Commander James Bond, also known as 007, is a fictional British secret service agent created by journalist, naval officer and author Ian Fleming, for the debut novel Casino Royale in 1953. He is the main protagonist of the James Bond series of novels, which consists of twelve novels and two short story collections published between 1953 and 1966, although the last two books—The Man with the Golden Gun and Octopussy and The Living Daylights—were published posthumously. Following Ian Fleming's death in 1964, many continuation novels or novelizations by Kingsley Amis, Christopher Wood, John Gardner, Raymond Benson, Sebastian Faulks and Jeffery Deaver were published; a series of Young Bond novels has also been written by Charlie Higson.
Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman's Eon Productions started a series of Bond film in 1962, with the release of Dr. No. Since then the Bond series has become one of the most successful and lucrative in the film industry spanning 23 films. There have also been two films produced by independent companies and one television adaptation. Seven actors have portrayed agent 007 on film: Sean Connery, David Niven, George Lazenby, Roger Moore, Timothy Dalton, Pierce Brosnan and Daniel Craig; he was also portrayed by Barry Nelson in the 1954 television adaptation Casino Royale.
In addition to novels and films, Bond is a prominent character in many comic strips and computer and video games and has been the subject of many parodies.
is Ian Fleming
's first James Bond novel
. It paved the way for a further eleven novels by Fleming himself, in addition to two short story collections
, followed by many "continuation" Bond novels by other authors.
The story entails James Bond, Special Agent 007 of the "Secret Service", travelling to the casino at Royale-Les-Eaux in order to bankrupt a fifth-columnist, Le Chiffre, the treasurer of a French union and a member of the Russian secret service. Bond is supported in his endeavours by Vesper Lynd, a member of his own service, as well as Felix Leiter of the CIA and René Mathis of the French Deuxième Bureau.
Since it was first published on 13 April 1953, Casino Royale has been adapted for the screen three times. The first was a 1954 episode of the CBS television series Climax! with Barry Nelson as CIA agent "Jimmy Bond". The first Casino Royale film was a 1967 spoof with David Niven playing "Sir James Bond", with the second being the twenty-first official film in the Eon Productions film series with Daniel Craig as James Bond, released on 17 November 2006. Casino Royale has also been published in comic strip format in a British national newspaper, The Daily Express.
Casino Royale was written by Ian Fleming in Jamaica over a period of around two months, largely from his own experiences and imagination; he also devised the artwork for the cover. The book was given broadly good reviews by the critics at the time and sold out in less than a month in the UK, although US sales a year later were much slower.
- 1 May - The SilverFin graphic novel is released in the UK.
- 28 May - Devil May Care, an adult Bond novel by Sebastian Faulks, will be released in honour of the centenary of Ian Fleming's birth.
- September - By Royal Command, the fifth Young Bond novel by Charlie Higson, is released in the UK.
- The Moneypenny Diaries: Final Fling, by Samantha Weinberg, released in the UK.
- 7 November - Quantum of Solace is released in cinemas.
- Autumn - A Limited Edition Collected Works of Ian Fleming was published by Queen Anne Press, including all the Bond novels and short stories as well as some previously unpublished material collected as Talk of The Devil.
- October-November - The Quantum of Solace video game was released for Windows, Nintendo DS, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Wii, and Xbox 360.
- 4 December - 24th film announced, titled Spectre
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