Portal:Indigenous peoples of North America

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Welcome to the Indigenous peoples of North America portal

Indigenous peoples of North America include the inhabitants of North America before the arrival of Europeans in the late 15th century, as well as many present-day ethnic groups who identify themselves with those historical peoples.

In Canada, the most commonly preferred term for indigenous peoples is Aboriginal peoples. Of these Aboriginal peoples who are not Inuit or Métis, First Nations is the most commonly preferred term of self-identification. First Nations peoples make up approximately 3% of the Canadian population. The official term for First Nations people is Indian. (See also: Aboriginal peoples in Canada portal)

Indigenous peoples in the United States are commonly called American Indians or Native Americans. American Indians make up 2% of the population, with more than 6 million people identifying themselves as Native Americans, although only 1.8 million are registered tribal members. Only a minority live on Indian reservations.

Indigenous peoples of Mexico include many cultures—most numerous among them the Nahua people, the Maya peoples, and the Mixtec and Zapotec peoples. Indigenous people, defined primarily as people who speak one of the 62 Indigenous languages of Mexico, are estimated to make up around 9% of the Mexican population—about 10 million people.

Indigenous-language Wikipedias: ᏣᎳᎩ (Cherokee)  · ᐃᔨᔫ (Cree)  · ᐃᓄᒃ (Inuktitut)  · Iñupiak  · Kalaallisut  · Nahuatlahtolli  · Dínék'ehjí (Navajo)  · Yucatec Maya  · Tsêhesenêstsestôtse (Cheyenne)
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Aztec Sun Stone Replica cropped.jpg

The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the late post-classic period in Mesoamerican chronology.

Aztec (Aztecatl) is the Nahuatl word for "people from Aztlan", a mythological place for the Nahuatl-speaking culture of the time, and later adopted as the word to define the Mexica people. Often the term "Aztec" refers exclusively to the Mexica people of Tenochtitlan (now the location of Mexico City), situated on an island in Lake Texcoco, who referred to themselves as Mexica Tenochca or Colhua-Mexica.

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A smoky day at the Sugar Bowl (Hupa)

The Hupa (also known as Hoopa) are an Athabaskan tribe which inhabit northwestern California. Hupa are Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Athabascan linguistic stock. They believe that they lived in the Hoopa Valley for over 400,000 years, but their language suggests that they are relatively recent immigrants from what is now western Canada.

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Allie Reynolds

Allie Pierce Reynolds (February 10, 1917 – December 26, 1994) was an American professional baseball pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB). Reynolds pitched in MLB for the Cleveland Indians (1942–1946) and New York Yankees (1947–1954). A member of the Creek nation, Reynolds was nicknamed "Superchief". In his MLB career, Reynolds had a 182–107 win–loss record, 3.30 earned run average, and 1,423 strikeouts. Reynolds was a six-time MLB All-Star (1945, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954) and six-time World Series champion (1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953). He won the Hickok Belt in 1951 as the top American professional athlete of the year. He has also received consideration for induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame, though he has not been elected.

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Humankind has not woven the web of life. We are but one thread within it. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves. All things are bound together. All things connect.

Chief Seattle
(c. 1786–1866)

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U.S. and Canada: AlabamaAlgonquinAnishinaabeApacheApalacheeAppamattocArapahoBabineBlackfootCahuillaCatawbaCherokeeCheyenneChichimecaChickahominyChickasawChinookanChipewyanChiricahuaChoctawChumashCoeur d'AleneComancheCoreeCrowCupeñoDakelhDunnezaErielhonanEsselenHo-ChunkHopiHupaInnuIowaIroquoisJicarillaKalapuyaKarukKatoKawKiowaKiskiackKoasatiKoyukonLaich-kwil-tachLakotaLenapeLipanLumbeeMahicanMakah . MaliseetMandanMattaponiMeherrinMescaleroMiccosukeeMi'kmaqMiwokModocMohawkMuscogee (Creek)NansemondNatchezNavajoNeutralNez PerceNomlakiNooksackNottowayNuu-chah-nulthOjibwaOhloneOmahaOsageOttawaPaiutePamunkeyPaspaheghPend d'OreillesPenobscotPomoPotawatomiPowhatanPuebloQuinaultRappanahockSahaptinSalinanSeminoleSenecaShawneeShoshoneSiouxStó:lōTakelmaThuleTlingitTongvaTsimshianTuscaroraUteWampanoagWappoWashitaw NationWashoeWintuWiyotYahiYakamaYuchiYuki   Mexico: AztecChichimecaCholHuicholLacandonMayaMixtecNahuatlTarahumaraTarascanTotonacYaquiZacatecoZapotec
Organizations Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of OklahomaAk-Chin Indian CommunityAlabama-Quassarte Tribal TownAmerican Indian MovementBridge River Indian BandCarcross/Tagish First NationCherokee NationCherokee Nation Warriors SocietyChickasaw NationChoctaw Nation of OklahomaConfederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of OregonCoushattaDelaware NationEastern Band of Cherokee IndiansEastern Shawnee Tribe of OklahomaIn-Shuck-ch NationHannahville Indian CommunityKamloops Indian BandKialegee Tribal TownKwanlin Dün First NationLillooet Tribal CouncilMississippi Band of Choctaw IndiansMowachaht/Muchalaht First NationsMusqueam Indian BandNisga'aQualla BoundaryPine Ridge ReservationShawnee TribeStockbridge-Munsee CommunityThlopthlocco Tribal TownConfederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian ReservationConfederated Tribes of SiletzUnited Keetoowah Band of Cherokee IndiansWhite Earth Indian Reservation
Personalities AnnawanAnna Mae Pictou-AquashHenry ArmstrongAttakullakullaAwashonksDennis BanksClyde BellecourtVernon BellecourtBob BengeBlack FoxBlue JacketElias BoudinotThe BowlWilliam Augustus BowlesJoseph BrantJohn BrownJoe ByrdFrank Arthur CalderCheeseekauChief LeschiWard ChurchillCornplanterCornstalkCrazy HorseNed ChristieCochiseDeganawidaDoubleheadEstanislaoChief Dan GeorgeGeronimoThe GlassGraham GreeneHandsome LakeHanging MawElijah HarperIra HayesHiawathaCharles R. HicksWilliam HicksIshiEdward JohnJohn JollyChief JosephJunaluskaKanagatuckoMary John, Sr.Mangas ColoradasLittle TurkeyLittle TurtleWilma MankillerMaquinnaMassasoitAlexander McGillivrayWilliam McIntoshRussell MeansN. Scott MomadayAdrien-Gabriel MoriceMadame MontourMoytoy of CiticoMoytoy of TellicoNahnebahwequaJoseph OnasakenratOconostotaOpechancanoughOsceolaOstenacoEly S. ParkerQuanah ParkerPathkillerLeonard PeltierPocahontasPocatelloPopéRed JacketAllie ReynoldsJohn RidgeJohn Rollin RidgeMajor RidgeRobbie RobertsonWill RogersJohn RossSacagaweaLouie SamSauganashSavanukahChief SeattleSequoyahShikellamyJay SilverheelsSitting BullNimrod Jarrett SmithSquantoWes StudiTahlonteeskeeTanaghrissonTatokaTecumsehTeedyuscungKateri TekakwithaTenskwatawaWilliam Holland ThomasJim ThorpeTiloukaiktTouch the CloudsJohn TrudellTsaliJames VannJoseph VannWamsuttaNancy WardWashakieStand WatieJohn WattsWeetamooWahunsenacawhFloyd Red Crow WestermanSarah WinnemuccaYonaguska
History Anglo-Cherokee WarApache WarsArikara WarBannock WarBattle of Blue LicksBattle of Burnt CornBattle of CarillonBattle of Claremore MoundBattle of Fallen TimbersBattle of Fort DuquesneBattle of Fort Oswego (1756)Battle of Fort William HenryBattle of Horseshoe BendBattle of Jumonville GlenBattle of Little BighornBattle of the MonongahelaBattle of NechesBattle of Lake OkeechobeeBattle of the Plains of AbrahamBattle of the WabashBlack Hawk WarBlack Hills WarCapture and rescue of Jemima BooneCayuse WarCharlottetown AccordCherokee Nation v. GeorgiaCherokee removalCheyenne WarChickamauga Wars (1776-1794)Code talkerColorado WarCreek WarDade MassacreDawes ActDunmore's WarFederal RoadFirst Anglo-Powhatan WarFort Loudoun (Tennessee)Fort Prince George (South Carolina)French and Indian WarGeorgia Land LotteryGoing Snake MassacreHistoric treaties of the Cherokee NationIndian Massacre of 1622Indian Reorganization ActIndian Removal ActIndigenous American genetic studiesKing Philip's WarKiowa-Comanche WarLong Walk of the NavajoModoc WarNickajack ExpeditionNorth-West RebellionNorthwest Indian WarOka CrisisOklahoma Indian Welfare ActPaiute WarPequot WarPontiac's RebellionRed Cloud's WarRed River RebellionRed River WarRed SticksRogue River WarsRoyal Proclamation of 1763Sand Creek MassacreSecond Seminole WarSeminole WarsSioux UprisingSpokane-Coeur d'Alene-Paloos WarState of MuskogeeState of SequoyahTecumseh's WarThird Seminole WarTimeline of Cherokee removalTrail of TearsTreaty of Bird’s FortTreaty of CussetaTreaty of Dancing Rabbit CreekTreaty of EastonTreaty of Fort Pitt (1778)Treaty of Fort StanwixTreaty of HolstonTreaty of HopewellTreaty of LochaberTreaty of New EchotaTreaty of Payne's LandingTuscarora WarWorcester v. GeorgiaWounded Knee IncidentWounded Knee MassacreYakima WarYamasee War
Linguistics AlgicAlseanCaddoanCoosanComecrudanChimakuanChinookanChumashanEskimo-AleutIroquoianKalapuyanKeresanKiowa-TanoanMaiduanMuskogeanNa-DenePalaihnihanPlateau PenutianPomoanSalishanShastanSiouan-CatawbanTsimshianicUtianUto-AztecanWakashanWintuanYokutsanYuki-WappoYuman-Cochimi
Culture Adena cultureAlachua cultureAlgonquian peoplesAngel MoundsAni-kutaniApalachee ProvinceAztalan State ParkBelle Glade cultureBlack drinkBlack Hawk State Historic SiteBuffalo jumpCades Pond cultureCahokiaCaloosahatchee cultureCamassiaCarlisle Indian Industrial SchoolCherokee ClansCherokee mythologyCherokee PathCherokee PhoenixChief Vann House Historic SiteChilhowee (Cherokee town)Chota (Cherokee town)Citico (Tellico archaeological site)Cochise TraditionCoosa chiefdomEtowah Indian MoundsFort Mountain State ParkGhost DanceGreat HiwasseeGreat Indian WarpathGreat TellicoGreen Corn CeremonyHistory of lacrosseHopewell cultureHolly Bluff SiteJoaraKeoweeKey MarcoKincaid Mounds State Historic SiteKings Crossing SiteKituwaLake Jackson Mounds Archaeological State ParkMedicine wheelMialoquo (Cherokee town)Mississippian cultureMoccasin BendMoundville Archaeological SiteNanih WaiyaNative American longhouseNew EchotaNikwasiNodena SiteOcmulgee National MonumentOld Stone Fort (Tennessee)Oshara TraditionOverhill CherokeePacahaParkin Archeological State ParkPeyotePinson MoundsPlaquemine cultureQuiggly holeRed Clay State ParkSoutheastern Ceremonial ComplexSpiro MoundsSwift Creek cultureTallassee (Cherokee town)TanasiThuja plicataTomotleyTown Creek Indian MoundTsenacommacahTuskegee (Cherokee town)Warriors Path State ParkWeeden Island cultureWerowocomocoWickliffe mounds; Windover Archaeological SiteWinterville SiteWriting-on-Stone Provincial Park

Distribution of Indigenous languages of North America

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