In some countries, the Netherlands is often referred to by the name Holland. However widespread, this use is incorrect in English, as Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands, consisting of two provinces.
The Hotel Polen fire occurred on 9 May 1977 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The conflagration destroyed the Hotel Polen (English: Hotel Poland), a multistorey hotel in the centre of the city (once known as a fashionable place to stay), located between the Kalverstraat and the Rokin. The incident resulted in 33 deaths. The cause of the fire was never determined. At present the location of Hotel Polen is occupied by the Rokin Plaza (pictured).
Lights were lit along the fire line of Rotterdam on May 14, 2007 to commemorate the Rotterdam Blitz, where Nazi Germanybombed the city as part of Case Yellow. Over ninety tonnes of bombs were dropped over the city, mainly in the heart, and around 1 square mile (2.6 km2) of the city was razed, killing over eight hundred people.
... the Netherlands is one of the few countries in the world where the government is not seated in the capital? The Constitution of Netherlands regards Amsterdam as the official capital, but The Hague is the seat of the Government of Netherlands.
... the Netherlands is the 15th most densely populated country in the world, with 395 inhabitants per square km (or 482/km² if only the land area is counted, 18.4% is water)?
... about 20% of the surface area of the Netherlands is located below sea level?
Born a member of the House of Orange-Nassau, William III won the English, Scottish and Irish Crowns following the Glorious Revolution, during which his uncle and father-in-law, the Catholic James II (VII in Scotland)), was deposed. In England, Scotland and Ireland, William ruled jointly with his wife, Mary II, until her death on 28 December 1694. He reigned as 'William II' in Scotland, but 'William III' in England and Ireland. Often he is referred to as William of Orange, a name he shared with many other historical figures. In Northern Ireland and Scotland, he is often informally known as "King Billy".