Portal:Military of Australia

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The Military of Australia Portal

The RAN Ensign
The flag of Australia
The RAAF Ensign

The Military of Australia, officially known as the Australian Defence Force (ADF) since 1976, consists of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), the Australian Army and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). The Australian Department of Defence administers the Australian Defence Organisation (ADO) which consists of the ADF and the civilian personnel supporting the ADF. Approximately 53,000 men and women serve in the ADF with another 21,600 serving in the three reserve components.

The ADF is constituted under the Executive Government sections of the Australian Constitution, Section 68, that says, "The command in chief of the naval and military forces of the Commonwealth is vested in the Governor-General as the Queen's representative." In practice, the control of the ADF is, politically, vested in the Minister for Defence and several subordinate ministers. The Minister acts on most matters alone, however, important matters are considered by the National Security Committee of Cabinet. The Minister then advises the Governor-General who acts as advised in the normal form of executive government. The current Chief of the Australian Defence Force is General David Hurley.

The Military history of Australia covers a period of around 200 years starting with the colonisation of Australia by the British in 1788. Australians have fought in nearly every major war of the 20th Century including the Second Boer War, World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War as well as numerous UN peace-keeping missions.

Selected article

HMAS Canberra sailing into Sydney Harbour in 1930.jpg

The History of the Royal Australian Navy can be traced back to 1788 and the colonisation of Australia by the British. During this period until 1859 vessels of the Royal Navy made frequent trips to the new colonies. In 1859 the Australia Squadron was formed as a separate squadron and remained in Australia until 1913. During the period before Federation each of the 6 Australian colonies operated their own colonial naval force, these amalgamated in 1901 as the Commonwealth Naval Force. The Royal Australian Navy was established in 1911 and in 1913 the fleet steamed through Sydney Heads for the first time.The Royal Australian Navy has seen action in every ocean of the world during its short life. Seeing action in World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam and countless smaller conflicts. Today the RAN fields a small but modern force, widely regarded as one of the most powerful forces in the Asia Pacific Region.

Selected picture

Chateau Wood Ypres 1917.jpg

Photo credit: Frank Hurley
Soldiers of an Australian 4th Division field artillery brigade on a duckboard track passing through Chateau Wood, near Hooge in the Ypres salient, 29 October 1917.

Selected quote

"Australian troops had, at Milne Bay, inflicted on the Japanese their first undoubted defeat on land. Some of us may forget that, of all the allies, it was the Australians who first broke the invincibility of the Japanese army."
Field Marshal Sir William Slim.

Selected anniversaries

Did you know...

AV2767 Crusader in 1945

New articles

News

  • 8 November, 2010 - The Spitfire flown by and remains of Flight Lieutenant Henry Lacy Smith have been found in Normandy. He was killed after being shot down five days after D-Day during World War II.Read more...
  • 16 March, 2010 - The remains of Special Air Service Patrolman Lieutenant Kenneth Hudson and Private Robert Moncrieff have been found after been missing in action since 1966 during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.Read more...
  • 18 February, 2010 - AN Australian Defence Force inquiry has backed navy seamen who saved their colleagues before asylum seekers when a boat exploded near Ashmore Reef last year. Read more...
  • 13 February, 2010 - Japan, Australia To Sign Military Logistics Pact-Nikkei. Read more...
  • 30 July, 2009 - The remains of Flying Officer Michael Herbert and Pilot Officer Robert Carver, missing in action (MIA) in Vietnam have been found. They were the last Australian MIA in Vietnam. Read more...
  • 16 January, 2009 - Trooper Mark Donaldson is awarded the Victoria Cross for Australia following his actions in Afghanistan on 2 September 2008. Read more...

Selected biography

Major General Philip Michael Jeffery AC, CVO, MC (born 12 December 1937) was the 24th Governor-General of Australia. Jeffery was born in Wiluna, Western Australia and was educated at state schools in Perth. Jeffery military service started by attending the Royal Military College, Duntroon, where he graduated in 1958. During a tour of duty in Vietnam he was awarded the Military Cross. He retired from the Australian Army in 1993 to become Governor of Western Australia. On 11 August 2003, Jeffery became the first Australian career soldier to be appointed Governor-General.

Daily unit

5/6 RVR marching in Melbourne on ANZAC Day 2006

The 5th/6th Battalion, Royal Victoria Regiment (5/6 RVR) is one of two battalions of the Royal Victoria Regiment and is an Australian Army Reserve unit. 5/6 RVR was formed in August 1982 by amalgamating 5 RVR and 6 RVR. 1 RVR was also absorbed into 5/6 RVR in November 1987. 5/6 RVR is located in Melbourne, Victoria and forms part of the 4th Brigade. Individuals from 5/6 RVR have taken part in most of the recent Australian Army domestic and overseas operations, with the Battalion contributing about 200 soldiers to provide security for the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.

Selected equipment

Rover (AWM 150213).jpg

The Light Armoured Car (Aust), also known as Rover, was an armoured car produced in Australia during World War II. The Rover was designed in 1941. It utilized Ford 3-ton CMP truck chassis, either F60L or shorter F60S. The armoured bodies were produced by Ruskin Motor Bodies Pty Ltd of Melbourne. The production was stopped in 1943, a total of 238 cars were built. The Rover entered service with the Australian Army in April 1942. It never saw combat and was used mostly for crews training. A long narrow opening at the top of the hull earned the vehicle a nickname "mobile slit trench".

WikiProjects

Major topics

Army • History
Armoured Units, Army Aviation, First Australian Imperial Force, Second Australian Imperial Force, Brigades, Cadets, College, Enlisted Ranks, Memorial, Officer Ranks, RAR, Regiments, Senior Officers, Regional Surveillance Units, Structure, VC Recipients, Weapons

RAAF • History
Aircraft, Airfield Defence Guards, Bases, Chief of Air Force, Flights, First Tactical Air Force, Ranks, Roulettes, Squadrons, Structure

RAN • History
Admiral of the Fleet, Bases, Cadets, Clearance Divers, Current Ships, Fleet Air Arm, Future, Historic ships, HMAS, Memorial, Patrol Boat Group, Persian Gulf Operations, RANVR, Reserve, Ship classes, Silent Service, WRANS

Special Forces
1st Commando Regiment, 171st Squadron, 200 Squadron, 4 RAR, Coastwatchers, Incident Response Regiment, SASR, SOCOMD, Tactical Assault Group, WWII Companies, Z Special Unit

Featured, A-Class and Good content

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Featured articles: Admiralty Islands campaignAdrian Cole (RAAF officer)AHS CentaurAlan McNicollAlexander PentlandAlister MurdochArthur Henry CobbyAttack on Sydney HarbourAustralian contribution to the Battle of NormandyAustralian Defence ForceAxis naval activity in Australian watersBattle of AraweBattle of Arras (1917)Battle of BardiaBattle of the Bismarck SeaBattle of Cape EsperanceBattle of GreeceBattle of Milne BayBattle of KaiapitBattle of MorotaiBattle of Rennell IslandBattle of Savo IslandBattle of SioBattle of TassafarongaBattle of Tulagi and Gavutu-TanambogoBattle of the Eastern SolomonsBlack Friday (1945)Blair Anderson WarkBrian EatonBruce KingsburyCedric HowellCharles Eaton (RAAF officer)Colin HannahConvoy GP55David Evans (RAAF officer)Edgar TownerEdmund HerringEllis WackettFrank BerrymanFrank BladinFrank Hubert McNamaraFrederick SchergerGeorge Jones (RAAF officer)Guadalcanal CampaignHarry ChauvelHarry MurrayHector WallerHenry Wells (general)Henry WrigleyHMAS Melbourne (R21)Ian Dougald McLachlanInvasion of Tulagi (May 1942)Issy SmithIven MackayJames NewlandJames Rowland (RAAF officer)James Whiteside McCayJerry PentlandJoe Hewitt (RAAF officer)John BalmerJohn Francis JacksonJohn LerewJohn Lloyd WaddyJohn McCauleyJohn Treloar (museum administrator)John WhittleLanding at NadzabLester BrainList of Australian George Cross recipientsList of Australian Victoria Cross recipientsLockheed C-130 Hercules in Australian serviceMcDonnell Douglas A-4G SkyhawkMcDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet in Australian serviceMcDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II in Australian serviceMichael WoodruffMilitary history of Australia during World War IIMorotai MutinyNaval Battle of GuadalcanalNeil Hamilton FairleyNicky BarrNo. 1 Wing RAAFNo. 79 Squadron RAAFOperation KitaOswald WattOtto BecherPeter Jeffrey (RAAF officer)Raymond BrownellReg SaundersRichard Williams (RAAF officer)Roderic DallasRoy DowlingSingapore strategyShrine of RemembranceStanley GobleStanley SavigeThomas Baker (aviator)Thomas BlameyTom DerrickValston HancockVictoria Cross for AustraliaWalter PeelerWilliam BostockWilliam BrillWilliam Ellis Newton

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A Class: 2/18th Battalion (Australia)Admiralty Islands campaignAir Combat Group RAAFAlan CharlesworthAllan WaltersAustralian Army during World War IIAustralian light destroyer projectBattle of Bita PakaBattle of KaiapitBattle of KapyongBattle of Slater's KnollBattle of WauBoeing C-17 Globemaster III in Australian serviceCentral Flying School RAAFClare StevensonClarence Smith JeffriesEric Harrison (RAAF officer)First Battle of Maryang SanFrank BerrymanFrank BladinFrank LukisGeorge Alan VaseyGeorge Julian HowellGeorge IngramGeorge MackinoltyBattle of Goodenough IslandHenry Burrell (RAN officer)Henry PetreHenry WrigleyHippolyte De La RueHorace RobertsonJohn NorthcottJoseph MaxwellLanding at SaidorLeslie MorsheadLewis McGeeNo. 1 Wing RAAFNo. 78 Wing RAAFNo. 81 Wing RAAFNo. 82 Wing RAAFNo. 84 Wing RAAFNo. 86 Wing RAAFOperation BrevityOperation CoburgOperation CrimpOrdnance QF 25-pounder ShortPercy Herbert CherryPercy StattonRoy BurstonRupert DownesSamuel BurstonSouth West Pacific Area (command)Sydney RowellTeddy SheeanTet OffensiveVernon SturdeeWilfred ArthurWilliam Anderson (RAAF officer)William HelyWilliam McAloney

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Good articles: 1940 Brocklesby mid-air collision12th Light Horse Regiment (Australia)14th/32nd Battalion (Australia)1st Armoured Regiment (Australia)1st Parachute Battalion (Australia)2/14th Battalion (Australia)2/18th Battalion (Australia)2/31st Battalion (Australia)2/48th Battalion (Australia)2/9th Battalion (Australia)23rd Battalion (Australia)27th Battalion (Australia)29th Battalion (Australia)2nd Battalion (Australia)31st/51st Battalion (Australia)3rd Division (Australia)6th Battalion (Australia)61st Battalion (Australia)7th Battalion (Australia)Arthur William MurphyAustralian Army ReserveAustralian Army ship Crusader (AV 2767)Battle of AmiensBattle of Chongju (1950)Battle of Coral–BalmoralBattle of FranceBattle of Gang ToiBattle of the Hongorai RiverBattle of KranjiBattle of KujinBattle of Lone PineBattle of Long KhanhBattle of PakchonBattle of Porton PlantationBattle of the Samichon RiverBattle of SattelbergBattle of Sungei KoembaBattle of Suoi Bong TrangBattle of Suoi Chau PhaBattle of YongjuBobby GibbesBritish nuclear tests at MaralingaCharles CrombieCharles Read (RAAF officer)Charles ScherfDave ShannonDemobilisation of the Australian military after World War IIElwyn KingErnest Albert CoreyFrederick BirksGeneral Dynamics F-111CGerman attacks on NauruGordon SteegeHistory of the Royal Australian NavyHMAS Sydney (1934)Hobart coastal defencesHughie EdwardsHuon Peninsula campaignJohn Hines (Australian soldier)Len WatersLes ClisbyLes HoldenLeslie Douglas JacksonLockheed C-130 Hercules in Australian serviceMary Bell (aviator)Military history of AustraliaMilitary history of Australia during World War INeville McNamaraNigel CullenNo. 1 Aircraft Depot RAAFNo. 1 Basic Flying Training School RAAFNo. 1 Flying Training School RAAFNo. 1 Long Range Flight RAAFNo. 1 Operational Conversion Unit RAAFNo. 2 Service Flying Training School RAAFNo. 36 Squadron RAAFNo. 38 Squadron RAAFNo. 457 Squadron RAAFNo. 5 Airfield Construction Squadron RAAFNo. 6 Squadron RAAFNo. 71 Wing RAAFNo. 72 Wing RAAFNo. 73 Wing RAAFNo. 75 Squadron RAAFNo. 76 Wing RAAFNo. 77 Wing RAAFNo. 78 Squadron RAAFNo. 79 Wing RAAFNo. 8 Service Flying Training School RAAFNo. 80 Wing RAAFNo. 90 Wing RAAFOperation BribiePeter IsaacsonPeter RawPeter Roy Maxwell DrummondPeter Turnbull (RAAF officer)Richard MinifieRobert A. LittleRoy PhillippsRussell FoskettSecond Battle of PasschendaeleSelarang Barracks IncidentStuart Clarence GrahamVirgil BrennanWilfrid Kent HughesAustralian contribution to the Allied Intervention in Russia 1918–1919

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