The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
The history of Puerto Rico
began with the settlement of the archipielago
of Puerto Rico
by the Ortoiroid culture, sometime between 3000–2000 BC. Other tribes, such as the Igneri
Indians, populated the island between 120 and 1000 AD. At the time of Christopher Columbus
's arrival in the New World
, the dominant indigenous culture was that of the Taínos
. The Taíno culture died out during the latter half of the 16th century because of exploitation, war and diseases brought by the Spanish
Located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico was the key to the Spanish Empire since the early years of the exploration, conquest and colonization of the New World. The smallest of the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico was a major military post during many wars between Spain and other European powers for control of the region during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The island was a stepping-stone in the passage from Europe to Cuba, Mexico, Central America, and the northern territories of South America. Throughout most of the 19th century and until the conclusion of the Spanish-American War, Puerto Rico and Cuba were the last two Spanish colonies in the New World and served as the final outposts in Spanish strategies to regain control of the American continents. (more...)
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for December
- December 3, 1824 - The Municipality of Naranjito was founded.
- December 3, 1938 - Death of Félix Córdova Dávila, politician and Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico (b. 1878)
- December 3, 1979 - Los Macheteros opened fire on a bus carrying U.S. sailors, killing CTO1 John R. Ball and RM3 Emil E. White as well as wounding nine.
- December 4, 1979 - Eurobank was founded.
- December 5, 1916 - U.S. Congress approves the Jones Act, establishing Puerto Rico as a U.S. territory and granting U.S. citizenship to all Puerto Ricans.
- December 5, 1941 - Birth of José Aponte de la Torre, mayor of Carolina (d. 2007)
- December 9, 1897 - Birth of Tomas Blanco, writer and historian (d. 1975)
- December 11, 1929 - Birth of Axel Anderson, actor
- December 11, 1931 - Birth of Rita Moreno, Academy Award-winning actress
- December 17, 1771 - The Municipality of Cabo Rojo was founded.
- December 21, 1982 - Birth of Eddie Colón, professional wrestling
- December 22, 1936 - Héctor Elizondo, Golden Globe-nominated and Emmy Award-winning actor
- December 24, 1971 - Birth of Ricky Martin, international pop star.
- December 25, 1855 - The Municipality of Arroyo was founded.
- December 25, 1982 - Birth of Rubén Gotay, Mayor League Baseball second baseman
- December 28, 1965 - The Ponce Museum of Art is inaugurated.
- December 31, 1972 - Death of Roberto Clemente, Major League Baseball player and first Hispanic American to be selected to the Hall of Fame (b. 1934)
- ...that the myth of the Chupacabra has its origins in Puerto Rico?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Francisco Coimbre (February 17, 1909 – November 4, 1989), more commonly known as Pancho Coimbre, was a Puerto Rican professional baseball player. Coimbre played thirteen seasons in the Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League (LBPPR), with the Leones de Ponce. During this period the team won five league championships. He finished his career with an average of .337, and had an average of 2.2 strikeouts per season, this included four consecutive seasons from 1939 to 1942, without any strikeouts. Coimbre also won two LBPPR batting titles and the league's Most Valuable Player Award in 1943. Coimbre traveled to New York City, after completing his first professional season in Puerto Rico, where he joined the Porto Rico Stars baseball team of the Negro Leagues. He was contracted by the New York Cubans, while playing with the Porto Rico Stars. He joined the NYC and played several seasons for them. Coimbre's batting average remained over the .300 mark, including two seasons where he batted over .400. While playing in the Negro leagues he was selected to play in the league's East–West All-Star games twice. He also played with teams established in Colombia, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic and Mexico. Following his retirement Coimbre worked as a coach and manager of teams in both the professional and amateur leagues of Puerto Rico. (more...)
If you want to sell your vote, go ahead; it's a free country. But be sure you get something for it... You can't get both justice and the two dollars.
—Luis Muñoz Marín, first elected Governor of Puerto Rico, commenting on Puerto Rican jíbaros accepting $2 bribes for their votes, quoted by TIME Magazine on March 31, 1941.
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