North Dakota is a state in the western and midwestern regions of the United States. It is the northernmost of the Great Plains states, and the northern half of the Dakotas. Formerly part of the Dakota Territory (named after the Dakotah tribe of the Sioux nation), North Dakota became a state in 1889.
North Dakota has the third lowest population of any state (636,677 people); only Vermont and Wyoming have a lower population. Only Alaska, Wyoming, and Montana have a lower population density than North Dakota's 9.3 people per square mile. North Dakota ranks as 19th in U.S. states by area (70,700 square miles), 17th by land mass (68,976 square miles), and 22nd by water mass (1,724 square miles).
North Dakota is primarily an agricultural state, leading the country in the growth and production of several crops. Barley, canola, corn, flax, soybeans, sugar beets, sunflowers, and wheat are among the crops that are found in the state. Cattle ranching and dairy ranching is common, mainly in the south. There is also a modest domestic winery industry in the state.
The capitol of North Dakota is Bismarck, located in the south-central portion of the state. After Fargo/West Fargo, Bismarck/Mandan is also the most populous city, followed by Grand Forks, Minot, Dickinson, and Jamestown.
North Dakota also boasts the geographic center of North America, located just south of Rugby.
The following is a list of officially designated symbols of the U.S. state of North Dakota.
- State bird: Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
- State fish: Northern pike, Esox lucius
- State horse: Nokota horse
- State flower: Wild Prairie Rose, Rosa arkansana
- State tree: American Elm, Ulmus americana
- State fossil: Teredo Petrified wood
- State grass: Western Wheatgrass, Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve
- State nicknames: Roughrider State, Flickertail State, Peace Garden State
- State mottos:
- (Great Seal of North Dakota) Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
- (Coat of Arms of North Dakota) Strength from the Soil
- State song: North Dakota Hymn
- State dance: Square Dance
- State fruit: Chokecherry
- State march: Flickertail March
- State beverage: Milk
- State seal: The Great Seal of North Dakota: "A tree in the open field, the trunk of which is surrounded by three bundles of wheat; on the right a plow, anvil and sledge; on the left, a bow crossed with three arrows, and an Indian on horseback pursuing a buffalo toward the setting sun; the foliage of the tree arched by a half circle of forty-two stars, surrounded by the motto "Liberty and Union Now and Forever, One and Inseparable"; the words Great Seal at the top; the words State of North Dakota at the bottom; October 1st on the left and 1889 on the right."
- State coat of arms:
- "Device: On an Indian arrowhead point to base or a bend vert charged with three mullets of the first, in base a fleur-de-lis of the second.
- Crest: On a wreath or and azure, a sheaf of three arrows argent armed and flighted gules behind a stringed bow fessways or with grip of the second (gules)."
- State license plate: "The background has a blue and white sky above golden plains and hills with a buffalo and some grain on the plains. The phrase "Discover the Spirit" is at the top and the phrase "Peace Garden State" is below the state name at the bottom."
Unofficial symbols of North Dakota
- State creed:
- "We believe in North Dakota, in the beauty of her skies, and in the glory of her prairies.
- We believe in the People of North Dakota, in their strength of Body and Mind, in their High Sense of Right, and in their Desire to establish a Great Commonwealth wherein the things that count for Human Welfare shall be first.
- We believe that by Thought and Act we can magnify our State and the Life of our People, bind the East and the West, the North and the South by Roadways, Communication and Good Will, and give our Sons and Daughters the Opportunity to Work at Useful Tasks within our borders.
- We pledge to those seeking new homes the Hand of Hospitality and extend to them a Welcome to our Commonwealth where they may find Peace and Happiness.
- We pledge that the freedom our Fathers won here and elsewhere shall continue as the Heritage of our Children.
- We, as a People, because of growing Intelligence and a Nobler Outlook, seek Unity of Purpose; we desire to lead a Richer Common Life, and hope to render a Larger Service to the State and the Nation."
- State art museum: North Dakota Museum of Art
- State slogan: Legendary
- State websites:
- ND state government: http://www.nd.gov
- ND Department of Commerce: http://www.ndtourism.com
- ND Parks and Recreation department: http://www.ndparks.com
- ND Department of Health: http://ndhealth.gov
- ND university system: http://www.ndus.edu
- Job Service North Dakota: http://www.jobsnd.com
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Native American tribes and nations
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• Culture: Cuisine of North Dakota, Fleischkuekle, Knoephla, Prairie Knights Casino, Plains Art Museum, Bismarck-Mandan Symphony Orchestra, Empire Arts Center, Greater Grand Forks Symphony Orchestra
• Education: Bismarck State College, Dickinson State University, Lake Region State College, North Dakota State College of Science, University of Mary, Valley City State University, Williston State College
• Geography: Geography of North Dakota, Devil's Lake, Missouri Plateau, Stump Lake, Turtle Mountains, Red River Valley
• Government: Governor of North Dakota, North Dakota Constitution, North Dakota Department of Transportation, North Dakota Secretary of State, North Dakota Public Service Commission, North Dakota State Tax Commissioner, North Dakota State Treasurer, North Dakota State Auditor, North Dakota Department of Agriculture, North Dakota Department of Labor, North Dakota Labor Commissioner, North Dakota Department of Career and Technical Education, North Dakota State Library
• History: History of North Dakota, State Historical Society of North Dakota, North Dakota's United States Senate elections articles, local histories
• People: Eli C. D. Shortridge, Donna Nalewaja, Steve Sydness, Ben Clayburgh, Usher L. Burdick, Curt Zimbelman
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