Industrial music comprises many styles of experimental music, including many forms of electronic music. The term was coined in the mid-1970s to describe Industrial Records artists. Since then, a wide variety of labels and artists have come to be called "industrial."
The Allmusic website defines industrial as the "most abrasive and aggressive fusion of rock and electronic music [...] initially a blend of avant-garde electronics experiments (tape music, musique concrète, white noise, synthesizers (pictured), sequencers, etc.) and punk provocation".
The first industrial artists experimented with noise and controversial topics. Their production was not limited to music, but included mail art, performance art, installation pieces and other art forms. Prominent industrial musicians include Throbbing Gristle, Cabaret Voltaire, Boyd Rice, SPK, and Z'EV. While the term initially referred to musicians signed to Industrial Records, it broadened to include artists influenced by the original movement or using an "industrial" aesthetic.
are a British industrial music
and visual arts
group that evolved from the performance art
group COUM Transmissions
. The band consists of Genesis P-Orridge
(bass, violin, vocals), Cosey Fanni Tutti
(guitars, cornet), Peter Christopherson
(aka "Sleazy") (tapes, found sounds, horns), and Chris Carter
Throbbing Gristle's confrontational live performances and use of often disturbing imagery, including pornography and photographs of Nazi concentration camps, gave the group a notorious reputation. However the group always maintained that their mission was to challenge and explore the darker and obsessive sides of the human condition rather than to make attractive music. Throbbing Gristle pioneered the use of pre-recorded tape-based samples, and made extensive use of special effects to produce a distinctive, highly distorted background, usually accompanied by lyrics or spoken-word performances by Cosey Fanni Tutti or Genesis P-Orridge. Though they asserted they wanted to provoke their audience into thinking for themselves rather than pushing any specific agenda (as evidenced by the song "Don't Do As You're Told, Do As You Think" on Heathen Earth), Throbbing Gristle also frequently associated with the anarchist punk scene. They even appeared on the infamous Crass pamphlet Toxic Grafity, with a condensation of their own propaganda parody series, Industrial News.
Michael Trent Reznor (born May 17, 1965) is an American songwriter, producer, and multi-instrumentalist and founder of the industrial rock musical project known as Nine Inch Nails; he was previously associated with the bands Option 30, Exotic Birds, and Tapeworm, among others. As of 2007, Reznor split his ties with Interscope Records, and is now an independent, unsigned musician. He has worked with David Bowie, Adrian Belew, Saul Williams, and Marilyn Manson (considered by some to be Reznor's protégé). In 1997, Reznor appeared in Time magazine's list of the year's most influential Americans, and Spin magazine described him as "the most vital artist in music."
Musique concrète, Fluxus movement, Performance art, Electronic music, Krautrock, Noise music, Post-punk
Ambient industrial, EBM, Electro-industrial, Glitch, Industrial metal, Industrial rock, IDM, Martial Industrial,
List of industrial bands, List of noise musicians, Post-industrial music and related fusion genres