Portal:People's Republic of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This portal about Chinese history from 1949–present. For China in general see Portal:China.

The People's Republic of China Portal

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg

The People's Republic of China (P.R.C.; Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国, Traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó About this sound listen , or China), is a country in East Asia. With over one-fifth of the world's population, the PRC has the world's largest population. Due to its large and stable population, its rapidly growing economy, and military spending and capabilities, the PRC is often considered an emerging superpower.

The Communist Party of China (CPC) has led the PRC under a one-party system since the country's establishment in 1949. Despite this, nearly half of the PRC's economy has been privatized in the past three decades under "Socialism with Chinese characteristics." During the 1980s, these economic reforms helped lift millions of people out of poverty, bringing the poverty rate down to 12% from the original one-third of the population. However, due to this mixing of market and planned economies, the PRC is faced with a number of problems associated with each, including unemployment and an increasing rural/urban income gap. Despite these shortcomings, greater prosperity has led to growing Chinese influence in global economic, political, military, scientific, technological, and cultural affairs.

In an ongoing dispute, the PRC claims sovereignty over Taiwan and some nearby islands, which have been controlled by the Republic of China since 1949. The PRC asserts the Republic of China to be an illegitimate and supplanted entity and administratively categorizes Taiwan as a province of the PRC. In contrast, the ROC does not recognize these claims, administering itself as a sovereign country with a democratically elected government and presidency. The term "mainland China" is sometimes used to denote the area under the PRC's rule, but usually excluding the two Special Administrative Regions, Hong Kong and Macau.

Show new selections below (purge)

Selected article

Flag of Hong Kong.svg

The flag of Hong Kong is red with a stylised, white, five-petal Bauhinia blakeana flower in the centre. The red colour on this regional flag is the same as that on the national flag. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region flag was adopted on 16 February 1990, and received formal approval from the Preparatory Committee on 10 August 1996. The flag was first officially hoisted on 1 July 1997, in a historical ceremony marking the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the PRC. The precise use of the regional flag is regulated through laws passed by the 58th executive meeting of the State Council held in Beijing. The former colonial flag was used from 27 July 1959, to 30 June 1997, when Hong Kong was under British rule. It was a blue Union Jack ensign with the Hong Kong coat of arms on a white disk centred on the outer half of the flag.

Did you know...

  • ... that China has over 1.3 billion people, with the capital (Beijing) having 19 612 368 people, while the largest city in China is Chongquing, having 28 846 170 people?
  • ... the average life expectancy age of a Chinese child at birth is 74.68 years, ranking 95th compared to the rest of the world?
  • ... that Richard Loo is one of the most familiar Asian character actors in American films of the 1930s and 1940s?



Related portals


China • Beijing • Hong Kong • Macau • Taiwan • Asia

Christianity in China

Tasks you can do

Clipboard.svg Edit | Complete list

People's Republic of China topics

Provinces Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Zhejiang
People Education | Human rights | Police | Religion
Infrastructure Railways | Transportation | Telecommunications | Water supply and sanitation
Other Environment | Science and Technology

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Manuals and books Images and media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database

Purge server cache