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The Olympic Games, or Olympics, are an international multi-sport event taking place every four years and comprising summer and winter games. Originally held in ancient Greece, they were revived before 1612 by English Captain and Attorney Robert Dover in Chipping Campden as a protest against Puritanism. British nobleman William Penny Brookes revived them again in 1850 in Much Wenlock before a French nobleman, Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin started the current Olympics in the late 19th century. The Summer Olympics (Games of the Olympiad) have been held every fourth year starting in 1896, except in 1916, 1940, and 1944 due to the First and Second World Wars. A special edition for winter sports, the Olympic Winter Games, was first held in 1924. The first winter Olympics competitions were held as a non-Olympic sports festival, but were declared to be official Games by the International Olympic Committee in 1925. Originally these were held in the same year as the Summer Olympics, but from 1994 onwards the Winter Games and the Summer Games have been held two years apart. The most recent games were Sochi 2014 (Winter) and London 2012 (Summer)

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A London Underground train decorated to promote London's Olympic bid.
Nine cities submitting bids to host the 2012 Summer Olympics[a] were recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The Committee shortlisted five of them—London, Madrid, Moscow, New York City, and Paris—from which London eventually prevailed; it will become the first city to host the Olympic Games for a third time.The bidding process for the 2012 Olympics was considered one of the most hotly contested in the history of the IOC.Paris was seen as the front-runner for most of the campaign,but last-minute lobbying by London's supporters was one factor that led to the success of its bid.Madrid was regarded as one of the favourites, but the city did not receive enough votes to surpass Paris and London.After a technical evaluation of the nine original bids, the top five were shortlisted on May 18, 2004, becoming official candidates. The remaining applicant cities—Havana, Istanbul, Leipzig and Rio de Janeiro—were eliminated.

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Poster promoting the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid
Credit: Works Progress Administration

The 1932 Winter Olympics, officially known as the III Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1932 in Lake Placid, New York, United States.

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Thorpe posing in his football uniform in the late 1910s or early 1920s.
James Francis "Jim" Thorpe (Sac and Fox (Sauk): Wa-Tho-Huk, translated as "Bright Path"; was an American athlete of mixed ancestry (Native American and Caucasian). Considered one of the most versatile athletes of modern sports, he won Olympic gold medals for the 1912 pentathlon and decathlon, played American football (collegiate and professional), and also played professional baseball and basketball. He lost his Olympic titles after it was found he was paid for playing two seasons of semi-professional baseball before competing in the Olympics, thus violating the amateurism rules. In 1983, 30 years after his death, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) restored his Olympic medals.

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