Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" due to the production of nutmeg and mace crops of which Grenada is one of the world's largest exporters. Its size is 344 square kilometres (133 sq mi), with an estimated population of 110,000. Its capital is St. George's. The national bird of Grenada is the critically endangered Grenada Dove.
The invasion of Grenada, known as Operation Urgent Fury code consisted of the invasion of Grenada, an independent state located in the Lesser Antilles, for the United States and several other nations in response to coup that led to the deposition and execution of Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.
On October 25, 1983, the United States, Barbados, Jamaica and members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and sent a fleet made land troops on the island, crushed Grenadian and Cuban resistance and overthrew the military government of Hudson Austin.
Dame Hilda Louisa Gibbs Bynoe was the first female governor of Grenada and also became the first woman Governor of a Commonwealth of Nations country, at the time, Grenada was part of the British Empire and still Colonized by Britain. She was a former doctor and Hospital Administrator and spent most of her adult life as a teacher and doctor of medicine in Trinidad and Tobago. She became governor in between 1967 until 1972.