Portal:Karachi/Selected article

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This is a list of Selected Article that appear on the main page of the portal, numbered according to their position in the selection queue.

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Abdul Sattar Edhi, Nishan-e-Imtiaz, (Urdu: عبد الستار ایدھی), or Edhi, as he is often known, is one of the most active philanthropists in Pakistan. He is head of the Edhi Foundation in Pakistan. Edhi foundation branches are spread all over world. His wife Begum Bilquis Edhi, heads the Bilquis Edhi Foundation. They both received 1986 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service. He is also the recipient of the Lenin Peace Prize. Maulana Edhi, as he is often referred to, is of the Memon community. According to the Guinness World Records, Edhi Foundation has the largest private ambulance service network in the world. Edhi was born in 1928 in Bantva in the Gujarat state of present day India. His father was a textile trader and earned a modest income for his family. He was a natural born leader and would encourage his friends to hold tiny circuses and perform gymnastics for the locals. Edhi is to Karachi what Mother Teresa was to the poor of Calcutta. (More...)

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Karachi is the financial and commercial capital of Pakistan; it accounts for a lion's share of Pakistan's revenue generation. It generates over 68% of the total national revenue (federal and provincial taxes, customs and surcharges), Although a larger part than this amount account for as indirect tax contribution. Karachi produces about 42 percent of value added in large scale manufacturing and 25% of the GDP of Pakistan. In February 2007, the World Bank identified Karachi as the most business-friendly city in Pakistan. I I Chundrigar Road (formerly McLeod Road) was once the main business district of Karachi, but in recent years many businesses have moved to other areas such as Sharah-e-Faisal, MT Khan road, Mai Kolachi, Clifton and Defence. The traffic congestion in I.I. Chundrigar Road has made it difficult to travel to the center of the city in a timely manner. (More...)

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Fatima Jinnah (Urdu: فاطمہ جناح) (July 30, 1893 — July 8, 1967) was the sister of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan and an active political figure in movement for independence from the British Raj. She is commonly known in Pakistan as Khatoon-e-Pakistan (Urdu: — "Lady of Pakistan") and Madar-e-Millat ("Mother of the Nation.") She was born in Karachi, Pakistan, then a part of British India. She was admitted to the Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College in the University of Calcutta in 1919 and went on to open her dental clinic in Bombay in 1923. She was an instrumental figure in the Pakistan movement and the primary organiser of All India Muslim Women Students Federation. After the formation of Pakistan and the death of her brother, she remained an active member of the nation's politics. In 1965, Miss Fatima Jinnah ran for President as a candidate of the Combined Opposition Party (COP); widely believed to win the election, her loss came as a shock to the world community. The elecction is still regarded as rigged by most historians. She continued to work for the welfare of the Pakistani people until she died in Karachi on July 8, 1967. Of a family of seven brothers and sisters, she was the closest to Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Her illustrious brother became her guardian upon the death of their father in 1901. She joined the Bandra Convent in Bombay in 1902. In 1919 she got admitted to the highly competitive University of Calcutta where she attended the Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College. After she graduated, she opened a dental clinic in Bombay in 1923. (More...)

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Jahangir Khan, HI (born December 10, 1963, in Karachi, Pakistan) (sometimes spelled "Jehangir Khan") is a former World No. 1 professional squash player from Pakistan, who is considered by many to be the greatest player in the history of the game. During his career he won the World Open six times and the British Open a record ten times. Between 1981 and 1986, he was unbeaten in competitive play for five years. During that time he won 555 matches consecutively. This was not only the longest winning streak in squash history, but also one of the longest unbeaten runs by any athlete in top-level professional sports. He retired as a player in 1993, and has served as President of the World Squash Federation since 2002. In 1981, when he was 17, Jahangir became the youngest winner of the World Open, beating Australia's Geoff Hunt (the game's dominant player in the late-1970s) in the final. That tournament marked the start of an unbeaten run which lasted for five years and over 500 matches. The hallmark of his play was his incredible fitness and stamina, which Rehmat Khan helped him build-up through a punishing training and conditioning regime. Jahangir was quite simply the fittest player in the game, and would wear his opponents down through long rallies played at a furious pace. In 1982, Jahangir astonished everyone by winning the International Squash Players Association Championship without losing a single point. (More...)

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Mohammad Javed Miandad Khan (Urdu: محمد جاوید میانداد ) (born June 12, 1957 in Karachi, Pakistan), popularly known as Javed Miandad (Urdu: جاوید میانداد) is a former Pakistani cricketer who played between 1975 and 1996. He is generally regarded as Pakistan's greatest ever batsman, and among the top tier in cricket history. He also had three successful albeit controversial coaching stints with the Pakistan national team. Miandad made his Test debut against New Zealand at Lahore on 9 October 1976. He scored a century in this match, thus becoming the youngest player to do so on debut. In the same series he scored a double century, and on his way broke George Headley's 47 year record, to become the youngest player to achieve the feat. Miandad made his One Day International debut against the West Indies at Edgbaston, Birmingham in the Cricket World Cup 1975. Miandad made his Test debut against New Zealand at Lahore on 9 October 1976. He scored a century in this match, thus becoming the youngest player to do so on debut. In the same series he scored a double century, and on his way broke George Headley's 47 year record, to become the youngest player to achieve the feat. Miandad made his One Day International debut against the West Indies at Edgbaston, Birmingham in the Cricket World Cup 1975. (More...)

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Nadirshaw Edulji Dinshaw University of Engineering and Technology (NED University) is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. NED University of Science & Technology was founded in 1921 as Prince of Wales Engineering College in the honour of visiting Prince of Wales.The foundation of this new college, which is now the oldest & prestegious of the engineering institutes in Pakistan, was laid with the help of donations of many dignitaries and philanthropists of Karachi city including substantial financial assistance from heirs of Nadirshaw Edulji Dinshaw on his first death anniversary . The College was renamed as NED Engineering College in 1924 in honour of the philanthropist Nadirshaw Edulji Dinshaw. After Pakistan's independence in 1947, the provincial government of Sindh took over the management of the College and renamed it to NED Government Engineering College, Karachi. NED University has the reputation of providing the most talented engineering students in Pakistan. It is the most competitive university and is the first choice of all the students who wish to pursue engineering from Pakistan. Its graduates are highly in demand by companies like Mobilink, Warid, PTCL, KESC, Siemens, Motorolla, Microsoft, Intel and other multi-nationals. While those who choose to continue their studies routinely gain admission to highly reputed universities such as TUM(Germany), RWTH-Aachen (Germany), Stanford (U.S.), Imperial College of London (U.K.) and other prestigious institutes. (More...)

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Jinnah International Airport previously Qu'aid-e-Azam International Airport (IATA: KHIICAO: OPKC) is Pakistan's largest international and domestic airport. It is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, and is also commonly known as the Jinnah Terminal. The airport is named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was also known as Quaid-e-Azam ("Great Leader"). The airport provides primary hub for the flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) and Airblue as well as many other private airlines. The airport is equipped with aircraft engineering and overhauling facilities including the Ispahani Hangar for wide-body aircraft. (More...)

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The city of Karachi is a major transport hub of Pakistan. The Karachi port and airport major gateways in Pakistan. The Karachi Railway stations transports the major part of Pakistan's trade with other countries. The Auto rickshaw are locally known as Rickshah (Urdu: رکشه ), and used mainly by the lower-middle-class, it is a popular mode of transport for short routes within Karachi. Karachi is linked by rail to the rest of the country by the Pakistan Railways. The Karachi City Station and Karachi Cantonment Station are the city's two major railway stations. The railway system handles a large amount of freight to and from the Karachi port apart from providing passenger services to people travelling up country. Plans are underway to extend the intra-city railway system to play a part in the city's mass transit through Karachi Circular Railway system. Currently, primarily motorists and minibuses handle commuter traffic, but there are plans to construct a light-rail based mass transit system in the city to decongest the roads and provide quick service to commuters. (More...)

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Karachi is the largest and most populous city in Pakistan. The population and demographic distribution in the megacity has undergone numerous changes over the past 150 years. On 14 August 1947 when it became the capital city of a new Dominion of Pakistan, its population was about 450,000 inhabitants. However, the population rapidly grew with large influx of refugees from neighbouring Union of India (after the partition of British India). By 1951, the city population had crossed one million mark. In the following decade, the rate of growth of Karachi was over 80 percent. Today, the city has grown 60 times its size in 1947 when it became the country's first capital. Whereas most megacities in the developing world have grown out of rural-urban migration from the countryside not too distant from them, Karachi's demographics are based on long-distance immigration. Before the independence of Pakistan, Karachi already had a mix of religious and ethnic groups. After independence, most of the Muslim refugees settled in Karachi. Likewise, a large number of Hindus left the city for India. Predominantly Urdu speaking, known as Muhajirs formed the dominant ethnic group in Karachi. In Karachi, there are representatives of many religious groups; the largest group is Muslims, and of this group, 90% are Sunnis and 10% are Shia. Other minority religious groups include Christians, Jews, Hindus, and Zoroastrians. (More...)

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Dr Salimuzzaman Siddiqui (Urdu سلیم الزّماںصدّیقی; Hindustani pronunciation: [səliːmʊzəmã sɪðiqi]; 19 October 1897 – 14 April 1994) was a leading Pakistani scientist in chemistry. He is credited with isolating unique chemical compounds from the Neem (Azadirachta indica), Rauwolfia, and various other flora. As the founding director of H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, he revolutionised the research on pharmacology of various domestic plants found in South Asia to extract novel chemical substances of medicinal importance. In addition to his scientific talents, Siddiqui was also a painter, a poet, and a great connoisseur of music. His paintings were exhibited in Germany, India, and Pakistan. Siddiqui's first medical breakthrough came when isolated an antiarrhythmic agent in 1931 from the roots of Rauvolfia serpentina. He named the newly discovered chemical compound as Ajmaline, after his mentor Hakim Ajmal Khan who was one of the illustrious practitioners of Unani system of medicine in South Asia. Later on, Siddiqui also extracted other alkaloids from Rauwolfia serpentina that included Ajmalinine, Ajmalicine, Isoajmaline, Neoajmaline, Serpentine and Serpentinine. Many of these are still used worldwide for treatment of mental disorders and cardiovascular ailments, especially as antiarrhythmic agents in Brugada syndrome. (More...)

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Lyari River (Urdu:لیاری ندی) is a small ephemeral stream that flows through the Pakistani megacity of Karachi from north east to the center and drains into the Arabian Sea at the Monora channel. It is one of the two rivers of Karachi, the other one being Malir River. The river is about 50 kilometres (30 miles) long. As a seasonal river it carrys the collected water after the rains in the catchment area. Until 1950s, the river held clean water and fish, with farming activities on its banks. However, after the independence of Pakistan from British colonialism in 1947, when Karachi was announced as the capital city of the new country, a large influx of refugees from various Indian states as well as from other provinces of Pakistan came to live in the city. With rapid growth of the city's economy, industry, and population, the river's ecology was transformed and it gradually continued to discharge waste water, sewage and industrial effluents. The project, Lyari Expressway comprises a 16.5 kilometre (10¼ mile) stretch of elevated expressway running along both sides of the river, cutting through the city to Karachi Port, as an extension/alternative to the Northern Bypass. (More...)

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Manora or Manoro (Urdu: جزیرہ منوڑا ) is a small island (2.5 km²) located just south of the Port of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. The island is connected to the mainland by a 12 kilometer long causeway called the Sandspit. Manora and neighboring islands form a protective barrier between Karachi harbor to the north and the Arabian Sea to the south. The western bay of the harbor contains endangered mangrove forests which border the Sandspit and Manora island. To the east is Karachi Bay and the beach towns of Kiamari and Clifton. The island is located at 24°48′00″N 66°58′00″E / 24.80000°N 66.96667°E / 24.80000; 66.96667 (24.800000, 66.970000). There are several ethnic groups including Muhajirs, Punjabis, Sindhis, Kashmiris, Seraikis, Pakhtuns, Balochis, Memons, Bohras, Ismailis, etc. Over 99% of the population is Muslim. (More...)

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The Port of Karachi (Urdu: بندر گاہ كراچى ) is Pakistan's largest and busiest seaport, handling about 60% of the nation's cargo (25 million tons per annum). The port is located at 24°50′00″N 66°58′30″E / 24.83333°N 66.97500°E / 24.83333; 66.97500 between the Karachi towns of Kiamari and Saddar, close to the heart of old Karachi. The port is located close to the main business district of Karachi and several industrial areas. The geographic position of Karachi places the port in close proximity to major shipping routes such as the Straits of Hormuz. The administration of the port is carried out by the Karachi Port Trust which was established in the nineteenth century.The port comprises a deep natural harbour with an 11 km long approach channel which provides safe navigation for vessels up to 75,000 DWT. The main areas of port activity are two wharves; East Wharf with seventeen vessel berths and West Wharf with thirteen vessel berths. The maximum depth alongside the berths is currently 11.3 metres. (More...)

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The University of Karachi (Urdu: جامعہ كراچى ) is located in the city of Karachi, Province of Sindh, Pakistan. It is the largest public university in the country with a student population of 30,000. According to the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan, it is ranked among the top ten universities of the country. The university has made itself known by producing the largest amount of research output in terms of patent, international peer reviewed, journals and organizing regular academic conferences. It was chartered by the Majlis ash-Shura in September 1950 via an Act of Parliament. The university was established in June 1951, the fourth oldest university in Pakistan and the first in Karachi. The campus of the university is spread over an area of nearly 1300 to 1700 acres. The university consists of 58 departments systemized into eight faculties: Arts, Commerce, Science, Pharmacy, Education, Medicine, Law, and Islamic Studies. In addition, there are 17 research centers and 130 affiliated colleges. It also offers morning and evening courses on Bachelors and Masters programs. There are approximately 25,000 students in the morning session and around 22,500 students have been enrolled as private candidates. The University of Karachi has had the distinction of producing major personalities of Pakistan such as internationally acclaimed Islamic scholar and historian, Dr. Ishtiaq Husain Qureshi, Dr. Mahmud Husain, Dr. Manzur Ahmad, Dr. Jamil Jalbi, Dr. Abdul Wahhab. The alumni are also recognized for their participation in national politics. (More about K.U....)

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Jaun Elia (also transliterated into English as Jon and Joan) (Urdu: جون ایلیا) (December 14, 1931 - November 8, 2002) was a notable Pakistani Urdu poet, philosopher, biographer and scholar of the Indian subcontinent. He was widely praised for his unique style of writing. He was the brother of renowned journalist and psychoanalyst Rais Amrohvi and journalist and world-renowned philosopher Syed Muhammad Taqi, and husband of famous columnist Zahida Hina. He was a man of letters, well versed in Arabic, English, Persian, Sanskrit and Hebrew. Jaun Elia was born on December 14, 1931 in an illustrious family of Amroha, Uttar Pradesh. He was the youngest of his siblings. His father, Allama Shafiq Hasan Elia, was deeply involved in art and literature and also an astrologer and a poet. This literary environment modeled him along the same lines, and he wrote his first Urdu couplet when he was just 8. An eminent Urdu literary critic, Dr. Muhammad Ali Siddiqui has called Jaun Elia one of the three most eminent ghazal poets of Urdu of the second half of the twentieth century. He acquired encyclopedic knowledge of philosophy, logic, Islamic history, the Muslim Sufi tradition, Muslim religious sciences, Western literature, and Kabbala. He also synthesized this knowledge into his poetry that also differentiates him from his modern contemporaries. (More...)

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