Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Brill tramway system diagram.png
The Brill Tramway was a six-mile (10 km) rail line in the Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire, England. It was privately built in 1871 by the 3rd Duke of Buckingham as a horse tram line to serve his estate around Wotton House and connect to the national rail network. In 1872 it was extended to Brill and converted to passenger use in early 1872. Two locomotives were bought but the line had been built for horses and trains travelled at average 4 miles per hour (6.4 km/h).

The line was upgraded in 1894 and rebuilt in 1910 by the Metropolitan Railway which introduced more advanced locomotives, allowing trains to run faster. The population of the area remained low, and the primary income remained goods to and from farms. Between 1899 and 1910 other lines were built in the area, providing more direct services to London and the north of England. The Brill Tramway went into financial decline.

In 1933 the Metropolitan Railway became part of London Transport. The Brill Tramway became part of the London Underground, despite being 40 miles (65 km) from London and not being underground. Seeing little possibility that the line could become a viable passenger route, London Transport closed the Brill Tramway in 1935. Little trace remains other than the former junction station at Quainton Road, now the Buckinghamshire Railway Centre.

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James Henry Greathead (6 August 1844 - 21 October 1896) was a civil engineer known for his pioneering development of tunnelling techniques and for his work on London's underground railways. In 1869, working under Peter W. Barlow, he became engineer in charge of driving the tunnel of the Tower Subway under the River Thames using a tunnelling shield he designed based on Barlow's own slightly earlier patented design.

Greathead developed and patented a number of improvements to the Barlow shield and the improved design carried their joint names. Greathead also developed the use of a segmented cast iron lining for the circular tunnel, erected in sections from which the shield was jacked forward. Greathead was then involved in the planning and construction of a number of railways in Britain and Ireland, until, in 1884, he was appointed engineer for the City and South London Railway, the world's first underground electric railway when it opened in 1890. Greathead subsequently worked on the Waterloo and City Railway, the Liverpool Overhead Railway and the early planning of the Central London Railway.

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Central London Railway poster, published in 1905.
Credit: DavidCane

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  • ...that, in January 2005, London Underground announced that it would play classical music at stations prone to loitering by youths? A trial had shown a 33% drop in abuse against staff. This had been first tried, with success, on the Tyne and Wear Metro.
  • ...that the original carriages on the City and South London Railway were nicknamed "padded cells" due to their high backed cushioned seats and very small windows?
  • ...that at 44 tons, the locomotives of the Central London Railway's first underground trains were so heavy that they shook buildings as they passed 60 feet below and were scrapped after three years?

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1910 London to Manchester air race · Albert Bridge, London · Aldwych tube station · Baker Street and Waterloo Railway · Battersea Bridge · Brill railway station · Brill Tramway · Central London Railway · Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway · Chelsea Bridge · City & South London Railway · Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway · Herne Hill railway station · Holden, Charles · List of former and unopened London Underground stations · List of London Underground stations · List of works by Charles Holden · London Necropolis Company · Metropolitan Railway · Pick, Frank · Quainton Road railway station · RAF Northolt · Richmond Bridge, London · Speyer, Edgar · Stanley, Albert, 1st Baron Ashfield · Timeline of the London Underground · Underground Electric Railways Company of London · Vauxhall Bridge · Waddesdon Road railway station · Wandsworth Bridge · Westcott railway station · Wood Siding railway station · Wotton railway station
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Brill Tramway · Underground Electric Railways Company of London
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A1 in London · A215 road · Barlow, William Henry · Blackwall Tunnel · Bow Back Rivers · British Airways · British Airways, History of · BOAC Flight 712 · Chesham branch · Chiswick Bridge · Denmark Street · District Railway · Embankment tube station · Eurostar · Fowler, Sir John, 1st Baronet · Gloucester Road tube station · Hammersmith & City line · Hammerton's Ferry · High Speed 1 · Holborn tube station · Infrastructure of the Brill Tramway · London Country North East · London Necropolis Railway · London Necropolis railway station · London Paddington station · London Underground departmental stock · M11 link road protest · Pearson, Charles · South Kensington tube station · Tillingbourne Bus Company · Upminster Bridge tube station · Westminster tube station · Wimbledon and Sutton Railway

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