Welcome to the Haitian Portal!
Welcome to le Portail haïtien!
Welcome to Portal ayisyen an!
Haiti (Haïti in French; Ayiti in Haitian Creole), officially the Republic of Haiti, occupies three-eighths of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. The country also includes many smaller islands such as La Gonâve, La Tortue (Tortuga), Les Cayemites, Île de Anacaona, and La Grande Caye. The uninhabited island of Navasse is claimed by both Haiti and the United States. 'Ayiti' (Haiti) is the indigenous Taíno name for the island. Its highest point is Pic la Selle, which has a height of 2,680 meters (8,793 ft). Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. The total area of Haiti is 27,750 km² (10,714 sq mi) and its capital is Port-au-Prince.
The 2010 Haiti earthquake
was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake
, with an epicenter
near the town of Léogâne
), approximately 25 km (16 miles) west of Port-au-Prince
capital. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC
) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.
By 24 January, at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater had been recorded. An estimated three million people were affected by the quake; the Haitian government reported that an estimated 316,000 people had died, 300,000 had been injured and 1,000,000 made homeless. The government of Haiti also estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged.
The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other settlements in the region. Many notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. Among those killed were Archbishop of Port-au-Prince Joseph Serge Miot, and opposition leader Micha Gaillard. The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), located in the capital, collapsed, killing many, including the Mission's Chief, Hédi Annabi.
- ...that in 2004, Hurricane Jeanne hit the coastal city of Gonaïves, where it affected about 80,000 of the city's 100,000 residents? And that official reports counted 3,006 people dead, with 2,826 of those in Gonaïves alone?
- ...that Gens de couleur were Free people of color in French colonial Haiti? And that the Gens de couleur could own plantations, and often owned large numbers of slaves themselves?
- ...that former President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier, also known as "Baby Doc" was exiled to France after his disposition in 1986? And that he lost most of his wealth due to his divorce from his wife Michèle, and now reportedly lives in very modest circumstances?
- ...that Restavec refers to a social system in Haiti whereby parents unable to care for their children send them to relatives or strangers? And that while some restavecs receive food and housing (and sometimes an education) in exchange for light housework, others have alleged widespread abuses within the system?
- ...that in 2007, the Haitian national football team beat recent FIFA World cup finalists Trinidad and Tobago 2-1, to win the Caribbean Cup for the first time?
- ...that La Visite National Park is one of the two national parks in Haiti? And that it is located in the southeast of the country and contains the country's highest mountain, Pic de la Selle?
History and Society:
- November 5: Hurricane Tomas reached westernmost tip of Haiti, causing torrential rains and tropical storm force winds, killing at least seven people.
- October 23: An outbreak of cholera has occurred in the Saint-Marc region, killing at least 442 people and hospitalizing thousands more.
- August 10: Haiti has created an independent commission to investigate the slayings of the eight journalists killed in Haiti since 2000
(International Herald Tribune)
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sister projects provide more on this subject: