The state of Louisiana is located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans. As of the 2010 Census the New Orleans population was 343,800, an increase of 88,800 people since the Census Bureau's count in July 2006. The population within the city limits of Baton Rouge was 224,000 pre-Katrina and according to the Census Bureau the population increased to about 232,000 in the year following Katrina. Other data suggest that even with its many post-Katrina problems, New Orleans is repopulating faster than Baton Rouge.
Poverty Point, known for its mound construction, is an archaeological site in northeastern Louisiana (near the town of Epps), overlooking the Mississippi River flood plain. The name derives from the Poverty Point plantation, which included the site's land in modern times. It was constructed c. 1730 BC–1350 BC by American Indians of the archaic Poverty Point culture that inhabited the Mississippi Delta at that time, and continued to develop further in the centuries to come.The earthen structures were built and enlarged for centuries, with the site reaching its final form at about 1000 BC. It is referred to by some as the first true city of North America, although the population is unlikely to have exceeded 2000 individuals at any time.
The site is a wide, 400 acre (1.6 km²) plaza consisting of six concentric earthen ridges. The ridges may have originally been six feet high. Aisles intersected the ridges, leading directly from the center to the perimeter. Unique in the configuration of its earthen structures — notably concentric, semi-elliptical ridges of great size — it had no equal in grandeur in its day. "Clearly an earth-moving project of this magnitude and sophistication, no matter how protracted over time, required not only a large pool of labor, but also formal orchestration...geometric patterning among Archaic mounds, including those of Poverty Point, is an archaeological fact whose significance lies not so much in the labor needed to erect them, but in the ideas needed to conceive of them." (read more . . . )