Portal:Railways in India

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Railways in India Portal

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Rail transport in India is one of the most common modes of long-distance transport. Rail operations are largely run by a state-owned company, Indian Railways. The rail network traverses the length and width of the country, covering a total length of 63,140 km (39,233 miles). It is said to be the 4th largest railway network in the world, transporting over 7 billion passengers and over 350 million tonnes of freight annually. Its operations cover twenty-five states and three union territories and also link the neighbouring countries of Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Railways were introduced to India in 1853, and by the time of India's independence in 1947 they had grown to forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit—Indian Railways—to form one of the largest networks in the world. Locomotives manufactured at several places in India are assigned codes identifying their gauge, kind of power and type of operation. Colour signal lights are used as signals, but in some remote areas of operation, the older semaphores and discs-based signalling are still in use. Accommodation classes range from general through first class AC. Trains have been classified according to speed and area of operation. Many trains are officially identified by a four-digit code, though many are commonly known by unique names also. The ticketing system has been computerised to a large extent, and there are reserved as well as unreserved categories of tickets.

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Selected article

A front view of Guntur Junction

Guntur Division is one of the six divisions of South Central Railway (SCR), a zone of the Indian Railways. It administer's the rail transport in the east-central areas of Andhra Pradesh and covers the districts of Nalgonda, Guntur, Kurnool and Prakasam. With a system length of 1748 km, it is the third largest division of SCR, with 67 major and minor stations spread over a total route length of 618.8 km. The Guntur Division is also one of the newest divisions of Indian Railways, when announced in 1997 by the then Railway Minister of India. It became fully functional from 1 April, 2003 with P.N Shukla as its first Divisional Railway Manager. Consisting entirely of Broad Gauge track, it was formed by merging the most far-flung and least productive stretches of Vijayawada, Secunderabad and Guntakal divisions of the South Central Railway. Guntur Junction is the largest railway station of this division, located in Guntur City.

The division's total expenditure in 2008-09 was to the tune of Rs. 1.35 billion. Its Performance Efficiency Index was therefore pegged at 57.04%. The corresponding figures for 2007-08 were 0.89 billion and 32.92% respectively. The headquarters of the Guntur Division is located at Rail Vikas Bhavan, Pattabhipuram, Guntur.

Selected picture

The Victoria Terminus in 1903
A Stereographic image of Victoria Terminus, now Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus, in 1903, 15 years after the completion of its construction. It was stated- "The most magnificent railway station in the world.", in those times.

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In the News

2015 in rail transport in India

  • July 20 – The government of Andra Pradesh announces that among the eight companies that submitted proposals, Larsen & Toubro is the preferred bidder for construction of the Hyderabad Metro in India, costing a proposed Indian Rupee symbol.svg122 billion. The state and federal governments will each finance 20% of the project while Larsen & Toubro will finance the remaining 60%. The project is expected to be completed in 2014. (Railway Gazette)
  • June 6 - Passengers of the Hazrat Nizamuddin-Visakhapatnam Samata Express had a narrow escape when its engine derailed near Arand railway station in Chhattisgarh, but no one was injured. Rail services through the track were affected for about five hours due to the derailment at an area between Arand and Bhimkhoj stations in Raipur section. The cause of derailment is yet to be ascertained, officials said.The Hindu


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