Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, //) is a media franchise owned by video game giant Nintendo and created by Satoshi Tajiri around 1995. Originally released as a pair of interlinkable Game Boy role-playing video games, Pokémon has since become the second most successful and lucrative videogame-based media franchise in the world, falling only behind Nintendo's Mario series. Pokémon properties have since been merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, and other media. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006, and as of December 1, 2006, cumulative sold units of the video games (including home console versions) have reached more than 155 million copies, Pokémon were meant for all people to have fun and enjoy and have fun with each other and their Pokémon.
The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand, "Pocket Monsters" (ポケットモンスター Poketto Monsutā), as such contractions are extremely common in Japan. The term "Pokémon", in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 721 fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the recent release of the newest Pokémon role-playing games (RPGs) for the Nintendo 3DS, Pokémon X and Y. As with the words deer and sheep, the singular and plural forms of the word "Pokémon" do not differ, nor does each individual species name; in short, it is grammatically correct to say both "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon". Nintendo originally translated Poketto Monsutā literally, but a naming conflict with the Monster in My Pocket toy line caused Nintendo to rebrand the franchise as "Pokémon" in early 1996. The game's catchphrase in the Japanese language versions of the franchise is "ポケモンGETだぜ! (Pokémon Getto Daze! - Let's Get Pokémon!)"; in English language versions of the franchise, it was originally "Gotta catch 'em all!," although it was dropped after Pokémon Crystal, before returning in promotional materials for Pokémon X and Y, and the spin-off series Pokémon Chronicles.
In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon representation agreement. Pokémon USA Inc., a subsidiary of Japan's Pokémon Co., now oversees all Pokémon licensing outside of Asia.
Mew (ミュウ Myū), known as the New Species Pokémon, is a Psychic-type legendary Pokémon. It was first introduced as a secret Pokémon in the first generation. Mew is normally described as a pink cat-like creature. Mew's hair is so fine, it can only be seen under a microscope. It has a long, skinny tail. Mew has big hind legs, like a rabbit, and short arms with three-fingered paws. Mew has triangle-shaped ears and baby-blue eyes. Mew is said to have the DNA of every single Pokémon, thus being able to transform into any of them and use any attack.  Mew is also capable of further teleportation, summoning giant pink bubbles of psychic energy, and rendering itself invisible.
In the first generation video games, Mew is mentioned in journal entries found in the Pokémon Mansion on Cinnabar Island stating that it was discovered deep in the jungles of Guyana, South America on July 5 (the year was not specified) and named on July 10, and that it "gave birth" to Mewtwo on Feb. 6. In the Super Smash Bros. video game series there is a 1 in 251 chance that a Poké Ball item contains Mew. While it does not attack, the player receives 10,000 points after the battle is over. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, it may even leave the player with a CD, a rare item that unlocks additional music in the game but the chance of it appearing was almost halved to 1 in 493 chance this time.
Mew plays a role in some of the Pokémon anime films. In Pokémon: The First Movie, Mewtwo was created from a fossilized Mew hair found in the Amazon. A single Mew travels to where Mewtwo is holding its tournament in order to convince it to stop. It also made a short appearance in Mewtwo Returns. In Pokémon: Lucario and the Mystery of Mew, the backdrop revolves around Mew's mysterious history and how this extremely rare Pokémon came to be so powerful. more...
- ... that Abra, Kadabra, and Alakazam have received mixed reception, some arguing that they represented the occult?
- ... that the glitch MissingNo. occurs as a result of buffer data containing the player's name not being cleared?
- ... that Mr. Mime has been criticized as being a bad combination of mimes and clowns?
- ... that the skin color of Jynx was modified because of complaints that the original design was racist?
- ... that Koffing and Weezing have been described as examples of Japanese shinto practices?
- ... that the new Kalos region took heavy influences from France?
- ^ HAL Laboratory. Super Smash Bros. Melee. "Mewtwo trophy: Although Mewtwo was bio-engineerd [sic] from a fossil of the legendary Pokémon Mew, its size and character are far different than its ancestor."
- ^ a b Pokédex: When viewed through a microscope, this Pokémon's short, fine, delicate hair can be seen. Game Freak (1999-10-19). Pokémon Yellow. Game Boy. Nintendo.
- ^ Pokédex: Its DNA is said to contain the genetic codes of all Pokémon, so it can use all kinds of techniques. Game Freak (2000-10-15). Pokémon Silver. Game Boy. Nintendo.
- ^ Pokémon Movie: Pokémon The First Movie, Nintendo, 1999-11-10
- ^ Pokédex: A MEW is said to possess the genes of all POKéMON. It is capable of making itself invisible at will, so it entirely avoids notice even if it approaches people. Game Freak (2003-03-17). Pokémon Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo.