Portal:Music of Canada/Selected article

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Portal:Music of Canada/Selected article/1

Canadian rock describes a wide and diverse variety of Canadian produced music, starting with American style Rock 'n' Roll in the mid 20th century. Since then Canada has had a considerable impact on the development of the modern popular music called rock. Canada has produced many of the genre's most significant groups and performers, while contributing substantively to the development of the most popular subgenres, which include pop rock, folk rock, hard rock and indie rock.

Cleveland, Ohio disc jockey Alan Freed began playing rhythm and blues music for a multi-racial audience, and is credited with first using the phrase "rock and roll" to describe the musical sound of the Doo-wop vocal groups and the rockabilly singers who emerged in the 1950s. 1958 saw its first Canadian rock and roll teen idol Paul Anka, who went to New York City where he auditioned for ABC with the song, Diana. As the late fifties gave way to the sixties, stars of the previous decade were still producing hits, but they were quickly losing ground as they struggled to find material that would click with this new and energetic generation.

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The Canadian hip hop scene was first established in the 1980s. Through a variety of factors, it developed much more slowly than Canada's popular rock music scene, and apart from a short-lived burst of mainstream popularity from 1989 to 1991, it remained largely an underground phenomenon until the early 2000s.

"The Bum Rap", was released in 1982. For the most part the infrastructure simply was not there to get most artists' music to the record-buying public. Even Toronto—Canada's largest city and one of its most multicultural—had difficulty getting an urban music station on the radio airwaves until 2000. As a result, if a Canadian hip-hop artist could get signed, it was very difficult for them to get exposure—even if their music videos were played on MuchMusic, many artists simply could not get their records into stores or played on the radio.

Beginning in 1998, a sequence of events spurred by the anthemic collaborative single "Northern Touch" finally brought hip hop back into the mainstream of Canadian music. Artists such as Devon, Maestro Fresh Wes, and Dream Warriors did manage, for a brief time in the late '80s and early '90s, to break into the mainstream.

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Publicity photo of Mary Bolduc 1932.

Mary Rose-Anna Travers, (June 4, 1894 – February 20, 1941) was a French-Canadian singer and musician. She was known as Madame Bolduc or La Bolduc. During the peak of her popularity in the 1930s, she was known as the Queen of Canadian Folksingers. Bolduc is often considered to be Quebec's first singer/songwriter.

Born in Newport, Quebec in the Gaspé, Bolduc was the daughter of Gaspesians, Lawrence Travers, and Adeline Cyr. Her family included five full siblings, and an additional six half-siblings from her father's first marriage. Bolduc and her eleven siblings spoke English at home, but also spoke French fluently.

Her style combined the traditional folk music of Ireland and Quebec, usually in upbeat, comedic songs. Bolduc never had any formal music lessons, and developed her own style under the influence of her father's teaching and the musical traditions of Irish folk music and Québécois folk tunes

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2009, Juno Awards, Vancouver, BC, Canada

The Juno Awards are presented annually to Canadian musical artists and bands to acknowledge their artistic and technical achievements in all aspects of music. New members of the Canadian Music Hall of Fame are also inducted as part of the awards ceremonies. Winners are currently chosen by either members of the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences or a panel of experts depending on the award. In almost all of the main general categories, such as Album of the Year or Artist of the Year, nominees are determined by sales during the qualifying period; in genre-specific categories, they are determined by panel.

In 1970, record label owner Stan Klees met with RPM founder Walt Grealis to plan a formal awards ceremony for the music industry. The name "Juneau" was chosen, which represented Pierre Juneau, the first head of the Canadian Radio-Television Commission. Juneau was instrumental in establishing Canadian content regulations for broadcasters, to promote Canadian artists.

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Portal:Music of Canada/Selected article/5

Three Days Grace is a Canadian rock band, formed in Norwood, Ontario, Canada, in 1992, under the name Groundswell. After a breakup in 1995, the band reformed in 1997 under its current name and with a line-up consisting of guitarist and lead vocalist Adam Gontier, drummer and backing vocalist Neil Sanderson, and bassist Brad Walst. In 2003, Barry Stock was recruited as the band's lead guitarist. The band is based in Toronto.

After signing to Jive Records, Three Days Grace released two studio albums, Three Days Grace in 2003 and One-X in 2006, both of which have been certified platinum and double platinum in the United States and Canada, respectively. In 2007, the band was declared number one rock artist of the year by Billboard and was the number four artist in airplay in Canada that same year.

The band's third album, Life Starts Now, was released on September 22, 2009. The album was nominated for Best Rock Album at the 2010 Juno awards. Three Days Grace has been recognized for their musical efforts through several awards and nominations.

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MuchMusic World Headquarters is located on 299 Queen Street West in Downtown Toronto.

MuchMusic (often referred to only as Much) is a Canadian English language cable television specialty channel owned by CTVglobemedia. MuchMusic is dedicated to music, music-related programs, pop and youth culture. MuchMusic was licensed on April 2, 1984 by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to CHUM Limited.

The first video played on MuchMusic was "an early music-to-film synchronization short from the 1920s which featured Eubie Blake performing Snappy Songs." The first video made specifically for television air play was Rush's "The Enemy Within".

With the success of MuchMusic, several spinoff channels have been launched within Canada and around the world, including: * MuchMore, MuchLOUD, MuchVibe and PunchMuch.

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Aerial view of the 2007 Cisco Ottawa Bluesfest grounds.

Ottawa Bluesfest (Cisco Ottawa Bluesfest) is an annual outdoor music festival that takes place each July in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. While ostensibly focused on blues, the festival has increasingly showcased mainstream pop and rock acts in recent years. The Ottawa Bluesfest has become the largest blues festival in Canada, and the second largest in North America.

The festival was first held in 1994 at Majors Hill Park with the performance of Clarence Clemons, attracting 5,000 spectators. In 1997, the festival was moved to Confederation Park to provide more space. In 1998, over 80,000 people attended the festival. In 1999, the festival was moved to LeBreton Flats and was attracting over 220,000 people by 2001.

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Crooked Still playing the Folk Music Fest, 2007.

The Calgary Folk Music Festival (also known as "Calgary Folk Fest") is held in late July each year at Prince's Island Park, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. While known for attracting both established and up-and-coming folk music, the festival features a wide variety of artists including hip-hop, alternative, blues, and world acts.

Over 60 artists play across seven stages (one main stage and six side stages). The festival also features an extensive arts market, beer gardens, family area, as well as a wide array of local food and beverage vendors. The Calgary Folk Music Festivals attracted nearly 50,000 people in 2009. Its success and acclaim is largely attributed to the kindness, dedication, and hard work of its 1300+ volunteers.

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Drum Dance Festival, Gjoa Haven, Nunavut, 2004

Before European settlers came to what is now Canada, the region was occupied by a large number of Aboriginal peoples Each of the aboriginal communities had (and have) their own unique musical traditions. Chanting - singing is widely popular and most use a variety of musical instruments.

Being resourceful and creative they used the materials at hand to make their instruments for thousands of years before Europeans immigrated to the new world. They made gourds and animal horns into rattles, many rattles were elaborately carved and beautifully painted. In woodland areas, they made horns of birchbark and drumsticks of carved antlers and wood. Drums were generally made of carved wood and animal hides. These musical instruments provide the background for songs and led to aboriginal dances. The Inuit are well-known for Inuit throat singing or katajjaq, an unusual method of vocalizing found only in a few cultures worldwide. The Innu are among the First Nations of Canada. They have maintained a vibrant folk music culture, especially involving dance and percussion-based music. For many years after Europeans came to Canada, First Nations people were forbidden to practice their traditional ceremonies.

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Portal:Music of Canada/Selected article/10

O Canada

National anthem of  Canada
Sheet music

Lyrics Adolphe-Basile Routhier
(French, 1880)

Robert Stanley Weir
(English, 1908)
Music Calixa Lavallée (1880)
Adopted 1980

"O Canada" the national anthem of Canada, was originally commissioned by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, the Honourable Théodore Robitaille, for the 1880 Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day ceremony. Calixa Lavallée wrote the music, which was a setting of a patriotic poem composed by the poet and judge Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier.

The text was originally only in French, before it was translated to English in 1906. Robert Stanley Weir penned an English version, which is not a translation of the French. Weir's words have been revised twice, taking their present form in 1980, but the French lyrics remain unaltered.

"O Canada" was not officially Canada's national anthem until 1980, when it was signed into law on July 1 as part of that year's Dominion Day celebrations. Weir's original lyrics from 1908, consisting of three verses, did not contain the word sons, instead using the somewhat archaic "thou dost in us command", and it contained no religious reference. Weir decided to change his lyrics to "in all thy sons command" in 1914, and in 1926 added a fourth verse of a religious nature.

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Gauthier in a Javanese headdress.

Éva Gauthier (September 20, 1885–December 20, 1958) was a Canadian mezzo-soprano and voice teacher. She performed and popularised songs by contemporary composers throughout her career and sang in the American premieres of several works by Satie, Ravel and Stravinsky, including the title role in his Perséphone.

The niece of Lady Laurier and Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who also were her patrons, she initially trained and performed in Europe. She then travelled to Java and for four years immersed herself in its native music, which she introduced to North American audiences on her return.

Gauthier was a controversial musician in her time. Her choice of music for performance was often condemned, and often praised. The appropriateness of jazz music for a classically trained singer, combined with the performances taking place in concert halls lead some critics to cheer her for promoting otherwise overlooked music, and others to condemn her for taking lowbrow music into a highbrow venue.

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