HISPANIC AND LATINO AMERICAN PORTAL
The terms Hispanic and Latino Americans are identity constructs whose history begins with Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 16th century. Subsequent centuries of Spanish colonial presence resulted in the predominance of the Spanish language in the colonies, displacement of native peoples and redefinition of traditional cultures, racial mixing (in this context, known as the mestizaje), and European cultural influences in the Americas. In the case of North America, Spain had a presence in Mexico, the Caribbean and what are now parts of the American southwest until the growing dominion of the United States in that region eventually led to Spain's defeat in the Spanish-American War of 1898, effectively collapsing its colonial empire. The 20th century saw large-scale migration (both permanent and cyclical) from postcolonial nations to the United States.
In recent decades two terms especially, first Hispanic and later Latino, came into official and popular use for US citizens and residents of Hispanic/Latino heritage, who became the largest minority group in the country in the 1990s. It is a matter of personal preference which term to use for oneself, if either; the terms are normally taken to be synonyms—though strictly speaking they are not. Some activists within communities of Latin American origin have preferred the terms Latin or Latino, alleging that these are more inclusive of the broad range of peoples in Latin America and less derivative of Spain than is Hispanic. Nevertheless, many Hispanic and Latino Americans reject broader terms such as Hispanic and Latino, and prefer to be called by names that are even more specific to their background or country of origin (for example, "Mexican", "Chicano" or "Puerto Rican"). The terms Hispanic and Latino do not correspond to races.
Hispanics as a percentage of the U.S population (2000
Did you know?
- Hispanics constitute the largest minority group in the United States.
- Of the nation's total Hispanic population, 49% lives in California or Texas.
- Some 66% of the nation's Hispanic population are of Mexican or Mexican-American ancestry (2008 estimate).
- New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanics of any state, at 46% (2010 estimate).
- Join any of the associated WikiProjects.
- Suggest featured articles and pictures.
- Help maintain the Latino and Hispanic American portal.
Hispanic and Latino Americans Topics
Asian Hispanic and Latino Americans, Black Hispanic and Latino Americans, Boricua, Bronze race, Brown Berets, Casta, Chicano, Criollo people, Criticism of the term Latino, Cuban-American lobby, Famous Hispanic Americans, Hispanic, Hispanic America, Hispanic Americans in World War II, Hispano, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Isleños, La Raza, Latin Jazz, Latin Music, Latino (demonym), Latin pop, Latin rap, List of Hispanic and Latino Americans, List of U.S. cities with Hispanic majority populations, MEChA, Mestizo, Mulatto, NALFO, Spanish in the United States, White Hispanic and Latino Americans