Portal:Lyon

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Lyon


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Lyon, also known as Liyon in Arpetan, is a city in east-central France in the region Rhône-Alpes. Its name is pronounced About this sound [ljɔ̃]  in French and Arpitan, and /lˈɒn/ (Lyon) or /ˈl.ənz/ (Lyons) in English. Lyon is the second-largest French urban area, the first being Paris and the third Marseille. It is a major center of business, situated between Paris and Marseille, and has a reputation as the French capital of gastronomy and having a significant role in the history of cinema with Auguste and Louis Lumière. The local professional football team, Olympique Lyonnais, has increased the profile of Lyon internationally through participation in European football championships. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais.

Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon forms the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris, with a population estimated to be 1,748,271 in urban area. Its administrative urban region called Urban Community of Lyon, represents 20% of the Rhône-Alpes région population with 1,2 million inhabitant. Lyon is also a major industrial center specializing in chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. There is also a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games.



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Lugdunum

In the Gallic Empire, Lyon was Lugdunum and was the Capital of Gaul. For 300 years after its foundation Lugdunum was the most important city in north-western Europe. Two emperors, Claudius (Germanicus) and Caracalla, were born in Lugdunum. The original Roman city was situated west of the confluence of the Rhône and Saône, on the Fourvière heights. By the late centuries of the empire much of the population was located in the Saône River valley at the foot of Fourvière.

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Paul Bocuse
Paul Bocuse
b. February 11, 1926

Paul Bocuse, born in Collonges-au-Mont-d'Or near Lyon, is a French chef, considered one of the finest chefs of the 20th century. He is widely credited with being one of the first chefs to emerge from the kitchen and to enter public life. In this role, he has extensively traveled for several decades, promoting French cuisine, starting restaurants and culinary institutions, and participating in other business ventures.
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The Rib vaults of the church of Saint Nizier
Credit: Alessandro Marchetti

The Rib vaults of the church of Saint Nizier

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