The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
The Cerro Maravilla Incident is the name given by the Puerto Rican public and media to describe the events that occurred on July 25, 1978 at Cerro Maravilla, a mountain in Puerto Rico, wherein two young Puerto Rican pro-independence activists were killed in a police ambush. The event sparked a series of political controversies where, in the end, the police officers were found guilty of murder and several high-ranking local government officials were accused of planning and/or covering-up the incident.
Originally declared a police intervention against terrorists, the Governor of Puerto Rico ordered the local Justice Department to launch various investigations, and asked the FBI and the US Justice Department to aid in such investigations, which concluded that there was no wrongdoing on the officer's part. However, after the local opposing political party launched its own inquiries, new evidence and witness testimonies uncovered gross negligence on the officers' part, as well as the possibility of a local and federal cover-up. Local trials were held, and 10 officers were convicted of various crimes.
The incident and subsequent events have become one of the most controversial moments in Puerto Rico's political history. (more...)
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for December
- December 3, 1824 - The Municipality of Naranjito was founded.
- December 3, 1938 - Death of Félix Córdova Dávila, politician and Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico (b. 1878)
- December 3, 1979 - Los Macheteros opened fire on a bus carrying U.S. sailors, killing CTO1 John R. Ball and RM3 Emil E. White as well as wounding nine.
- December 4, 1979 - Eurobank was founded.
- December 5, 1916 - U.S. Congress approves the Jones Act, establishing Puerto Rico as a U.S. territory and granting U.S. citizenship to all Puerto Ricans.
- December 5, 1941 - Birth of José Aponte de la Torre, mayor of Carolina (d. 2007)
- December 9, 1897 - Birth of Tomas Blanco, writer and historian (d. 1975)
- December 11, 1929 - Birth of Axel Anderson, actor
- December 11, 1931 - Birth of Rita Moreno, Academy Award-winning actress
- December 17, 1771 - The Municipality of Cabo Rojo was founded.
- December 21, 1982 - Birth of Eddie Colón, professional wrestling
- December 22, 1936 - Héctor Elizondo, Golden Globe-nominated and Emmy Award-winning actor
- December 24, 1971 - Birth of Ricky Martin, international pop star.
- December 25, 1855 - The Municipality of Arroyo was founded.
- December 25, 1982 - Birth of Rubén Gotay, Mayor League Baseball second baseman
- December 28, 1965 - The Ponce Museum of Art is inaugurated.
- December 31, 1972 - Death of Roberto Clemente, Major League Baseball player and first Hispanic American to be selected to the Hall of Fame (b. 1934)
- ...That the zip code 00601 is the lowest assigned to any geographic place in the United States or its territories and belongs to Adjuntas, Puerto Rico?
- ...that Felisa Rincón de Gautier (also known as Doña Fela) was the first woman to be elected as the mayor of a capital city in any of The Americas?
- ...that aside from a strong presence in music, sports, literature, politics, television, radio, etc., Puerto Rico also has a presence in the voice acting industry with voice actors such as Tony Oliver?
- ...that Dick Versace is the first person of Puerto Rican descent and the first Hispanic to become head coach of an NBA team?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Roberto Cofresí (June 17, 1791 – March 29, 1825), better known as "El Pirata Cofresí", is the most renowned pirate in Puerto Rico. He became interested in sailing at a young age. By the time he reached adulthood there were some political and economic difficulties in Puerto Rico, which at the time was a colony of Spain. Influenced by this situation he decided to become a pirate in 1818. Cofresí commanded several assaults against cargo vessels focusing on those that were responsible for exporting gold. During this time he focused his attention on ships from the United States and the local Spanish government ignored several of these actions. On March 5, 1825, Cofresí engaged a float of ships led by John Slout in battle. He eventually abandoned his ship and tried to escape by land before being captured. After being imprisoned he was sent to San Juan, Puerto Rico, where a brief military trial found him guilty and on March 29, 1825, he and other members of his crew where executed by a firing squad. After his death his life was used as inspiration for several stories and myths, which served as the basis for books and other media. (more...)
Select [+] to view subcategories