The Russian-Circassian War
is the name given to the period of hostilities between the Russian Empire
and the inhabitants of Circassia
during the Russian invasion and occupation of the Circassian region. Circassia, (also known as Cherkessia
in Russian) was a region in Caucasia
which comprised the coastline and most of the interior of the current territory of Krasnodar Krai
The historical region was named after the traditional inhabitants, the Circassians
or Adiga, along with a number of smaller ethnic groups and tribes. The Russian–Circassian conflict took place from the initial arrival of Russian forces in 1763 to the signing of several Russian loyalty oaths by, among others, Circassian leaders on June 2, 1864, (May 21
), an event which signalled the end of the larger Caucasian War
of which the Russian–Circassian conflict had become a part.
These loyalty oaths illustrated what had become a total occupation of the region by Russian forces, the result of over 100 years of conflict, which also involved the forced expulsion of millions of indigenous Circassians to areas of the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Kosovo, with some historians citing that up to 4,000,000 civilians perished as a result of the exodus.
- ^ Kassis, "Mani's History", 29