Jacksonville is the most populous city proper in the U.S. state of Florida, and eleventh most populous in the United States. Originally called Wacca Pilatka by the Seminole and Cowford by the British, the city takes its present name from Andrew Jackson, the first military governor of the Florida Territory and seventh President of the United States.
In 1968, Jacksonville consolidated with Duval County, creating the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. Most of its metropolitan population is within the city limits; with an estimated population of 827,908. The entire metropolitan area had a population of 1,345,596 in 2010. Residents of Jacksonville are referred to as "Jacksonvillians" or "Jaxons".
The city is in Northeast Florida, centered on the banks of the St. Johns River, about 25 miles (40 km) south of the Georgia state line and about 340 miles (547 km) north of Miami. It is a major military and civilian deep-water port, housing two U.S. Navy bases and the Port of Jacksonville, Florida's third largest seaport. Significant sectors of the local economy include services such as banking, insurance, healthcare, logistics, and tourism
Malcolm X, 'The Ballot or the Bullet' (1964)
||And now you’re facing a situation where the young Negro’s coming up. They don’t want to hear that “turn the-other-cheek” stuff, no. In Jacksonville, those were teenagers, they were throwing Molotov cocktails. Negroes have never done that before. But it shows you there’s a new deal coming in. There’s new thinking coming in. There’s new strategy coming in. It’ll be Molotov cocktails this month, hand grenades next month, and something else next month. It’ll be ballots, or it’ll be bullets. It’ll be liberty, or it will be death. The only difference about this kind of death—it’ll be reciprocal.
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