From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Jamaica Portal

Flag of Jamaica Coat of arms of Jamaica
Location on the world map

Jamaica is an island nation of the Greater Antilles, 240 kilometers (150 mi) in length and as much as 85 kilometers (50 mi) in width situated in the Caribbean Sea. It is 635 kilometers (391 mi) east of the Central American mainland, 150 kilometers (93 mi) south of Cuba, and 180 kilometers (112 mi) west of the island of Hispaniola, on which Haiti and the Dominican Republic are situated. Its indigenous Arawakan-speaking Taíno inhabitants named the island Xaymaca, meaning either the "Land of Springs," or the "Land of Wood and Water." Formerly a Spanish possession known as Santiago, then the British West Indies Crown colony of Jamaica. It is the third most populous Anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada.

Selected article

Prime Minister Portia Simpson-Miller and the Leader of the Opposition Andrew Holness lead in their teams for the start of the 2012 Parliament session with their senior Members of Parliament following.
Politics of Jamaica takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy. Jamaica's current Constitution was drafted in 1962 by a bipartisan joint committee of the Jamaican legislature. It came into force with the Jamaica Independence Act, 1962 of the United Kingdom Parliament, which gave Jamaica political independence with a parliamentary system based on the United Kingdom model. As chief of state, Queen Elizabeth II appoints a largely ceremonial governor general, on the advice of the Prime Minister. Executive power is vested in the cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, and legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.

Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Jurisprudence is based on English common law.


Things you can do

Tasks clipboard

Selected picture

Sunrise over the south beach of Jamaica
Credit: Adam L. Clevenger

Sunrise over the south beach of Jamaica

In the news

  • August 17: Hurricane Dean is on a direct path toward the southern coast of Jamaica. The prime minister called an emergency meeting to prepare for the hurricane, which could disrupt the August 27 general elections. (iol World)


History First Maroon War | Second Maroon War | Baptist War
Geography Cities
Government Foreign relations | Elections
Politics Political parties
Economy Communications | Transport
Culture Music

Related portals

Related portals and portals of neighbouring countries:
CIA map Central America & Caribbean.png
Flag of Cuba.svg
Flag of Haiti.svg
Flag of Mexico.svg
Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg
Caribbean Cuba Haiti Mexico United States Puerto Rico

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Manuals and books Images and media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database

Purge server cache