Miami is a well-known global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, culture, fashion, print media, entertainment, the arts and international trade. An international center for popular entertainment in television, music, fashion, film, and the performing arts, Miami also has a powerful international influence. The city can also be applauded for being home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States, as well as home to many international company headquarters, and television studios. The city's Port of Miami is the number one cruise/passenger port in the world and is known for accommodating the largest volume of cruise ships in the world, and is home to many major cruise line headquarters.
Miami's history of skyscrapers began with the 1913 completion of the McAllister Hotel, although the Freedom Tower, built in 1925, is Miami's best known early skyscraper, and remains an icon of the city. Miami is currently going through its largest building boom in the city's history. In what is being dubbed a "Manhattanization wave", there are currently nearly 60 structures proposed, approved or under construction in the city that are planned to rise over 500 feet (152 m) in height. The city is the site of 27 completed skyscrapers over 500 feet (152 m) tall, with 6 more under construction.
Overall, Miami's skyline is ranked first in the Southeast and third in the United States, after New York City and Chicago. By 2010, Miami is expected to have one of largest skylines in the world. Of the ten tallest buildings in the city, only three were completed prior to 2007. In addition, only four of the city's 25 tallest buildings were completed before the year 2000.
Julia DeForest (née Sturtevant) Tuttle, (January 22, 1849 – September 14, 1898) was an entrepreneur, citrus farmer and businesswoman who was largely responsible for, and the original owner of, the land upon which the city of Miami, Florida, was built. For this reason, she is called the Mother of Miami. In 1891, when her father died and left her his land in Florida she relocated to Biscayne Bay. She then purchased the James Egan grant of 640 acres, where the city of Miami is now located, on the north side of the river, including the old Fort Dallas stone buildings, which she converted into her home and the pride of her life. Tuttle repaired and converted the home into one of the show places in the area with a sweeping view of the river and Biscayne Bay. Under an agreement between the two, Tuttle supplied Flagler with the land for a hotel and a railroad station for free, and they split the remainder of her 640 acres (2.6 km²) north of the Miami River in alternating sections. On April 22, 1896, train service of the Florida East Coast Railway came to the area. On July 28, male residents voted to incorporate a new city, Miami. Thereafter, the city steadily grew from a small town to a sophisticated metropolis.