Portal:Nanotechnology/Selected biography

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The selected biography updates every week. There should be 52 biographies in this list. We are currently displaying selected biography 5.

Suggestions for changes to the list of selected biographies should be discussed at Portal talk:Nanotechnology/Selected content.


Selected biography 1

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Leonard Adleman

Leonard Adleman b. 1945

Selected biography

Leonard Max Adleman is an American theoretical computer scientist and professor of computer science and molecular biology at the University of Southern California. He is known for being a co-inventor of the RSA (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman) cryptosystem in 1977, and of DNA computing.

Selected biography 2

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Paul Alivisatos in 2003

Paul Alivisatos

Selected biography

Armand Paul Alivisatos is an American scientist of Greek descent, researching the structural, thermodynamic, optical, and electrical properties of nanocrystals. In 2009, he was named the Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. He was the winner of the 2009 ISNSCE Nanoscience Prize.

Selected biography 3

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Phaedon Avouris b. 1945

Selected biography

Phaedon Avouris is a Greek-American chemical physicist. He is an IBM Fellow and the group leader for Nanometer Scale Science and Technology at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. He was the winner of a 1999 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology for "the development of carbon nanotubes for potential computing device applications", and of the 2010 IEEE Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology "for pioneering contributions to the science and technology of carbon-based electronics and photonics".

Selected biography 4

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David Baker in July 2013

David Baker b. 1962

Selected biography

David Baker is an American biochemist and computational biologist who studies methods to predict the three-dimensional structures of proteins. He is a Professor of Biochemistry at the University of Washington. He shared a 2004 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology for "development of RosettaDesign, a program that has a high success rate in designing stable protein structures with a specified backbone folding structure".

Selected biography 5

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Alexander A. Balandin in 2011

Alexander A. Balandin

Selected biography

Alexander A. Balandin is an American and Russian electrical engineer and materials scientist known for his studies of phonons and excitons in nanostructures, experimental and theoretical investigation of thermal properties of graphene, electronic 1/f noise in novel materials and devices as well as for his works on practical applications of semiconductor nanostructures and graphene in electronics, optoelectronics and energy conversion. He is Professor of Electrical Engineering and founding Chair of Materials Science and Engineering at University of California – Riverside. He was the winner of the 2011 IEEE Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology "for pioneering contributions to nanoscale phonon transport with applications in nanodevices, graphene devices, thermoelectric and thermal management of advanced electronics".

Selected biography 6

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Gerd Binnig

Gerd Binnig b. 1947

Selected biography

Gerd Binnig is a German physicist. He shared half of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for "design of the scanning tunneling microscope".

Selected biography 7

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Katharine Burr Blodgett in 1938

Katharine Burr Blodgett b. 1898 – d. 1979

Selected biography

Katharine Burr Blodgett was an American physicist known for her research on monolayers and the invention of low-reflectance "invisible" glass. Blodgett worked with Irving Langmuir on monomolecular coatings designed to cover surfaces of water, metal, or glass, which could be deposited in layers only a few nanometers thick. In 1938, she devised a method to use what is now called a Langmuir-Blodgett trough to spread these monomolecular coatings one at a time onto glass or metal, which made the glass more than 99% transmissive. This coating is now called the Langmuir-Blodgett film. She was the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in physics from University of Cambridge in 1926, and the first female to work as a scientist for General Electric Laboratory in Schenectady, New York.

Selected biography 8

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Harold Craighead

Selected biography

Harold G. Craighead is an American applied physicist who won the 2009 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology for being "a pioneer in nanofabrication methods and the application of engineered nanosystems for research and device applications". He was featured in The Guinness Book of World Records for the lightest object weighed, with a mass of 6.3 attograms.

Selected biography 9

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Michael Crichton in 2002

Michael Crichton b. 1942 – d. 2008

Selected biography

John Michael Crichton was an American best-selling author, producer, director, and screenwriter, best known for his work in the science fiction, medical fiction, and thriller genres. His books have sold over 200 million copies worldwide, and many have been adapted into films. Among his works is the 2002 novel Prey, which features a nanorobotic threat to humankind, serving as a cautionary tale about developments in nanotechnology, genetic engineering and artificial intelligence.

Selected biography 10

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Robert Curl in 2009

Robert Curl b. 1933

Selected biography

Robert Floyd Curl, Jr. is an American chemist whose research interests involve physical chemistry, developing DNA genotyping and sequencing instrumentation, and creating quantum cascade laser-based mid-infrared trace gas monitoring instrumentation. He is an emeritus professor of chemistry at Rice University. He shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the "discovery of fullerenes".

Selected biography 11

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Cees Dekker b. 1959

Selected biography

Cornelis "Cees" Dekker is a Dutch scientist known for his research on carbon nanotubes and molecular biophysics. In 1996, in collaboration with Richard Smalley, he used scanning tunneling microscope and nanolithography techniques to demonstrate that carbon nanotubes are quantum wires at the single-molecule level, and in 1998 they were the first to build a transistor based on a single nanotube molecule. Since 2001, Dekker has shifted the main focus of his work towards biophysics where he studies the properties of single biomolecules and cells using the tools of nanotechnology. Dekker was the winner of the 2012 ISNSCE Nanoscience Prize.

Selected biography 12

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Eric Drexler in 2007

K. Eric Drexler b. 1955

Selected biography

Kim Eric Drexler is an American engineer best known for popularizing the potential of molecular nanotechnology (MNT), promoting the technological significance of nanoscale phenomena and devices through speeches and two influential books. His 1991 Ph.D. work at the MIT Media Lab was the first doctoral degree on the topic of molecular nanotechnology and was later published as Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation. Drexler founded the Foresight Institute in 1986 with the mission of "preparing for nanotechnology.”

Selected biography 13

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Thomas Ebbesen b. 1954

Selected biography

Thomas Ebbesen is a French physical chemist known for the discovery of extraordinary optical transmission, the efficient transmission of light through subwavelength holes in opaque metal films under certain conditions. He was a winner of the 2014 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging."

Selected biography 14

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Don Eigler in 2007 with his two dogs Neon and Argon

Don Eigler

Selected biography

Donald M. Eigler is an American physicist at the IBM Almaden Research Center. In 1989, he was the first to use a scanning tunneling microscope tip to arrange individual atoms on a surface, famously spelling out the letters "IBM" with 35 xenon atoms. He later went on to create the first quantum corrals as well as nanoscale logic circuits using individual atoms of carbon monoxide. He was shared the 2010 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience for "development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale".

Selected biography 15

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Richard Feynman

Richard Feynman b. 1918 – d. 1988

Selected biography

Richard Phillips Feynman was an American physicist known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics and the theory of quantum electrodynamics, for which he was a recipient of the 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics. Feynman was a keen popularizer of physics through both books and lectures, and notably gave a 1959 talk called There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom, which has ben credited with inspiring the beginning of the field of nanotechnology.

Selected biography 16

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Christoph Gerber

Selected biography

Christoph Gerber is a Swiss physicist at the Institute of Physics, University of Basel. He is a co-inventor of the atomic force microscope, and he major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and the use of these microscopes in vacuum and at low-temperatures, and as a biochemical sensor. Gerber shared the 2007 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology for his work "on nanoscale science as a pioneer in scanning probe microscopy, making major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM)".

Selected biography 17

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Block banjo small.jpg

Steven Block b. 1952

Selected biography

Steven M. Block is an American biologist and applied physicist known for having pioneered the use of optical tweezer force spectroscopy to characterize molecular-scale biological motors, along with Carlos Bustamante and James Spudich. He won the 2006 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology for having "pioneered the use of laser-based optical traps (or “optical tweezers”) to study the nanoscale motions of individual biomolecules".

Selected biography 18

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Naomi Halas

Selected biography

Naomi Halas is an American electrical engineer and chemist known for her work on noble metal nanoshells with semiconducting or insulating cores, for applications in nanophotonics and nanomedicine. She won the 2008 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology for "inventing nanoshells, a new type of nanoparticle with tunable optical properties".

Selected biography 19

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James R. Heath b. 1962

Selected biography

James R. Heath is an American chemist known for having ran the experimental apparatus that generated the first C60 molecules and, ultimately, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the three senior members of the collaboration: Robert F. Curl, Richard E. Smalley and Harold Kroto. Heath, now at the California Institute of Technology, focuses on quantum phase transitions and developing architectures, devices, and circuits for molecular scale electronics, as well as applying expertise in nanoscale and molecular systems to addressing problems in cancer and infectious diseases. He shared a 2000 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for building a molecular switch, a major step toward their long-term goal of building entire memory chips that are just a hundred nanometers wide".

Selected biography 20

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Mike Honda in 2008

Mike Honda b. 1941

Selected biography

Michael Makoto Honda is an American politician, who since 2001 has served as the U. S. Representative for California's 15th congressional district, encompassing western San Jose and Silicon Valley. Honda has been involved in technology and nanotechnology policy for many years, introducing one of the first nanotechnology-related bills in Congress in 2002, and the following year introducing the Nanotechnology Research and Development Act of 2003, which authorized federal funding in nanotechnology research, restructured the National Nanotechnology Initiative, and laid the path to address nanotechnology's social, ethical, environmental, and health issues. Honda was the winner of the 2005 Foresight Institute Government Prize for this effort.

Selected biography 21

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Sumio Iijima

Sumio Iijima b. 1939

Selected biography

Sumio Iijima is a Japanese physicist, often cited as the discoverer of carbon nanotubes. Iijima's 1991 paper generated unprecedented interest in the carbon nanostructures and has since fueled intense research in the area of nanotechnology. He shared the inaugural 2008 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience for his "large impact in the development of the nanoscience field of the zero and one dimensional nanostructures in physics, chemistry and biology”.

Selected biography 22

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Bill Joy

Bill Joy b. 1954

Selected biography

William Nelson Joy is an American computer scientist who co-founded Sun Microsystems in 1982 along with Vinod Khosla, Scott McNealy and Andy Bechtolsheim, and served as chief scientist at the company until 2003. He is widely known for having written the essay "Why the future doesn't need us", where he expresses deep concerns over the development of modern technologies including nanotechnology.

Selected biography 23

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Harry Kroto in 2011

Harry Kroto b. 1939

Selected biography

Harold Walter Kroto is a British chemist and one of the three recipients of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of buckminsterfullerene, along with Robert Curl and Richard Smalley. In the 1970s he launched a research programme at Sussex to look for carbon chains in the interstellar medium, searching for spectral evidence of longer similar molecules such as cyanobutadiyne and cyanohexatriyne, which he found in 1975–1978. He heard of laser spectroscopy work being done by Smalley and Curl at Rice University, and suggested that they should use the Rice apparatus to simulate the carbon chemistry that occurs in the atmosphere of a carbon star. The experiment carried out in September 1985 not only proved that carbon stars could produce the chains, but also fortuitously revealed the existence of the previously unknown C60 species.

Selected biography 24

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Ray Kurzweil

Ray Kurzweil b. 1948

Selected biography

Raymond Kurzweil is an American author, scientist, inventor and futurist. He is the author of several books on health, artificial intelligence, transhumanism, the technological singularity, and futurism, including The Age of Spiritual Machines, and The Singularity Is Near.

Selected biography 25

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Irving Langmuir

Irving Langmuir b. 1881 – d. 1957

Selected biography

Irving Langmuir was an American chemist and physicist who was awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in surface chemistry, having introduced the concept of a monolayer along with Katharine Burr Blodgett. His most noted publication was the famous 1919 article "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules" in which, building on Gilbert N. Lewis's cubical atom theory and Walther Kossel's chemical bonding theory, he outlined his "concentric theory of atomic structure". While at General Electric, from 1909–1950, Langmuir invented the gas-filled incandescent lamp, the hydrogen welding technique. He was the first industrial chemist to become a Nobel laureate.

Selected biography 26

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Stefan W. Hell

Stefan Hell b. 1962

Selected biography

Stefan W. Hell is a physicist and one of the directors of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen, Germany. Heis known for the invention and subsequent development of stimulated emission depletion microscopy and related microscopy methods, which substantially improved the resolving power of the fluorescence microscope beyond the diffraction limit of half the wavelength of the employed light. He was a winner of the 2014 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging"

Selected biography 27

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Charles Lieber b. 1959

Selected biography

Charles M. Lieber is an American chemist known for his contributions to the synthesis, fundamental understanding, and assembly of nanoscale materials, pioneering demonstrations of nanodevices, the creation of nanotechnology companies and the education of numerous leaders in nanoscience. He was the winner of a 2001 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for his pioneering experimental work in molecular nanotechnology which included seminal contributions to the synthesis and characterization of the unique physical properties of carbon nanotubes and nanowires".

Selected biography 28

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Angela Belcher

Selected biography

Angela M. Belcher is an American materials scientist and biological engineer who won the 2010 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology. She is known for her use of nanostructured inorganic materials, fabricated and shaped by biological molecules to create novel materials and processes for a variety of industries, including using genetically-modified viruses to build both anode and cathode of a lithium-ion battery.

Selected biography 29

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Ralph Merkle in 2007

Ralph Merkle b. 1952

Selected biography

Ralph C. Merkle is a researcher in public key cryptography, and more recently a researcher and speaker on molecular nanotechnology and cryonics. Merkle's inventions in cryptography include Merkle's Puzzles, Merkle–Hellman knapsack cryptosystem, Merkle–Damgård construction, the Khufu and Khafre block ciphers, and the Snefru hash function. He shared a 1998 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology for "computational modeling of molecular tools for atomically-precise chemical reactions".

Selected biography 30

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Chad Mirkin

Chad Mirkin b. 1963

Selected biography

Chad A. Mirkin is an American chemist known for his development of nanoparticle-based biodetection schemes, the invention of dip-pen nanolithography, and contributions to supramolecular chemistry, nanoelectronics, and nanooptics. The focus of his research is on developing methods for controlling the architecture of molecules and materials on the 1 - 100 nm length scale, and on utilizing such structures in the development of analytical tools. He was the winner of a 2002 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for opening up new possibilities for the fabrication of molecular machine systems by selectively functionalizing nanoparticles and surfaces, particularly with DNA".

Selected biography 31

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James Gimzewski

Selected biography

James Kazimierz Gimzewski is a Scottish physicist who pioneered research on electrical contacts with single atoms and molecules, and light emission using scanning tunneling microscopy. Until February 2001, he was a group leader at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, and is now a professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles. He shared a 1997 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for work using scanning probe microscopes to manipulate molecules".

Selected biography 32

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John pendry seated.jpg

John Pendry b. 1943

Selected biography

John Brian Pendry is an English theoretical physicist known for his research into refractive indices and creation of the first practical "Invisibility Cloak". His most cited paper was a short article suggesting a simple method of creating a lens whose focus was theoretically perfect. He was a winner of the 2014 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging."

Selected biography 33

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David Pescovitz with Mark Frauenfelder in 2006

David Pescovitz

Selected biography

David Pescovitz is an American writer and journalist best known for his work on science, technology and Internet culture. He is also a co-editor of Boing Boing and a director of research with the Institute for the Future. He has written for a number of publications including Wired magazine, where he is a correspondent. He was the winner of the 2002 Foresight Institute Prize in Communication for his work in educating the public and research community about nanotechnology and other emerging technologies.

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Mildred Dresselhaus b. 1930

Selected biography

Mildred Spiewak Dresselhaus is an Americn physicist and electrical engineer known for her work on electronic properties of materials as well as expanding the opportunities of women in science and engineering. She won the 2012 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for her pioneering contributions to the study of phonons, electron-phonon interactions, and thermal transport in nanostructures." She has also served as Director of the United States Department of Energy Office of Science, and President of the American Physical Society and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Selected biography 35

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Mark Ratner in 2009

Mark Ratner b. 1942

Selected biography

Mark A. Ratner is an American theoretical materials chemist who focuses on the theory of fundamental chemical processes related to nanoscale applications. Ratner is a professor at Northwestern University, and his more current areas of research include electron transfer, self-assembly, nonlinear optical response in molecules, and theories of quantum dynamics. Ratner was the winner of a 2001 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology for being "a theorist whose work has made major contributions to the development and success of nanometer-scale electronic devices".

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Mark Reed b. 1955

Selected biography

Mark A. Reed is an American physicist and professor at Yale University, who has made contributions in the area of quantum dots, electronic transport in nanoscale and mesoscopic systems, artificially structured materials and devices, and molecular electronics. He was at Texas Instruments from 1983 to 1990, where he demonstrated the first quantum dot device. Reed shared the 2007 IEEE Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology "for contributions to nano and molecular electronics".

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John Reif b. 1951

Selected biography

John H. Reif is an American computer scientist at Duke University, who has made contributions ranging from algorithms and computational complexity theory to robotics and to game theory. More recently, he has centered his research in nanoscience and in particular DNA nanotechnology, DNA computing, and DNA nanorobotics. His group's results include experimental demonstrations of molecular scale computation and patterning using DNA assembly, one of the first autonomous unidirectional DNA walkers, and work on controlling errors in self-assembly and the stochastic analysis of self-assembly. Reif was the winner of the 2005 ISNSCE Tulip Award in DNA Computing.

Selected biography 38

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Mihail Roco in 2008

Mihail Roco

Selected biography

Mihail Roco is the chair of the US National Science and Technology Council subcommittee on Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET), and is Senior Advisor for Nanotechnology at the National Science Foundation. He is noted for spearheading the formation of the National Nanotechnology Initiative, having formally proposed it to the Office of Science and Technology Policy during the Clinton administration in 1999, and was a key architect in its initial development.

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Heinrich Rohrer

Heinrich Rohrer b. 1933

Selected biography

Heinrich Rohrer is a Swiss physicist who shared half of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics with Gerd Binnig for the design of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) while at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. His earlier research had included studying length changes of superconductors at the magnetic-field-induced superconducting transition with Wolfgang Pauli, thermal conductivity of type-II superconductors and metals, magnetoresistance in pulsed magnetic fields, and nuclear magnetic resonance.

Selected biography 40

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Paul W. K. Rothemund

Selected biography

Paul W. K. Rothemund is an American computer scientist known in the fields of DNA nanotechnology and synthetic biology for the first demonstration of algorithmic self-assembly in artificial nucleic acid systems along with Erik Winfree, and the discovery of DNA origami. Rothemund shared both the experimental and theory categories of the 2006 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology with Winfree, and is a 2007 recipient of the MacArthur Fellowship.

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Anne Condon

Selected biography

Anne Elizabeth Condon is an Irish-Canadian computer scientist, a professor of computer science at the University of British Columbia. Her research focuses on computational complexity theory, bioinformatics and DNA computing, and she was the winner of the 2003 Tulip Award in DNA Computing. She also held the NSERC/General Motors Canada Chair for Women in Science and Engineering from 2004 to 2009, and has worked to improve the success of women in the sciences and engineering.

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Sajeev John b. 1957

Selected biography

Sajeev John (born 1957) is an American and Canadian physicist who in 1987 co-invented, along with Eli Yablonovitch, the concept a new class of materials with a photonic band gap called photonic crystals. At the time he was at Princeton University, and in the fall of 1989 he joined the physics faculty at the University of Toronto. He was the winner of the 2008 IEEE Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology "for the invention of photonic crystals, pioneering contributions into the study of their light-trapping properties, and development of applications".

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Nadrian Seeman in 2002

Nadrian Seeman

Selected biography

Nadrian C. Seeman is an American chemist known as the founder of the field of DNA nanotechnology beginning in the early 1980s. Seeman's laboratory published the synthesis of the first three-dimensional nanoscale object, a cube made of DNA, in 1991, and the concepts of DNA nanotechnology later found further applications in DNA computing, DNA nanorobotics, and self-assembly of nanoelectronics. Seeman won the 1995 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for developing ways to construct three-dimensional structures, including cubes and more complex polyhedra, from synthesized DNA molecules" and shared the 2010 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience for "development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale".

Selected biography 44

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Richard Smalley in 2003

Richard Smalley b. 1943 – d. 2005

Selected biography

Richard Errett Smalley was an American chemist who shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of a new form of carbon, buckminsterfullerene, along with Robert Curl, also a professor of chemistry at Rice, and Harold Kroto, a professor at the University of Sussex. He was a leading advocate of nanotechnology and its many applications, including its use in creating strong but lightweight materials as well as its potential to fight cancer.

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Fraser Stoddart b. 1942

Selected biography

James Fraser Stoddart is a Scottish chemist working in the area of supramolecular chemistry and nanotechnology. Stoddart has developed highly efficient syntheses of mechanically-interlocked molecular architectures such as molecular Borromean rings, catenanes and rotaxanes utilizing molecular recognition and molecular self-assembly processes. He has demonstrated that these topologies can be employed as molecular switches and as motor-molecules, and has applied these structures in the fabrication of nanoelectronic devices and nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). Stoddart was the winner of a 2007 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology for having "pioneered the synthesis and assembly of unique active molecular machines for manufacturing into practical nanoscale devices", as well as the 2010 ISNSCE Nanoscience Prize.

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Horst Ludwig Störmer in 2006

Horst Ludwig Störmer b. 1949

Selected biography

Horst Ludwig Störmer is a German physicist who shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics with Daniel Tsui and Robert Laughlin for their discovery of the fractional quantum Hall effect, a quantum effect in two-dimensional electron systems. Störmer also won the inaugural 2005 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology for having "worked extensively on the properties of two-dimensional electron sheets in semiconductors".

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Norio Taniguchi b. 1912 – d. 1999

Selected biography

Norio Taniguchi was a Japanese scientist known for the first use of the term "nanotechnology" in a talk in 1974 to describe semiconductor processes such as thin film deposition and ion beam milling exhibiting characteristic control on the order of a nanometer. Taniguchi started his research on abrasive mechanisms of high precision machining of hard and brittle materials. At Tokyo University of Science, he went on to pioneer the application of energy beam techniques to ultra precision materials processing; these included electro discharge, microwave, electron beam, photon (laser) and ion beams.

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James Tour

James Tour b. 1959

Selected biography

James M. Tour is a synthetic organic chemist known for his work in molecular electronics and molecular switching molecules. He has also been involved in other work, such as the creation of a nanocar and NanoKids, an interactive learning DVD to teach children fundamentals of chemistry and physics. Tour was the winner of a 2008 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for the Synthesis of Nanocars... and other molecular machines [which] is providing critical insight in investigations of bottom-up molecular manufacturing".

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George M. Whitesides in 2003

George M. Whitesides b. 1939

Selected biography

George McClelland Whitesides is an American chemist best known for his work in the areas of molecular self-assembly and nanofabrication techniques such as soft lithography and microfabrication, as well as NMR spectroscopy, organometallic chemistry, and microfluidics. He is a professor at Harvard University and was the winner of the inaugural 2008 ISNSCE Nanoscience Prize.

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Erik Winfree b. 1969

Selected biography

Erik Winfree is an American computer scientist and bioengineer, who is a leading researcher into DNA computing and DNA nanotechnology. In 1998, Winfree in collaboration with Nadrian Seeman published the creation of two-dimensional lattices of DNA tiles using the "double crossover" motif. These tile-based structures provided the capability to implement DNA computing, which was demonstrated by Winfree and Paul Rothemund in 2004, and for which they shared both categories of the 2006 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology.

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Eli Yablonovitch in 2012

Eli Yablonovitch b. 1946

Selected biography

Eli Yablonovitch is an Austrian-American physicist who along with Sajeev John invented the field of photonic crystals in 1987. He and his team were the first to create a 3-dimensional structure that exhibited a full photonic bandgap, called Yablonovite. In addition to pioneering photonic crystals, he was the first to recognize that a strained quantum well laser has a significantly reduced threshold current compared to its unstrained counterpart. This technique is now applied to the majority of semiconductor lasers fabricated throughout the world. His other research areas include silicon photonics, quantum computing, telecommunications, and surface plasmon optics.

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Richard Adolf Zsigmondy in 1925

Richard Adolf Zsigmondy b. 1865 – d. 1929

Selected biography

Richard Adolf Zsigmondy was a Hungarian chemist known for his work on the heterogeneous nature of colloidal solutions, for which he received the 1925 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He had also discovered how to reproducibly prepare gold hydrosols and also developed the slit-ultramicroscope.

Selected biography 53 redirects to selected biography 1.