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Hagia Sophia ( Turkish: , from the Ayasofya Greek: Αγία Σοφία, " Holy Wisdom"; Latin: or Sancta Sophia Sancta Sapientia) is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between A.D. 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site (the previous two had both been destroyed by riots). It was designed by two architects, Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. The Church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 50 foot (15 m) silver iconostasis. It was the patriarchal church of the Patriarch of Constantinople and the religious focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly 1000 years.
Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and Sultan Mehmed II ordered the building to be converted into a mosque. . The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels were removed, and many of the [1 ] mosaics were eventually plastered over. The Islamic features — such as the mihrab, the minbar, and the four minarets outside — were added over the course of its history under the Ottomans. It remained as a mosque until 1935, when it was converted into a museum by the Republic of Turkey.
January selected anniversaries
(born January 11, 1970, in Mustafa Sandal Istanbul) is a famous Turkish pop singer.
(b. January 2, 1943 in Istanbul – d. February 1, 1999 in Istanbul) was a Barış Manço Turkish rock singer, composer, television producer and celebrity.
(b. January 12, 1876 in Istanbul – d. April 12, 1950 in Istanbul), was a Turkish Fevzi Çakmak soldier, prime minister, and a close companion-in-arms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
Ajda Pekkan (born February 12, 1946 in Istanbul) is a Turkish pop music singer and actress. Through a career spanning five decades thus far, Ajda has released more than 20 albums and with Sezen Aksu, is the most commercially successful female Turkish music artist with the sales of over 30 million copies worldwide. She is nicknamed the " Superstar" of Turkish pop music. Although famed for her music, Ajda started her career as an actress with appearances in almost 50 films.
During her music career, Ajda has recorded songs in 9 languages. Apart from
Turkish, she is also fluent in English and French. She also knows Azerbaijani and Italian.
The success of her songs resulted in a series of Turkish-language concerts with
Enrico Macias at the Paris Olympia in 1976. In acknowledgement of her nickname, Ajda released an album called Superstar in 1977. The same year, she participated in the Yamaha Music Festival in Tokyo to great success. She released German and French records in the early 1970s, and her Pour Lui, became very successful in France. At this pinnacle, she released her second album Süperstar II in 1979.
Ajda represented Turkey with the entry "
Pet'r Oil" at the Eurovision Song Contest 1980 in Den Haag, the Netherlands. She then decided to take a break and temporarily moved to the USA. After returning to Turkey, she recorded two failed albums, Sen Mutlu Ol (You be happy) and Sevdim Seni ( I Loved You) in the then current trend of Turkish music, but returned to her original type of Western pop and gave concerts in 1983 with enormous success. That same year, she released Süperstar III which she followed with Süperstar IV (1987). The album was a huge success; coincidentally, it is her only album that is not available on CD.
... that although banned in 1943, the
carnival, in Baklahorani Istanbul, revived after nearly 70 years? (January 19, 2012) ... that in the 16th century the
Church of St. Mary of Constantinople (pictured) in Istanbul was the center of a quarter mainly inhabited by Italians deported from the city of Caffa in Crimea? (December 4, 2011) ... that the
Florya Atatürk Marine Mansion (pictured), built in 1935 as a summer residence for Turkish president Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, is on the sea about 70 m (230 ft) offshore? (November 14, 2011) ... that the
early Christian Martyrion of Saints Carpus and Papylus, which is part of the complex in Church of Saint Menas Istanbul, currently houses two shops, an iron workshop and a car wash? (October 28, 2011) ... that the
in Church of St. George of Samatya Istanbul may have been given to the Armenian community because of the intercession of a favorite of Sultan Ibrahim? (October 22, 2011) ... that footballer
left Hasan Ahmet Sari Istanbul with his family after living through the 1999 İzmit earthquake? (August 18, 2011) ... that
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's took place twice, once immediately after his death in 1938 and then again in 1953? (May 1, 2011) state funeral ... that the
in Şeyh Süleyman Mosque Istanbul was almost certainly an annex of Constantinople's Monastery of Pantokrator in the Byzantine Age? (December 8, 2010) ... that the
Manastır Mosque (pictured) in Istanbul is one of the few surviving Byzantine religious buildings of Constantinople whose dedication remains uncertain? (November 9, 2010) ... that even though
Simeon I of Bulgaria burned the near the Church of St. Mary of the Spring Byzantine capital Constantinople, his son Peter married the daughter of Romanos I Lekapenos there three years later? (November 6, 2010) ... that the broken top of the
in Aviation Martyrs' Monument Istanbul is to symbolize the incomplete status of the flight missions? (September 21, 2010) ... that the
lighthouse was built in 1855 in order to provide safe navigation for the Rumeli Feneri French and British war ships entering the Istanbul Strait from Black Sea during the Crimean War? (June 14, 2010) ... that the sports hall of
Europe's largest was converted into a courtroom because the existing one was not big enough to accommodate the hearings of the prison complex in Istanbul Ergenekon trial? (February 11, 2010) ... that in 1983,
, a Yıldırım Aktuna neuropsychiatrist and later a politician, founded Turkey’s first alcohol and drug rehabilitation center at the country's largest psychiatric hospital in Istanbul? (December 31, 2009) ... that the 1976 crash of
, resulting in the death of 154 people, is the all-time worst Turkish Airlines Flight 452 aviation accident in Turkey? (October 8, 2009) Wikipedia:Recent additions 249 ... that
(1862-1936), whose portrait illustrates the reverse of the current 50 Fatma Aliye Topuz Turkish lira banknote, is credited as the first female Turkish and Muslim writer? (May 5, 2009) Wikipedia:Recent additions 244#5 May 2009 ... that human rights activist
, an Ayse Nur Zarakolu Amnesty International " prisoner of conscience", was arrested 30 times and jailed four for violating censorship laws in Turkey? (March 13, 2009) Wikipedia:Recent additions 242 ... that
hosts around 30,000 music fans every September for the annual Istanbul Hezarfen Airfield Rock'n Coke open air music festival? (January 20, 2009) Wikipedia:Recent additions 239 ... that the crash of
Turkish Airlines on 8 January 2003 was the worst crash involving a Flight 634 BAe 146? (January 4, 2009) Wikipedia:Recent additions 238 ... that after being deposed by his brother
Abdul Hamid II, Ottoman sultan Murad V was detained in the ? (December 16, 2008) Malta Pavilion Wikipedia:Recent additions 236 ... that the
in Khedive Palace Istanbul, Turkey, once a mansion for Ottoman governors, now serves as an upscale restaurant? (December 15, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 236 ... that the
Esma Sultana Mansion (pictured) , a multipurpose event venue in Istanbul, Turkey, looks ruined because only its interior was reconstructed after a 1975 fire? (December 1, 2008) ... that
in Süreyya Opera House Istanbul, built in 1927 as a musical theater but used all the time as a cinema, gained its intended status only in 2007 after redevelopment? (October 30, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 234 ... that the
Sultan is the oldest surviving Bayezid II Mosque Ottoman imperial mosque complex in Istanbul, Turkey? (August 13, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 226 ... that the
relics housed within the chapel near the in Church of St. Mary of Blachernae Istanbul were credited by the Byzantines for victories against the Avars, Arabs, and Rus? (July 15, 2008) ... that the
of 1936 is an international treaty regulating the Montreux Convention Dardanelles and Bosporus Straits? (July 8, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 221 ...that
in Sultanahmet Jail Istanbul, Turkey, which served mostly as a prison reserved for intellectual dissidents, is today a five-star hotel? (March 6, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 210 ...that restaurant
in Beyti Istanbul, famous for its Beyti kebab, once catered U.S. president Richard Nixon's Air Force One? (March 1, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 209 ...that
Hagia Sophia (pictured) in Turkey has left by runic inscriptions Vikings? (February 29, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 209 ...that the
Milion (pictured) of Constantinople was the origin of all the roads into the European cities of the Byzantine Empire? (February 27, 2008) ...that the award-winning
Turkish restaurant in Changa Istanbul is being supervised by the Kiwi chef Peter Gordon? (February 23, 2008) ...that the
was the major water-providing system of medieval Valens Aqueduct Constantinople and Ottoman Istanbul? (February 16, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 206 ...that the church of
in Hagia Thekla Constantinople, now a mosque, was rebuilt by Emperor Isaac I Komnenos as thanks for surviving a hunting accident? (January 15, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 200 ...that the
Koca Mustafa Pasha Mosque (pictured) in Istanbul features a cypress tree with a chain that was swung between two people who gave contradictory statements to determine which one was telling the truth? (January 14, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 200 ...that the ticket lottery site for the December 2007
featuring Ahmet Ertegün Tribute Concert Led Zeppelin, crashed due to over a billion page views of fans seeking to purchase the 20,000 tickets on sale? (January 8, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 198 ...that after the
Fall of Constantinople, the Ottomans demolished the to symbolize their capture of the city? (December 10, 2007) Column of Justinian Wikipedia:Recent additions 190 ...that the
has origins from the Galatasaray S.K. Ottoman Empire era? (December 4, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 190 ...that the
in Mosque of the Rose Istanbul is so named because on the day of the Fall of Constantinople the building was adorned with garlands of roses? (November 27, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 190 ...that
, a modern art museum in SantralIstanbul Istanbul, Turkey, is located in what was the first power station of the Ottoman Empire? (November 22, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 189 ...that the
mosque of Hirami Ahmet Pasha (pictured) in Istanbul is the smallest Byzantine church of Constantinople still extant? (November 18, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 187 ...that the
Romanian crude oil tanker burnt for weeks in 1979 after colliding with a freighter? (August 10, 2007) M/T Independenţa Wikipedia:Recent additions 161 ...that
designed the first railroad in Wilhelm von Pressel Turkey? (July 25, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 155 ...that the
in Mosque of Kefeli Istanbul was used jointly as a church by Roman Catholic and Armenian believers before becoming a mosque? (July 20, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 155 ...that the
Vefa Kilise Mosque (pictured) in Istanbul is one of the first examples of byzantine churches of Constantinople which were converted into mosques by the Ottomans? (July 13, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 154 ...that despite being a key building of middle
byzantine Architecture, the mosque of
Eski Imaret (pictured) is still one among the least studied monuments of Istanbul? (June 28, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 150 ...that the
Kalenderhane (pictured) in Istanbul contained the most ancient cycle of frescoes portraying Saint Francis of Assisi still extant? (May 27, 2007) ...that modern
nursing was founded by Florence Nightingale at the in Selimiye Barracks Istanbul, Turkey during the Crimean War (1854-1856)? (May 22, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 142 ...that the land of
, a burial ground in Haydarpaşa Cemetery Istanbul, Turkey for British Commonwealth soldiers from three wars, belonged to Suleiman the Magnificent? (May 16, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 141 ...that the
in Monument of Liberty Istanbul, the gathering place for the second rally of the Republic Protests, is a memorial for the 31 March Incident that took place in 1909? (May 4, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 139 ...that the
Fenari Isa Mosque (pictured) in Istanbul represents one of the first examples of edifices with a quincuncial plan in Byzantine architecture? (March 17, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 128 ...that
, part of ancient Karaköy Galata, and an important commercial and transport center at the Golden Horn, was the birthplace of André Chénier, a French poet beheaded during the French Revolution? (March 16, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 127 ...that
, a wealthy Matild Manukyan Turkish businesswoman of Armenian origin, made her fortune as a brothel owner? (March 14, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 127 ...that the
, established as a Ottoman Bank private bank in 1856, became a central bank in 1863 and issued banknotes in the Ottoman Empire and then Turkey until 1931? (March 8, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 125 ...that
in Baghdad Street Istanbul was named by Murad IV to commemorate his conquest of Mesopotamia? (January 12, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 116 ...that
reconstructed the dome of the Trdat the Architect Hagia Sophia in 989 and built the Cathedral of Ani? (January 6, 2007) Wikipedia:Recent additions 115 ...that the prosecution of writer and poet
for urging defiance of mandatory military service has complicated Perihan Magden Turkey's negotiations for membership in the European Union? (June 11, 2006) Wikipedia:Recent additions 71 ...that as many as 150 people a year attempt to commit
suicide by jumping from either the Bosporus Bridge or in Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge Turkey? (September 6, 2004) Wikipedia:Recent additions 14
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