The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
The Jewish immigration to Puerto Rico
began in the 15th century with the arrival of the marranos
(variously called conversos
, or Secret Jews
) who accompanied Christopher Columbus
on his second voyage. A Jewish
community did not flourish in Puerto Rico
was prohibited by the Spanish Inquisition
. The first large group of Jews to settle in Puerto Rico were European refugees
fleeing German–occupied Europe
in the 1930s and 1940s. The second influx of Jews to the island came in the 1950s, when thousands of Cuban Jews
fled after Fidel Castro
came to power. Puerto Rican Jews have made many contributions in multiple fields, including business and commerce
, education, and entertainment. Puerto Rico has the largest and richest Jewish community in the Caribbean
, with 3,000 Jewish inhabitants. It is also the only Caribbean island in which all three major Jewish denominations
, and Reform
—are represented. (more...
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for July
- July 1, 1881 - The Municipality of Barceloneta was founded.
- July 1, 1898 - The "Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry, United States Army", later renamed the 65th Infantry Regiment, was created.
- July 1, 1982 - The Nutrition Assistance for Puerto Rico program commenced operations.
- July 1, 1927 - The Municipality of Cataño was founded.
- July 1, 1951 - Birth of Luisito Vigoreaux, actor and producer
- July 4, 1950 - President Harry S. Truman signed Public Act 600, which allowed Puerto Ricans to draft their own constitution establishing the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
- July 6, 1987 - Birth of Ricky Sanchez, professional basketball player
- July 9, 1965 - Birth of Anthony Romero, civil rights leader and executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union
- July 15, 1821 - The Municipality of Nagüabo was founded.
- July 15, 1905 - Birth of Enrique Laguerre, writer and poet (d. 2005)
- July 16, 1918 - Death of José de Diego, statesman, journalist, poet and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain (b. 1866)
- July 17, 1859 - Birth of Luis Muñoz Rivera, statesman and Resident Commissioner
- July 19, 1760 - The Municipality of Mayagüez was founded.
- July 23, 1967 - The first plebiscite on the political status of Puerto Rico was held, with most supporting the current Commonwealth status.
- July 25, 1840 - The Municipality of Río Grande was founded.
- July 25, 1898 - General Nelson A. Miles lands unopposed in Guánica with the first contingent of American troops during the Spanish-American War.
- July 25, 1952 - The Constitution of Puerto Rico went into effect, and the islands were renamed as the Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of Puerto Rico).
- July 25, 1978 - The Cerro Maravilla Incident occurred.
- July 26, 1898 - Shortly after the arrival of American troops, the Battle of Yauco occurred.
- July 27, 1857 - Birth of Dr. José Celso Barbosa, founder of Puerto Rico's statehood movement (d. 1921)
- July 30, 1979 - Birth of Carlos Arroyo, professional basketball player
- July 31, 1936 - Pedro Albizu Campos, Juan Antonio Corretjer, Clemente Soto Vélez and other Nationalists were sentenced to federal prison for instigating protests.
- ...that the largest single-aperture telescope ever to be constructed is the Arecibo Observatory located near the city by the same name in Puerto Rico?
- ...that Felisa Rincón de Gautier (also known as Doña Fela) was the first woman to be elected as the mayor of a capital city in any of The Americas?
- ...that aside from a strong presence in music, sports, literature, politics, television, radio, etc., Puerto Rico also has a presence in the voice acting industry with voice actors such as Tony Oliver?
- ...that Dick Versace is the first person of Puerto Rican descent and the first Hispanic to become head coach of an NBA team?
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Daniel Santos (February 5, 1916 – November 27, 1992) was a singer and composer of boleros, and an overall performer of multiple Caribbean music genres, including guaracha, plena and rumba. Over the course of his career he adopted several names created by the public and became known as "El Jefe" and "El Inquieto Anacobero". Santos was born and raised in San Juan, where he began his education. When he was young his family moved to New York, where he resided until he was an adult. His artistic career began when he was contracted by the Trio Lirico, a Latin American trio that performed at social events. After briefly moving back to Puerto Rico he returned to Manhattan, where he worked in a nightclub and the Cuban Casino. On 1942, Santos was drafted by the United States military, and was assigned to serve as a part of the medical personnel working at World War II. Santos relocated to Havana, Cuba on 1946, where he obtained national success as a soloist. While in Cuba he joined the Sonora Matancera, and recorded several albums with the group. His participation with the group was followed by an international tour which focused on Latin American and the United States. On 1962, he abandoned Cuba and continued performing on several Latin American countries until his retirement. (more...)
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