The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
The Boricua Popular Army
— or Ejército Popular Boricua
— is a clandestine
organization based on the island of Puerto Rico
, with cells throughout the United States
. They campaign for and support the independence of Puerto Rico
from what they characterize as United States colonial
rule. The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation
(FBI) classifies the Boricua Popular Army as a terrorist organization.
Also known as Los Macheteros ("the Machete Wielders") and 'Puerto Rican Popular Army', their active membership consists of Puerto Rican men and women and was calculated by professor Michael González Cruz on his book Nacionalismo Revolucionario Puertorriqueño to be composed by approximately 5,700 members with an unknown number of supporters, sympathizers, collaborators and informants, with cells (usually consisting of between six and ten members) in the United States and other countries.
The group has claimed responsibility for numerous bombings, attacks against the U.S. military and armed robberies since 1978, and was led primarily by former FBI Most Wanted Fugitive Filiberto Ojeda Ríos until his death in 2005. (more...)
Photo credit: Carlo Giovannetti (Thief12)
Puerto Rico has over 50 rivers, most originating from the island's central mountainous region which receives heavy rainfall. The largest of these rivers, Rio de la Plata, measures approximately 60.5 mi. (97 km), starting at an altitude of 2,625 ft (800 m) above sea level in Cayey before ending between the northern coastal towns of Dorado and Toa Baja.
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) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for March
- March 1, 1954 - Four Puerto Rican nationalists attack the U.S. Capitol in protest of Puerto Rico's new Commonwealth status. 5 U.S. Representatives are injured.
- March 1, 1958 - Westernbank was founded.
- March 2, 1917 - The Jones Act is signed into law, granting U.S. citizenship to all Puerto Ricans and revised the system of government.
- March 2, 1940 - Birth of Tony Croatto, Italian-Puerto Rican singer and composer (d. 2005)
- March 3, 1908 - Birth of Juan Antonio Corretjer, poet, journalist and independence political activist (d. 1985)
- March 7, 1894 - Birth of Ana María O'Neill, women's rights activist (d. 1981)
- March 9, 1940 - Birth of Raúl Juliá, Golden Globe award winning screen and stage actor (d. 1994)
- March 10, 1898 - Puerto Rican leaders of the Cuban Revolutionary Party corresponded with the United States hoping they would include Puerto Rico in the intervention planned for Cuba.
- March 12, 1903 - The University of Puerto Rico is established.
- March 12, 1958 - Death of Luis R. Esteves, the first Puerto Rican to graduate from West Point (b. 1893)
- March 13, 1824 - The Municipality of Aibonito is founded.
- March 14, 1901 - Federico Degetau takes office in Washington, D.C. as the first Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
- March 17, 1995 - Death of Rick Aviles, comedian and actor (b. 1952)
- March 19, 1962 - Birth of Ivan Calderón, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 2003)
- March 21, 1937 - The Ponce Massacre occurred.
- March 22, 1873 - The Spanish National Assembly officially abolished, with a few special clauses, slavery in Puerto Rico.
- March 22, 1979 - Death of Rene Marques, renowned short story writer and playwright (b. 1919)
- March 26, 1965 - Birth of Raymond Arrieta, comedian
- March 28, 1969 - Birth of Giselle (Giselle Ortíz Cáceres), merengue singer
- March 29, 1977 - Birth of Kristina Brandi, professional tennis player
- March 30, 1933 - Birth of Braulio Castillo , telenovela actor
- ...that Colonel Hector Andres Negroni, was the first Puerto Rican graduate of the United States Air Force Academy?
- ...that the reggaeton was invented in Puerto Rico and has since then spread to other places around the world?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
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