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Introduction to Pokémon


Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon?, /ˈpkmɒn/) is a media franchise owned by video game giant Nintendo and created by Satoshi Tajiri around 1995. Originally released as a pair of interlinkable Game Boy role-playing video games, Pokémon has since become the second most successful and lucrative videogame-based media franchise in the world, falling only behind Nintendo's Mario series. Pokémon properties have since been merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, and other media. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006, and as of December 1, 2006, cumulative sold units of the video games (including home console versions) have reached more than 155 million copies, Pokémon were meant for all people to have fun and enjoy and have fun with each other and their Pokémon.

The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand, "Pocket Monsters" (ポケットモンスター Poketto Monsutā?), as such contractions are extremely common in Japan. The term "Pokémon", in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 721 fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the recent release of the newest Pokémon role-playing games (RPGs) for the Nintendo 3DS, Pokémon X and Y. As with the words deer and sheep, the singular and plural forms of the word "Pokémon" do not differ, nor does each individual species name; in short, it is grammatically correct to say both "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon". Nintendo originally translated Poketto Monsutā literally, but a naming conflict with the Monster in My Pocket toy line caused Nintendo to rebrand the franchise as "Pokémon" in early 1996. The game's catchphrase in the Japanese language versions of the franchise is "ポケモンGETだぜ! (Pokémon Getto Daze! - Let's Get Pokémon!)"; in English language versions of the franchise, it was originally "Gotta catch 'em all!," although it was dropped after Pokémon Crystal, before returning in promotional materials for Pokémon X and Y, and the spin-off series Pokémon Chronicles.

In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon representation agreement. Pokémon USA Inc., a subsidiary of Japan's Pokémon Co., now oversees all Pokémon licensing outside of Asia.

Selected Pokémon

Charizard (リザードン Rizādon?), known as the Flame Pokémon, is the final stage in Charmander evolution. Its name seems to be a portmanteau of the words "char" and "lizard". Whereas Charmander and Charmeleon are ground-bound lizard like creatures, Charizard resembles a large traditional European dragon. Despite this, Charizard is explicitly a Fire/Flying-type, not a Dragon-type.[1] This Pokémon is on the cover art for the boxes of Pokémon Red, FireRed, and many other side games. During an interview, Pokémon Company president Tsunekazu Ishihara stated Charizard was expected to be popular with North American audiences, citing their preference for strong, powerful characters.[2] At one point, the Base Set Pokémon Trading Card Game card of Charizard was highly sought-after, fetching prices of over $100 U.S.

Charizard have two wings that are blue on the front, while the back is orange like the most of its body. Its belly ands soles however are cream-colored. Although hardly visible, Charizard's eye is light blue in color. It uses its three-clawed feet more than it uses its own hands. Its wings can carry this Pokémon close to an altitude of 4,600 feet.[3] It breathes intense flames that can melt any material. However, it will never torch a weaker foe.[4] One is also capable of crushing enemies with its claws. Charizard are violent yet honorable creatures, flying proudly around the sky and constantly seeking for powerful opponents to quarrel with.[5] If Charizard becomes furious, the flame at the tip of its tail flares up in a whitish-blue color.[6] Because of their reckless behavior, Charizard are also known to unintentionally cause wildfires.[7] Charizard is 5ft and 7inches long and weighs 199.5 Lb more...

Did you know?

  • ... that Abra, Kadabra, and Alakazam have received mixed reception, some arguing that they represented the occult?
  • ... that the glitch MissingNo. occurs as a result of buffer data containing the player's name not being cleared?
  • ... that Mr. Mime has been criticized as being a bad combination of mimes and clowns?
  • ... that the skin color of Jynx was modified because of complaints that the original design was racist?
  • ... that Koffing and Weezing have been described as examples of Japanese shinto practices?
  • ... that the new Kalos region took heavy influences from France?


  1. ^ "Charizard :: Best Pokémon". makefive.com. Retrieved May 22, 2009. 
  2. ^ Nintendo. "Interview with Tsunekazu Ishihara" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  3. ^ Game Freak (2004-09-07). Pokémon FireRed. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo. "Its wings can carry this Pokémon close to an altitude of 4,600 feet. It blows out fire at very high temperatures." 
  4. ^ Game Freak (2005-05-01). Pokémon Emerald. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo. "A Charizard flies about in search of strong opponents. It breathes intense flames that can melt any material. However, it will never torch a weaker foe." 
  5. ^ Game Freak (2003-03-17). Pokémon Ruby. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo. "Charizard flies around the sky in search of powerful opponents. It breathes fire of such great heat that it melts anything. However, it never turns its fiery breath on any opponent weaker than itself." 
  6. ^ Game Freak (2000-10-15). Pokémon Gold. Game Boy Color. Nintendo. "If Charizard becomes furious, the flame at the tip of its tail flares up in a whitish-blue color." 
  7. ^ Game Freak (1998-09-30). Pokémon Red and Blue. Game Boy. Nintendo. "It spits fire that is hot enough to melt boulders. Known to cause forest fires unintentionally." 

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