Hunger relief is a field of human activity aimed at eliminating chronic hunger and malnutrition. As of 2012, the United Nations's Food and Agriculture Organization reported that about 870 million people globally are suffering from severe hunger. Millions more suffer from food insecurity, including in the advanced economies of Europe and the United States.
Various methods are used to relieve hunger, including directly supplying the hungry with food; helping to develop people's abilities to grow or otherwise secure their own food; helping to develop related secondary skills such as budgeting; advocating and implementing economic reforms to improve the availability of affordable and healthy food in the marketplace.
Tens of thousands of organisations are engaged in hunger-relief efforts. For some, such as governments, corporations and religious groups, hunger relief is not their primary focus. Other organisations are dedicated to helping the hungry: these range from grass-roots local establishments such as independent soup kitchens, to multilateral agencies operating as part of the UN, such as the FAO or the World Food Programme. Many of these organisations are connected by a web of national and international alliances. For example, in the United States The Alliance to End Hunger is a national group with many smaller member groups, and is itself a member of several larger international groups, including the international civil society group Stop Hunger Now and the UN's Alliance Against Hunger and Malnutrition.
Food for the Hungry is an international relief and development organization with operations in more than 20 countries. Food for the Hungry was founded in 1971 by Dr. Larry Ward. Food for the Hungry ‘s stated mission is "to walk with leaders, churches and families in overcoming all forms of human poverty by living in healthy relationship with God and His creation" which was taken from Book of Psalms 146:7 He upholds the cause of the oppressed and gives food to the hungry. Food for the Hungry is a charter member of the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability, since February 1, 1980.
Throughout her works Lappé has argued that world hunger is caused not by the lack of food but rather by the inability of hungry people to gain access to the abundance of food that exists in the world and/or food-producing resources because they are simply too poor. She has posited that our current "thin democracy" creates a mal-distribution of power and resources that inevitably creates waste and an artificial scarcity of the essentials for sustainable living.
Migrant Mother by Dorothea Lange (1936), a classic photo of people struggling with hunger. Lange's notes she took while photographing read: "Seven hungry children. Father is native Californian. Destitute in pea pickers’ camp … because of failure of the early pea crop. These people had just sold their tires to buy food."