are an English heavy metal
band from Leyton
in east London, formed in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris
. Since their inception, the band's discography
has grown to include a total of thirty-eight albums: fifteen studio albums; twelve live albums; four EPs
; and seven compilations
Pioneers of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal, Iron Maiden achieved success during the early 1980s. After several line-up changes, the band went on to release a series of U.S. and UK platinum and gold albums, including 1982's The Number of the Beast, 1983's Piece of Mind, 1984's Powerslave, 1985's live release Live After Death, 1986's Somewhere in Time and 1988's Seventh Son of a Seventh Son. Since the return of lead vocalist Bruce Dickinson and guitarist Adrian Smith in 1999, the band have undergone a resurgence in popularity, with their latest studio offering, The Final Frontier, peaking at No. 1 in 28 different countries and receiving widespread critical acclaim.
Considered one of the most successful heavy metal bands in history, Iron Maiden have reportedly sold over 85 million records worldwidewith little radio or television support. The band won the Ivor Novello Award
for international achievement in 2002, and were also inducted into the Hollywood RockWalk
in Sunset Boulevard
, Los Angeles, California during their United States tour
in 2005. As of October 2009, the band have played over 2000 live shows throughout their career. For the past 30 years, the band have been supported by their famous mascot, "Eddie
", who has appeared on almost all of their album and single covers, as well as in their live shows.
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After several lineup changes
, Iron Maiden members settled on vocalist Paul Di'Anno
, guitarist Dave Murray
and drummer Doug Sampson
. The band released an EP
as a four piece, before hiring guitarist Dennis Stratton
in 1979. Drummer Clive Burr
replaced Sampson and the band released their self-titled debut album
in 1980. Later that year, Stratton was replaced by guitarist Adrian Smith
, due to musical and personal differences. During the tour
supporting their sophomore effort
, Di'Anno was fired from the band, due to excessive cocaine
abuse. Vocalist Bruce Dickinson
, who had just left his previous band
auditioned for Iron Maiden in September 1981 and joined shortly afterwards. In 1990, prior to the recordings of their eight studio album
, Smith left the due to lack of enthusiasm with the musical direction it was taking. Janick Gers
, an old friend of Dickinson who played in his debut solo album
, became the new guitarist. This formation recorded one more album
, before Dickinson departed in 1993, to further pursue his solo career. Maiden auditioned hundreds of vocalists, before settling on Blaze Bayley
. After releasing two studio albums, Bayley departed from the band by mutual consent, due to creative differences. In 1999, Dickinson and Smith rejoined Iron Maiden, which has since become a six-piece band, with four studio albums released by this lineup.
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Powerslave is the fifth studio album by the English heavy metal band Iron Maiden, released on September 2, 1984 on EMI in Europe and its sister label Capitol Records in the US (it was re-released by Sanctuary/Columbia Records in the US in 2002). It is notable for its Egyptian theme displayed in the album art, as well in the title track's musical style. It contains a musical re-telling of Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "Rime of the Ancient Mariner", which uses pieces of the original poem as lyrics, and is the longest song Iron Maiden have ever recorded at a length of 13 minutes and 38 seconds. The album is also notable amongst the band's albums as being the first album to feature the same lineup as the previous one. As of 2010, this is the last of the band's albums to contain an instrumental track: "Losfer Words (Big 'Orra)."
"2 Minutes to Midnight" and "Aces High" were released as singles, the former being a staple in nearly all of the band's concert tours. World Slavery Tour was the tour supporting the album.
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Paul Bruce Dickinson
(born 7 August 1958) is an English singer, airline pilot
, radio show host, fencer, author, and songwriter best known as the vocalist of the heavy metal
band Iron Maiden
Dickinson performed for some local bands including Styx (not the American band of the same name) in 1976, Speed, (1977–1978), and Shots in early 1979. He then joined hard rock band Samson later in 1979, where he gained some popularity. In this band he went by the name of "Bruce Bruce." He left Samson in 1981, citing musical differences. Shortly afterwards, in 1981, Dickinson was hired as Iron Maiden's new vocalist, debuting for that band with the 1982 album The Number of the Beast. During his time in that band, they issued a series of high impact releases, resulting in Dickinson gaining worldwide fame, and becoming one of the most acclaimed heavy metal vocalists of all time.
Dickinson quit Iron Maiden in 1993 in order to pursue his solo career, being replaced by Blaze Bayley. Dickinson's solo work ranged a wide variety of heavy metal and rock styles. Dickinson rejoined Maiden in 1999 along with guitarist Adrian Smith. Since then, Dickinson has only released one more solo album, Tyranny of Souls. He is the older cousin of Rob Dickinson, lead singer of British alternative rock band Catherine Wheel.
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