Scouting and Guiding is a worldwide youth movement composed of many organizations. Its aim is to develop young people physically, spiritually and mentally so that youth may take a constructive place in society. This is achieved through non-formal education with emphasis on practical activities in the outdoors, the so called Scout method. The Scout Movement was founded in 1907 by Robert Baden-Powell, a retired Lieutenant General in the British Army. He was also at that time a good friend of William Alexander Smith, Founder of the Boys' Brigade. Currently Scouting and Guiding have over 38 million members in 217 countries and territories represented through several different Scouting associations at the international level.
Heinz Zemanek (born January 1, 1920) is an Austriancomputer pioneer, known primarily for building the first computer working entirely on transistors on the European mainland, called Mailüfterl, in 1955. In 1954, he supervised a thesis, in the course of which the LRR1 was developed, probably the only logical machine ever built in Austria. He was active in the Scouting movement most of his life. Heinz Zemanek was an active Boy Scout since 1932 and served later as Scout Leader, International Secretary of Austria from 1946 to 1949 and International Commissioner of the Pfadfinder Österreichs from 1949 to 1954. At the Austrian National Jamboree in Laxenburg in 1936 Heinz and other Scouts constructed the telephone network and carried it on a business during the camp. He was among the founders of "Unser Ziel", which was the official magazine for Scout Leaders of the Pfadfinder Österreichs. The Scout Leader war responsible for the organization of the 13th World Scout Conference in Salzburg. Zemanek was also involved in the preparations for the 7th World Scout Jamboree, which took place in Austria in 1951 and he attended. In 1963 he visited the 11th World Scout Jamboree in Greece.