Portal:Royal Navy

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The Royal Navy Portal

The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). From the early 18th century to the middle of the 20th century, it was the largest and most powerful navy in the world, playing a key part in establishing the British Empire as the dominant power of the 19th and early 20th centuries. In WWII, the Royal Navy operated almost 600 ships. During the Cold War, it was transformed into a primarily anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines, mostly active in the North Atlantic Ocean. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, its role for the 21st century has returned to focus on global expeditionary (blue water) operations.

The Royal Navy is the second-largest navy in NATO in terms of the combined tonnage of its fleet. Its global power projection capabilities are deemed second only to the United States Navy. There are currently 91 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy, including aircraft carriers, submarines, mine counter-measures and patrol vessels. There are also the support vessels of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.

The Royal Navy is a constituent component of the Naval Service, which also comprises the Royal Marines, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and associated reserve forces under command. The Naval Service had 38,710 regular personnel as of November 2006.

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Selected battle

Bundesarchiv DVM 10 Bild-23-63-07, Schlachtschiff "Scharnhorst".jpg

The Battle of the North Cape, was a naval battle of World War II that occurred on December 26, 1943. Ships of the Royal Navy engaged and sank the German battleship Scharnhorst (pictured) off Norway's North Cape. The outcome of the battle demonstrated the vital importance of radar in modern naval warfare. While Scharnhorst outgunned her opponents—with the exception of HMS Duke of York—the early loss of radar-assisted fire control combined with the problem of inclement weather left her at a significant disadvantage. The battle was the last significant engagement of the Atlantic Campaign, and essentially ended the threat posed by German surface ships.

The battle may also be the northernmost in the history of naval warfare.

Selected ship


HMS Daring is the lead ship of the Type 45 or 'D' Class of air defence destroyer (AAW) being built for the Royal Navy and the seventh to hold that name. Construction began at the BAE Systems Naval Ships yard at Scotstoun on the River Clyde in March 2003. The ship was launched at 14.21 GMT on February 1, 2006. HRH The Countess of Wessex was the ship's sponsor at her launch. As of September 2007 Daring is undergoing the second stage of sea trials. The first phase of sea trials were successfully completed on 14 August 2007. During these trials, Daring reached her design speed of 29 knots in 70 seconds and achieved a speed of 31.5 knots in 120 seconds.

Daring is both the first warship to include e-mail and entertainment systems (including iPod charging points) within the messdecks and the first Royal Navy vessel to include gender-neutral living spaces to accommodate male and female crew members. When fully active the Daring class will be one of the most advanced air-defence warships in the world. The ship's capabilities centre on the SAMPSON Multi Function Radar which can detect targets out to a distance of 400 km (250 miles) and the PAAMS missile system.



Selected picture

Destruction of HMS Queen Mary.jpg

Destruction of the battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary.

Image uploaded from Great War Archive.

Selected biography

Rear Admiral The Honourable Sir Horace Lambert Alexander Hood, KCB, MVO, DSO (2 October 1870 – 31 May 1916) was a British Royal Navy admiral of the First World War, whose lengthy and distinguished service saw him engaged in operations around the world, frequently participating in land campaigns as part of a shore brigade. His early death at the Battle of Jutland in the destruction of his flagship HMS Invincible was met with mourning and accolades from across Britain.

Admiral Hood was a youthful, vigorous and active officer whose service in Africa won him the Distinguished Service Order and who was posthuously raised to a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in recognition of his courageous and ultimately fatal service in the Battle of Jutland, during which his ship was constantly engaged from its arrival at the action and caused fatal damage to a German battlecruiser. He has been described as "the beau ideal of a naval officer, spirited in manner, lively of mind, enterprising, courageous, handsome, and youthful in appearance … His lineage was pure Royal Navy, at its most gallant".

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Major topics

Royal Navy
Major engagements Notable personnel Notable ships Equipment & Technology See also

War of the Grand Alliance
Battles of Barfleur and La Hogue

War of the Spanish Succession
Battle of Vigo Bay

War of the Austrian Succession
First Battle of Cape Finisterre
Second battle of Cape Finisterre
Battle of Havana

Seven Years War
Battle of Quiberon Bay
Battle of Lagos
Battle of Restigouche

American war of Independence
Battle of the Chesapeake
Battle of St. Kitts
Battle of the Saintes
First Ushant
Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780)
Battle of Dogger Bank (1781)
Second Ushant
Battle of Cape Spartel

French Revolutionry War
Glorious First of June
Battle of Genoa
Battle of Groix
Battle of Cape St Vincent
Battle of Camperdown
Battle of the Nile
Battle of Tory Island

War of the Second Coalition
First Battle of Copenhagen
Battle of Algeciras Bay

Napoleonic Wars
Battle of Cape Santa Maria
Battle of Cape Finisterre
Battle of Trafalgar
Battle of Cape Ortegal
Battle of San Domingo
Battle of Zealand Point
Battle of Lissa

Barbary Wars
Bombardment of Algiers

Greek War of Independence
Battle of Navarino

World War I
Battle of Heligoland Bight
Battle of the Falkland Islands
Battle of Dogger Bank
Battle of Coronel
Battle of Jutland

World War II
Battle of the Atlantic
Battle of the Mediterranean
Battle of the Malacca Strait
Battle of Normandy

Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation
Battle of Goose Green
Operation Telic
Not all battles included

Seven Years War
Edward Hawke
Edward Boscawen

American war of Independence
George Rodney
Samuel Hood
Richard Howe
Thomas Graves

French Revolutionry War
Adam Duncan
John Jervis

Napoleonic Wars
Horatio Nelson
Cuthbert Collingwood
James Saumarez
Thomas Cochrane
Robert Calder
Edward Codrington
Edward Pellew

World War I
David Beatty
John Jellicoe
Jackie Fisher
Roger Keyes
Doveton Sturdee

World War II
James Fownes Somerville
Andrew Cunningham
Bruce Fraser

pre - 1800
Mary Rose
HMS Golden Hind
HMS Revenge
HMS Victory

HMS Beagle
HMS Warrior

1900 - 1945
HMS Dreadnought
HMS Hood
HMS Royal Oak

1945 -
HMS Conqueror
HMS Daring

Customs and traditions of the Royal Navy
List of famous ships and sailors of the Royal Navy
Rating system of the Royal Navy
Naval tactics in the Age of Sail

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