Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the Pacific Ocean on the west, Washington on the north, Idaho on the east, and California and Nevada on the south. The Columbia and Snake Rivers form, respectively, much of its northern and eastern borders. Between two north-south mountain ranges in western Oregon—the Oregon Coast Range and the Cascade Mountain Range—lies the Willamette Valley, the most densely populated and agriculturally productive region of the state.
Oregon has one of the most diverse landscapes of any state in the U.S. It is well known for its tall, dense forests; its accessible and scenic Pacific coastline; and its rugged, glaciated Cascade volcanoes. Other areas include semiarid scrublands, prairies, and deserts that cover approximately half the state in eastern and north-central Oregon.
Oregon's population in 2010 was about 3.8 million, a 12% increase over 2000. Oregon's population is largely concentrated in the Willamette Valley, which stretches from Eugene through Salem and Corvallis to Portland, Oregon's largest city.
The origin of the name Oregon is unknown. One account, advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech, was endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 1700s, on which the Ouisiconsink (Wisconsin) River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so that there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon".
(December 5, 1885 – January 6, 1936) was an American journalist
known for her sympathetic coverage of Russia and the Bolsheviks
during the Russian Revolution
. Bryant, a feminist married in 1916 to the more famous writer John Reed
, wrote about leading Russian women such as Katherine Breshkovsky
and Maria Spiridonova
as well as men including Alexander Kerensky
, Vladimir Lenin
, and Leon Trotsky
. Her news stories, distributed by Hearst
during and after her trips to Petrograd
and Moscow, appeared in newspapers across the U.S. and Canada in the years immediately following World War I. A collection of articles from her first trip was published in book form as Six Red Months in Russia
in 1918. In 1919, she defended the revolution in testimony before the Overman Committee
, a Senate
subcommittee established to investigate Bolshevik influence in the United States. Later that year, she undertook a nationwide speaking tour to encourage public support of the Bolsheviks and to discourage armed U.S. intervention in Russia. Bryant grew up in rural Nevada
and attended the University of Nevada
in Reno and the University of Oregon
, graduating with a degree in history in 1909. Pursuing a career in journalism, she became society editor of the Portland, Oregon
for The Oregonian
. During her years in Portland (1909–15), she became active in the women's suffrage
movement. Leaving her first husband in 1915 to follow Reed to Greenwich Village
, she formed friendships with leading feminists of the day, some of whom she met through Reed's associates at publications such as The Masses
, or at meetings of a women's group, Heterodoxy
, or through work with the Provincetown Players
. During a National Woman's Party
suffrage rally in Washington, D.C.
, in 1919, she was arrested and spent three days in jail. Like Reed, she had lovers outside of marriage; during her Greenwich Village years (1916–20) these included playwright Eugene O'Neill
and painter Andrew Dasburg
. Suffering from a rare and painful disorder, Bryant wrote and published little in her last 10 years and drank heavily. Bullitt, winning sole custody of Anne, divorced her in 1930. Bryant died in Paris in 1936 and was buried in Versailles
. A group from Portland visited her neglected grave in 1998 and worked to restore it.
- May 1, 1839, the Peoria Party sets out on the Oregon Trail for the Oregon Country.
- May 2, 1843, meetings at Champoeg create Provisional Government of Oregon.
- May 9, 1850, member of the First Executive Committee and namesake of Hillsboro, David Hill dies.
- May 11, 1792, Capt. Gray enters the Columbia River, becoming the first Euro-American to accomplish this feat.
- May 18, 2007, tire king Les Schwab, founder of Les Schwab Tire Centers, dies at the age of 89 in Prineville.
- May 21, 1998, Kip Kinkel goes on a shooting spree at Thurston High School in Springfield.
- May 22, 1902, Crater Lake National Park is established as Oregon's only National Park.
- May 30, 1978, sportswear company Blue Ribbon Sports officially changes its name to Nike.
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John Day Fossil Beds National Monument
is a U.S. National Monument
counties in east-central Oregon
. Located within the John Day River
basin and managed by the National Park Service
, the park is known for its well-preserved layers of fossil
plants and mammals
that lived in the region between the late Eocene
, about 44 million years ago, and the late Miocene
, about 7 million years ago. The monument consists of three geographically separate units: Sheep Rock, Painted Hills, and Clarno. The units cover a total of 13,944 acres (5,643 ha) of semi-desert shrublands, riparian zones
, and colorful badlands
. About 125,000 people visit the park each year for outdoor activities such as hiking and sightseeing or to visit the Thomas Condon Paleontology Center or the James Cant Ranch Historic District
. Before the arrival of Euro-Americans in the 19th century, the John Day basin was frequented by Sahaptin people
who hunted, fished, and gathered roots and berries in the region. After road-building made the valley more accessible, settlers established farms, ranches, and a few small towns along the river and its tributaries. Paleontologists
have been unearthing and studying the fossils in the region since 1864, when Thomas Condon
, a missionary and amateur geologist, recognized their importance and made them known globally. Parts of the basin became a National Monument in 1975.
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Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W