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About Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire (Listeni/ˈhɑrtfərdʃɪər/ or /ˈhɑrfərdʃər/), commonly abbreviated as Herts, is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of England. It is the 14th most populous ceremonial county in England, home to over one million people. Hertfordshire is one of the Home Counties and lies inland, bordered by Greater London, Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire (the unitary authorities of Luton and Central Bedfordshire), Cambridgeshire and Essex. Hertfordshire's county town is Hertford, with several other population centres including St Albans, the only city, and Watford, the county's most populous settlement. Despite a population density of 656 people per km2 (compared to the UK average of 255 people per km2), more than two thirds of the county is classified as rural.


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The Cathedral and Abbey Church of St Alban.jpg
Ælfric of Abingdon (Old English: Ælfrīc; died 16 November 1005), also known as Ælfric of Wessex, was a late 10th century Archbishop of Canterbury. He previously held the offices of abbot of St Albans Abbey (modern cathedral pictured) and Bishop of Ramsbury, as well as likely being the abbot of Abingdon Abbey. After his election to Canterbury, he continued to hold the bishopric of Ramsbury along with the archbishopric of Canterbury until his death in 1005. Ælfric may have altered the composition of Canterbury's cathedral chapter by changing the clergy serving in the cathedral from secular clergy to monks. In his will he left a ship to King Æthelred II of England as well as more ships to other legatees.
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Ye Olde Fighting Cocks

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Credit: Photograph taken by Robert Stainforth

The 2005 Buncefield fire, as seen from Hemel Hempstead.

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London Country North East was a bus operator in South East England and London. It was formed from the split of London Country Bus Services in 1986 and operated a fleet of around 350 buses from six garages. Despite the name suggesting otherwise, Hertfordshire was integral to the company's operations; it was headquartered in Hatfield, had garages in Hatfield, Hertford, Stevenage and St Albans, and operated bus routes across Hertfordshire, including the relatively urban western part of the county.

The company was formed in 1986 as a publicly owned company, as one of 72 subsidiaries of National Bus Company. It retained much of the stock previously used on its routes, including Leyland Atlanteans (pictured). London Country Bus Services was the last subsidiary to be privatised, being sold to AJS Group in April 1988. Later in the same year it was split into County Bus & Coach and Sovereign Bus & Coach. Its former operations are now provided by Arriva East Herts & Essex and Uno.

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This map depicts the locations of the major settlements within Hertfordshire. The line surrounding the lighter area shows the county's boundaries. The inner lines show the boundaries of the county's ten areas of local government. Grey areas depict areas of urban development.

According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, thirty settlements in Hertfordshire had a population of at least 5,000. These include Hertford, the county town, Watford, the most populous settlement, and St Alban's, the only city. Three settlements with populations of over 10,000 have been omitted from this map; Bushey, Croxley Green and Abbots Langley are situated to the immediate south, west and north of Watford respectively.