The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
(Spanish pronunciation: [saŋ xwaŋ]
), named after Saint John the Baptist
: San Juan Bautista
) is the capital
and largest city of Puerto Rico
. The latest census
estimates place the city's population at 433,733, making it the 42nd-largest
city under the jurisdiction of the United States
. It is currently composed of 18 wards (barrios
), with an overall population density of 3,507 km2
. The city is also the center of the island's main metropolitan area (Spanish
: area metropolitana
), also including the municipalities of Bayamón
, Toa Alta
, Toa Baja
and Trujillo Alto
, with a total population of about 2 million inhabitants; hence about half the population of Puerto Rico now lives and works in this area.
San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, and is the oldest city in Puerto Rico and the United States, and the second oldest European-established city in the Americas. Today, San Juan serves as one of Puerto Rico's most important seaport, and is the island's manufacturing, financial, cultural, and tourism center. It is the cede of the island's largest university campus, and has hosted numerous important events within the sports community, including the 1979 Pan American Games, 1966 Central American and Caribbean Games, 2006 World Baseball Classic and the Caribbean Series. (more...)
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for August
- August 2, 1797 - The Municipality of Juncos was founded.
- August 4, 1909 - Birth of Manuel Méndez Ballester, journalist, radio and television broadcaster, and teacher (d. 2002)
- August 5, 1898 - American troops arrive and capture the town of Guayama, an event known as the Battle of Guayama.
- August 8, 1508 - The first settlement on the island, Caparra, is established by Juan Ponce de León.
- August 8, 1511 - Pope Julius II established the first Roman Catholic diocese in Puerto Rico, one of the first three in the entire New World.
- August 9, 1898 - The town of Coamo is besieged and subsequently seized by American troops in the Battle of Coamo.
- August 9, 1898 - American troops face small remnants of Spain's 6th Provisional Battalion at the Guamani River, an event known as the Battle of Guamani.
- August 10, 1815 - The Royal Decree of Grace was issued, allowing foreigners to enter Puerto Rico and opening the port to trade with nations other than Spain.
- August 10, 1898 - American troops face Spanish soldiers in Hormigueros in the Battle of Silva Heights.
- August 10, 1966 - Birth of Juan Rivera, professional wrestler
- August 11, 1815 - The Municipality of Adjuntas was founded.
- August 11, 1903 - Death of Eugenio María de Hostos, educator and independence advocate (b. 1839)
- August 12, 1898 - The Battle of Aibonito Pass, the last battle of the Puerto Rican Campaign of the Spanish-American War, occurred.
- August 17, 1773 - The Municipality of Cayey was founded.
- August 18, 1934 - Birth of Roberto Clemente, Major League Baseball player and first Hispanic American to be selected to the Hall of Fame (d. 1972)
- August 25, 1928 - Birth of Miguel Ángel Álvarez, also known as "El Men", comedian and actor.
- August 27, 1974 - Birth of José Vidro, Mayor League Baseball designated hitter
- August 28, 1957 - Birth of Luis Guzmán, actor
- That the public display of the Puerto Rican Flag was once considered a felony (from 1892 to 1954) and that anyone who did so could end up in jail?
- ...that Felisa Rincón de Gautier (also known as Doña Fela) was the first woman to be elected as the mayor of a capital city in any of The Americas?
- ...that aside from a strong presence in music, sports, literature, politics, television, radio, etc., Puerto Rico also has a presence in the voice acting industry with voice actors such as Tony Oliver?
- ...that Carly Colón, known internationally by his ring name Carlito, is the first professional wrestler to ever win a title in two separate debuts in WWE history?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
...industry is not a collection of machines and tools and buildings. It is a social entity that has the responsibility of realizing the happiness of those who work in it.
—Luis A. Ferré, third elected Governor of Puerto Rico, quoted by TIME Magazine on May 11, 1962.
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