Massachusetts i//, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. It is the 7th smallest, but the 14th most populous and the 3rd most densely populated of the 50 United States, and has the United States' sixth highest GDP per capita.
Massachusetts has played a significant historical, cultural, and commercial role in American history. Plymouth was the site of the colony founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims. Harvard University, founded in 1636, is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. The Protestant First Great Awakening originated from the pulpit of Northampton, Massachusetts preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution. In 1786, a populist revolt led directly to the Constitutional Convention. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the temperance, transcendentalist, and abolitionist movements. In the late 19th century, basketball and volleyball were invented in Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage.
Originally dependent on fishing, agriculture, and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts' economy shifted from manufacturing to services. In the 21st century, Massachusetts is a leader in higher education, health care technology, high technology, and financial services.
The Museum of Bad Art
(MOBA) is a privately owned museum in Massachusetts
whose stated aim is "to celebrate the labor of artists whose work would be displayed and appreciated in no other forum". It has three branches, one in Dedham
, another in nearby Somerville
, and a third branch in Brookline
. Its permanent collection includes 500 pieces of "art too bad to be ignored", 25 to 35 of which are on public display at any one time.
MOBA was founded in 1994, after antique dealer Scott Wilson showed a painting he had recovered from the trash to some friends, who suggested starting a collection. Within a year, receptions held in Wilson's friends' home were so well-attended that the collection required its own viewing space. The museum moved to the basement of a theater in Dedham. Explaining the reasoning behind the museum's establishment, co-founder Jerry Reilly said in 1995: "While every city in the world has at least one museum dedicated to the best of art, MOBA is the only museum dedicated to collecting and exhibiting the worst." To be included in MOBA's collection, works must be original and have serious intent, but they must also have significant flaws without being boring; curators are not interested in displaying deliberate kitsch.
MOBA has been mentioned in dozens of off-the-beaten-path guides to Boston, featured in international newspapers and magazines, and has inspired several other collections throughout the world that set out to rival its own visual atrocities.
William Smith Clark
was a professor of chemistry
, a colonel
during the American Civil War
, and a leader in agricultural education
. Raised and schooled in Easthampton, Massachusetts
, Clark spent most of his adult life in Amherst, Massachusetts
. He graduated from Amherst College
in 1848 and obtained a doctorate
in chemistry from Georgia Augusta University
in 1852. He then served as professor of chemistry at Amherst College from 1852 to 1867. During the Civil War, he was granted leave from Amherst to serve with the 21st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
, eventually achieving the rank of colonel and the command of that unit. In 1867, Clark became the third president
of the Massachusetts Agricultural College (MAC), now the University of Massachusetts Amherst
. He was the first to appoint a faculty and admit a class of students. Although MAC faced criticism at the time, Clark's success in organizing an innovative academic institution earned him international attention, which led the Japanese government to hire Clark as a foreign advisor
to establish the Sapporo Agricultural College
(SAC), now Hokkaido University
is a city in Berkshire County
, Massachusetts. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area
. Best known as the home of the largest contemporary art
museum in the United States, the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art
, North Adams has in recent years become a center for tourism, culture, and recreation.
North Adams was first settled in 1745 during King Georges War. The town was incorporated in 1878, and is named in honor of Samuel Adams. For much of its existence, North Adams was a mill town. Manufacturing began in the city before the Revolutionary War. North Adams' ironworks provided the pig iron for armor plates on the Civil War ship Monitor. In 1942 Sprague Electric Company moved into the city. Sprague physicists, chemists, electrical engineers, and skilled technicians were called upon by the U.S. government during World War II to design and manufacture crucial components of some of its most advanced high-tech weapons systems, including the atomic bomb. After the war, its products were used in the launch systems for Gemini moon missions.
Location of Massachusetts in the United States
Atlas of Massachusetts with Boston highlighted
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