The Library and Information Science Portal
Library science and information science are two closely related and often intersecting disciplines that deal primarily with the organization and retrieval of information.
Library science is an interdisciplinary social science incorporating the humanities, law and applied science and studying topics related to libraries; the collection, organization and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. Library science has also historically included archival science, although a conceptual distinction between libraries and archives has evolved over time.
Amongst the varied topics of study that fall within library science: how information resources are organized to serve the needs of select user groups; how people interact with classification systems and technology; how information is acquired, evaluated and applied by people in and outside of libraries as well as cross-culturally; how people are trained and educated for careers in libraries; the ethics that guide library service and organization; the legal status of libraries and information resources, and the applied science of information technology used in documentation and records management. Library science is constantly evolving, incorporating new topics like database management, information architecture and knowledge management.
Information science (also referred to as information studies) is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. Information science studies the application and usage of knowledge in organizations, and the interaction between people, organizations and information systems. It is often, though not exclusively, studied as a branch of computer science or informatics and is closely related to the cognitive and social sciences.
The Library of Congress
is the de facto national library
of the United States
and the research arm of the United States Congress
. Located in Washington, D.C.
, it is one of the largest and most important libraries in the world. Its collections include more than 30 million catalogued books and other print materials in 470 languages, more than 58 million manuscripts, the largest rare book collection in North America
, including a Gutenberg Bible
, one of only three perfect vellum copies known to exist, over 1 million US Government
publications, 1 million issues of world newspapers
spanning the past three centuries, 33,000 bound newspaper volumes, 500,000 microfilm
reels, over 6,000 comic book
titles, the world's largest collection of legal materials, films
, 4.8 million maps
, sheet music
, and 2.7 million sound recordings
. The head of the Library is the Librarian of Congress
||So the America I loved still exists, if not in the White House or the Supreme Court or the Senate or the House of Representatives or the media. The America I love still exists at the front desks of our public libraries.
||— Kurt Vonnegut, In These Times (August 26, 2004)
(13 April 1743 N.S.
–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States
(1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence
(1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers
for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States
. Major events during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase
(1803) and the Lewis and Clark Expedition
(1804–1806). After the British burned Washington, D.C.
and the Library of Congress
in August 1814, Jefferson offered his own collection to the nation. In January 1815, Congress accepted his offer, appropriating $23,950 for his 6,487 books, and the foundation was laid for a great national library. Today, the Library of Congress
' website for federal legislative information is named THOMAS, in honor of Jefferson.
- March,2012, Muhammad Shahid Soroya elected as President Punjab University Library & Information Science Alumni Association (PULISAA) in Pakistan
- September 21, 2011 - Library vendor OverDrive, Inc. adds Amazon Kindle compatible E-books to public and school libraries, allowing library lending over Amazon's Whispernet technology.(OverDrive)
Topics in library and information science