Welcome to the Hellenismos Portal
torch: symbol of enlightenment, and additionally in Hellenismos: of wisdom and either life or death.
Hellenism (Greek: Ἐλληνισμός), or the Hellenic Ethnic Religion (Greek: Ελληνική Εθνική Θρησκεία), also Dodekatheism (Greek: Δωδεκαθεϊσμός) or Olympianism, is the Olympian based Greek religion and philosophy from classical antiquity to modern times. Hellenism as a term was first used in the fourth century by Roman Emperor Julian the Philosopher to mean Greek religion, and today it is used to mean its continuation.
Hellenism includes the mythology, philosophy and religion of the Greek gods, such as Dodecatheism, the Eleusinian mysteries, the Delphic mysteries, Hermetism, the Dionysian mysteries, Orphism and Pythagoreanism, the Milesian school, the Eleatic school, other pre-Socratic philosophy, Platonism and the Peripatetic school, neo-Platonism and Skepticism and Stoicism and other Hellenistic philosophy to the present day.
Important ancient/Classical Hellenism teachers/writers/prophets include Hermes Trismegistus, the Pythia and Sibyl, Hesiod, Apollodorus, Homer, Apollonius of Rhodes, Creophylus of Samos, Orpheus, Thales, Anaximander, Pherecydes of Syros, Xenophanes, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, the seven sages of Greece, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Antisthenes, Aristippus, Euclid of Megara, Pyrrho, Zeno of Citium, Epicurus, Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus, Hypatia of Alexandria, etc.
is the body of myths
and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks
, concerning their gods
, the nature of the world
, and the origins and significance of their own cult
practices. They were a part of religion in ancient Greece
and are part of religion in modern Greece and around the world as Hellenismos
. Modern scholars refer to, and study the myths in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.
Greek mythology is embodied, explicitly, in a large collection of narratives, and implicitly in Greek representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts. Greek myth attempts to explain the origins of the world, and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature.
The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey, focus on events surrounding the Trojan War. Two poems by Homer's near contemporary Hesiod, the Theogony and the Works and Days, contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices. Myths also are preserved in the Homeric Hymns, in fragments of epic poems of the Epic Cycle, in lyric poems, in the works of the tragedians of the fifth century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the Hellenistic Age and in texts from the time of the Roman Empire by writers such as Plutarch and Pausanias.
Archaeological findings provide a principal source of detail about Greek mythology, with gods and heroes featured prominently in the decoration of many artifacts. Geometric designs on pottery of the eighth century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle as well as the adventures of Heracles. In the succeeding Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear, supplementing the existing literary evidence.
Greek mythology has exerted an extensive influence on the culture, the arts, and the literature of Western civilization and remains part of Western heritage and language. Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in these mythological themes.
The word Sibyl
) comes (via Latin
) from the Greek
word σίβυλλα sibylla
, meaning prophetess
. The earliest oracular seeresses known as the sibyls of antiquity, "who admittedly are known only through legend"
prophesied at certain holy sites, under the divine influence of a deity, originally— at Delphi
— one of the chthonic
deities. Later in antiquity, sibyls wandered from place to place.
Hellenism's main news source from Greece: YSEE (translated to English)
Pythagoras studied in the East, including at Mt. Carmel. He and the community (near) there had similar rare practices of ethics (and dress,) and later Socrates described some as virtuous and philosophical. Likewise, a similar community South of Mt. Carmel later kept a text of Plato's Republic, a dialogue in which Socrates spoke. This interaction has influenced various spirituality near the Eastern Mediterranean to the present day.
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