Massachusetts i//, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. It is the 7th smallest, but the 14th most populous and the 3rd most densely populated of the 50 United States, and has the United States' sixth highest GDP per capita.
Massachusetts has played a significant historical, cultural, and commercial role in American history. Plymouth was the site of the colony founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims. Harvard University, founded in 1636, is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. The Protestant First Great Awakening originated from the pulpit of Northampton, Massachusetts preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution. In 1786, a populist revolt led directly to the Constitutional Convention. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the temperance, transcendentalist, and abolitionist movements. In the late 19th century, basketball and volleyball were invented in Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage.
Originally dependent on fishing, agriculture, and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts' economy shifted from manufacturing to services. In the 21st century, Massachusetts is a leader in higher education, health care technology, high technology, and financial services.
is an American heavy metal
band from Lawrence, Massachusetts
, formed in 1995. The band is composed of founder, frontman and songwriter Sully Erna
, guitarist Tony Rombola
, bassist Robbie Merrill
, and drummer Shannon Larkin
. Since its formation, Godsmack has released five studio albums, one EP
, four DVDs, one compilation album
collection and one live album
During their first two years the band played throughout the Boston area. Eventually Godsmack's CD landed in the hands of Rocko, the night-time DJ for Boston radio station WAAF (FM). The radio station put the song "Keep Away" into heavy rotation and the song rose to the number one spot at the station very quickly. Newbury Comics, a New England record store chain, agreed to sell the CD on consignment. Shortly after the success of "Keep Away", Godsmack went back into the studio and recorded a single titled "Whatever", which became the new local favorite on WAAF (FM). Their success in Boston led to the band being signed by the Universal/Republic Records label.
The band has had three consecutive number one albums (Faceless, IV, and The Oracle) on the Billboard 200. The band also has parked a ratified 20 top ten rock radio hits, including 15 songs in the Top Five, a record number of top ten singles by a rock artist. Since its inception, Godsmack has toured on Ozzfest on more than one occasion, and has toured with many other large tours and festivals, including supporting its albums with its own arena tours. Godsmack has sold over 20 million records in just over a decade, yet despite the decline of album sales in recent years, they have proven to be one of the highest-grossing artists in the United States.
James Bowdoin II
was an American political and intellectual leader from Boston
during the American Revolution
. He served in both branches of the Massachusetts General Court
from the 1750s to the 1770s. Although he was initially supportive of the royal governors, he opposed British colonial policy and eventually became an influential advocate of independence. He authored a highly political report on the 1770 Boston Massacre
that has been described as one of the most influential pieces of writing that shaped public opinion in the colonies. From 1775 to 1777 he served as president of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress
' executive council, the de facto
head of the Massachusetts government. He was elected president of the constitutional convention
that drafted the state's constitution
in 1779, and ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1780, losing to John Hancock
. In 1785, following Hancock's resignation, he was elected governor. His harsh fiscal policy while in office contributed to Shays' Rebellion
. In addition to his political activities, Bowdoin was active in scientific pursuits, collaborating with Benjamin Franklin
in his pioneering research on electricity. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
of London, and was a founder and first president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
is a city in and one of two county seat
of Middlesex County
, Massachusetts, in the Greater Boston
area. It was named in honor of the University of Cambridge
. Cambridge is home to two of the world's most prominent universities, Harvard University
and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
In 1636, Harvard College was founded by the colony to train ministers, and the town was renamed to Cambridge shortly after. In the mid-19th century, Cambridge was the center of a literary revolution when it gave the country a new identity through poetry and literature. Cambridge was home to the famous Fireside Poets—Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, and Oliver Wendell Holmes. Although industry in New England began to decline during the Great Depression and after World War II, the 1980s brought a wave of high-technology startups, creating software such as Visicalc and Lotus 1-2-3, and advanced computers. The city continues to be home to many startups as well as a thriving biotech industry.
Location of Massachusetts in the United States
Atlas of Massachusetts with Boston highlighted
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