Portal:Kingdom of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Welcome to the Kingdom of France Portal!

Royal Standard of the King of France.svg

The Kingdom of France is the name of a political system which existed in France from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, and at the beginning of the modern era. With the proclamation of the French Republic on September 21 1792, the Kingdom of France was replaced by the French Republic, then the First French Empire, the French Restoration which lasted from 1814/1815. The Kingdom of France ceased to exist after the French Revolution of 1848.

Show new selections

Selected article

France's influence in Italy (1521–25).

The Italian War of 1521–26, sometimes known as the Four Years' War, was a part of the Italian Wars. The war pitted Francis I of France and the Republic of Venice against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Henry VIII of England, and the Papal States. The conflict arose from animosity over the election of Charles as Emperor in 1519–20 and from Pope Leo X's need to ally with Charles against Martin Luther.

The war broke out across Western Europe late in 1521 when the French invaded Navarre and the Low Countries. Imperial forces overcame the invasion and attacked northern France, where they were stopped in turn. The Pope, the Emperor, and Henry VIII then signed a formal alliance against France, and hostilities began on the Italian Peninsula. At the Battle of Bicocca, Imperial and Papal forces defeated the French, driving them from Lombardy. Following the battle, fighting again spilled onto French soil, while Venice made a separate peace. The English invaded France in 1523, while Charles de Bourbon, alienated by Francis's attempts to seize his inheritance, betrayed Francis and allied himself with the Emperor. A French attempt to regain Lombardy in 1524 failed and provided Bourbon with an opportunity to invade Provence at the head of a Spanish army.

Read More....

Selected biography

Marie Antoinette at age 13 by Martin van Meytens, 1767.

Marie Antoinette baptised Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna (or Maria Antonia Josephina Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was an Archduchess of Austria from 1755 to 1770, a Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and the Queen of France and of Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa.

In April 1770, on the day of her marriage to Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France, she became Dauphine of France. Marie Antoinette assumed the title of Queen of France and of Navarre when her husband, Louis XVI of France, ascended the throne upon the death of Louis XV in May 1774. After seven years of marriage, she gave birth to a daughter, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte, the first of four children.

Initially charmed by her personality and beauty, the French people generally came to dislike her, accusing "L'Autrichienne" (meaning the Austrian (woman) in French) of being profligate, promiscuous, and of harboring sympathies for France's enemies, particularly Austria, her country of origin. The Diamond Necklace incident further ruined her reputation. Although she was completely innocent in this affair, she became known as Madame Déficit.

The royal family's flight to Varennes had disastrous effects on French popular opinion, Louis XVI was deposed and the monarchy abolished on 21 September 1792; the royal family was subsequently imprisoned at the Temple Prison. Nine months after her husband's execution, Marie Antoinette was herself tried, convicted of treason, and executed by guillotine on 16 October 1793.

Even after her death, Marie Antoinette is often considered to be a part of popular culture and a major historical figure, being the subject of several books, films and other forms of media. Some academics and scholars have deemed her frivolous and superficial, and have attributed the start of the French Revolution to her; however, others have claimed that she was treated unjustly and that views of her ought be more sympathetic.

Read more...

Wikiprojects

Flag of France.svg
OrteliusWorldMap.jpeg
CrownForShield.svg
France Former Countries Royalty and Nobility
WikiProject Directory

Selected picture

Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg
The Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France

Kingdom of France News

Prince Louis Alphonse of Bourbon, Duke of Anjou (French: Louis Alphonse Gonzalve Victor Emmanuel Marc de Bourbon; Spanish: Luis Alfonso Gonzalo Víctor Manuel Marco de Borbón y Martínez-Bordiú; born 25 April 1974, Madrid) is a claimant to the French throne, and considered to be the head of the French Royal House by Legitimists who consider the renunciation of Philip V of Spain as invalid. As king, he would be named Louis XX of France.

Those Unionist monarchists who do accept the renunciation of Philip V of Spain recognize, Prince Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France (Henri Philippe Pierre Marie d'Orléans; born on 14 June 1933) as the proper heir and claimant of the French throne as head of the Orleans line of the Bourbon dynasty. As king he would be named Henri VII of France.

Did you know...

The Sun King

Louis XIV, King of France, in 1661

For most of the reign of Louis XIV (1643–1715), France was the dominant power in Europe, aided by the diplomacy of Richelieu's successor (1642–1661) Cardinal Mazarin. Cardinal Mazarin oversaw the creation of a French navy that rivaled England's, expanding it from 25 ships to almost 200. The size of the army was also considerably increased. Renewed war (the War of Devolution 1667-1668 and the Franco-Dutch War 1672-1678) brought further territorial gains (Artois and western Flanders and the free county of Burgundy, left to the Empire in 1482), but at the cost of the increasingly concerted opposition of rival powers, and a legacy of enormous national debt. An adherent of the theory of the divine right of kings, which advocates the divine origin and lack of temporal restraint of monarchical rule, Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a centralized state governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versailles, succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during Louis' minority.

Featured and Good content

Featured articles related to Kingdom of France

Featured articles:

Things you can do

Things you can do


Selected panorama

131Etendue de l'Empire Français.png
Photo credit: commons:User:Gd21091993

Extent of Kingdom of France (green)

Categories


Related portals

Portal:Italian WarsMarignano.jpg
Portal:CanadaNaval Flag of the Kingdom of France (Civil Ensign).svg
Portal:EuropeEurope green light.png
Portal:Military History of FrancePavillon royal de France.svg
Portal:New FrancePavillon LouisXIV.svg
Portal:QuebecFlag of Quebec.svg
Italian Wars Canada Europe Military hist
of France
New France Quebec

Associated Wikimedia

Kingdom of France on Wikinews French people on Wikiquote Kingdom of France on Wikibooks Kingdom of France on Wikisource French on Wiktionary Kingdom of France on Wikimedia Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Texts Definitions Images
link=Wikinews:Portal:Kingdom of France
Wikiquote-logo.svg
Wikibooks-logo.svg
Wikisource-logo.svg
Wiktionary-logo-en-35px.png
Commons-logo.svg