), occasionally known as the Bay lynx
, is a North American mammal
of the cat family, Felidae
. With twelve recognized subspecies
, it ranges from southern Canada
to northern Mexico
, including much of the continental United States
. The bobcat is an adaptable predator
that inhabits wooded areas, as well as semi-desert, urban edge, and swampland environments. It persists in much of its original range and populations are healthy.
With a gray to brown coat, whiskered face, and black-tufted ears, the bobcat resembles the other species of the mid-sized Lynx genus. It is smaller than the Canadian Lynx, with which it shares parts of its range, but is about twice as large as the domestic cat. It has distinctive black bars on its forelegs and a black-tipped, stubby tail, from which it derives its name.
Though the bobcat prefers rabbits and hares, it will hunt anything from insects and small rodents to deer and pronghorn antelope. Prey selection depends on location and habitat, season, and abundance. Like most cats, the bobcat is territorial and largely solitary, although there is some overlap in home ranges. It uses several methods to mark its territorial boundaries, including claw marks and deposits of urine or feces. The bobcat breeds from winter into spring and has a gestation period of about two months.
Frederick William Hall, VC
(February 8, 1885 – April 24, 1915) was an Irish
born soldier in the Canadian Expeditionary Force
, and recipient of the Victoria Cross
, the highest award for gallantry "in the face of the enemy", during the First World War
Born in Ireland, (Kilkenny, February 8, 1885) he emigrated to Canada around 1910, and lived in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He was 30 years old, and a Company Sergeant-Major in the 8th (Winnipeg Rifles) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War when he performed a deed for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross.
It was on the night of April 23/24 1915 during the Second Battle of Ypres in Belgium that Hall discovered a number of missing men. On the ridge above he could hear moans from the wounded men. Under cover of darkness he went to the top of the ridge on two separate occasions and returned each time with a wounded man.
By nine o'clock the next morning (April 24) there were still some missing men. In broad daylight and under a hail of enemy fire Hall and Cpl Payne and Pte Rogerson crawled out toward the wounded. Payne and Rogerson were both wounded, but returned to the shelter of the front line. When a wounded man, who was lying some 15 yards from the trench, called for help, Company Sergeant-Major Hall endeavored to reach him in the face of very heavy enfilade fire by the enemy.