The Library and Information Science Portal
Library science and information science are two closely related and often intersecting disciplines that deal primarily with the organization and retrieval of information.
Library science is an interdisciplinary social science incorporating the humanities, law and applied science and studying topics related to libraries; the collection, organization and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. Library science has also historically included archival science, although a conceptual distinction between libraries and archives has evolved over time.
Amongst the varied topics of study that fall within library science: how information resources are organized to serve the needs of select user groups; how people interact with classification systems and technology; how information is acquired, evaluated and applied by people in and outside of libraries as well as cross-culturally; how people are trained and educated for careers in libraries; the ethics that guide library service and organization; the legal status of libraries and information resources, and the applied science of computer technology used in documentation and records management. Library science is constantly evolving, incorporating new topics like database management, information architecture and knowledge management.
Information science (also referred to as information studies) is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. Information science studies the application and usage of knowledge in organizations, and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems. It is often, though not exclusively, studied as a branch of computer science or informatics and is closely related to the cognitive and social sciences.
The Royal Library of Alexandria
, was once the largest library
in the world. It is generally thought to have been founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BC
, during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt
. It was likely created after his father had built what would become the first part of the Library complex, the temple of the Muses
— the Museion
, Greek Μουσείον
(from which the modern English word museum
It has been reasonably established that the Library, or parts of the collection, were destroyed by fire on a number of occasions (library fires were common and replacement of handwritten manuscripts was very difficult, expensive and time-consuming). To this day, the details of the destruction (or destructions) remain a lively source of controversy. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina was inaugurated in 2003 near the site of the old Library.
||There’s no use going to school unless your final destination is the library.
||— Ray Bradbury, unknown
(March 11, 1890 – June 30, 1974) was an American engineer
and science administrator, known for his work on analog computing
, his political role in the development of the atomic bomb
, and the idea of the memex
—seen as a pioneering concept for the World Wide Web
. A leading figure in the development of the military-industrial complex
and the military funding of science
in the United States, Bush was a prominent policymaker and public intellectual ("the patron saint of American science") during World War II
and the ensuing Cold War
. Through his public career, Bush was a proponent of democratic technocracy
and of the centrality of technological innovation and entrepreneurship for both economic and geopolitical security.
In the 1930s, he introduced the concept of the memex, a microfilm-based "device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility."
- March,2012, Muhammad Shahid Soroya elected as President Punjab University Library & Information Science Alumni Association (PULISAA) in Pakistan
- September 21, 2011 - Library vendor OverDrive, Inc. adds Amazon Kindle compatible E-books to public and school libraries, allowing library lending over Amazon's Whispernet technology.(OverDrive)
Topics in library and information science