Shengelaya gained a nationwide acclaim with the satirical tragicomedy Arachveulebrivi gamopena ("An Unusual Exhibition") socio-political allusions of which caused discontent in the official Soviet cinema establishment. Since then, Shengelaya has retained a reputation of a highly individual filmmaker.

With Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of Perestroika in the 1980s, Shengelaya produced another highly acclaimed tragicomedy about inept bureaucracy Tsisperi mtebi anu daujerebeli ambavi ("Blue Mountains, or Unbelievable Story"), one of the best achievements in the Soviet "social fiction" genre. It won the All-Union Film Festival Prize in 1984 and the USSR State Prize in 1985. After a major success in the 1980s, Eldar Shengelaya distanced himself from the cinema and became involved in the Georgian independence movement, which gained a momentum in 1989.

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Did you know...

Meri Shervashidze
  • ...Erekle II (1720-1798), king of Kartl-Kakheti, married three times and had thirteen sons and 10 daughters...
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List here any new Georgia-related articles created by you or anyone else (newer articles at the top, please).

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Main topics


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This month in history...

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Batumi Port,
Batumi (1881), by Lev Lagorio.
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Wikinews Georgia (country) portal
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See more in WikiProject Georgia (country)

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Gudauri
The panoramic view of the winter resort Gudauri
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